Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina: Hi everyone, Gina here! This is Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 14 - Where Did My Finnish Book Go?
Paula: Hei! Minä olen Paula. Tervetuloa FinnishPod101.comiin. Welcome to FinnishPod101.com
Gina: In this lesson, you’ll learn to say that something is put somewhere - or that someone goes somewhere.
Paula: This conversation takes place at home. Liisa is the mother of the family with whom Helen is staying as an exchange student. Liisa and Helen will be speaking in standard Finnish.
Gina: Okay. Let's listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gina: We seem to be in the kitchen again. What do Finns usually eat?
Paula: Well, if you go and look at the restaurants, you’ll find all the usual stuff like Chinese, pizza, hamburgers, Indian, sushi, Mexican... At home, people usually like to cook something quick and simple, at least during the weekdays.
Gina: Are there any traditional dishes that are still popular?
Paula: Sure. One traditional dish is ‘silakkapihvit’, or fried Baltic herrings with mashed potatoes.
Gina: Do you often make them yourself?
Paula: Well... I don’t really make them so often myself, but I do eat them whenever they’re served at the restaurant where I go for lunch.
Gina: I see.
Paula: Another popular dish is ‘karjalanpaisti’. That’s a stew with beef and pork with onions and carrots, and sometimes also mutton. You cook it in the oven at a low temperature for a long time, until the meat gets all soft.
Gina: Mmm, that sounds good. Before my stomach starts rumbling, let’s move on to the vocabulary.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gina: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Paula: The first word is ‘laittaa’. It has two basic meanings, “to put something somewhere” and “to prepare a meal”.
Gina: And how is it used?
Paula: In the dialogue, we had several instances where it was used in the sense “to put”, such as ‘laita kala uuniin’ - “put the fish into the oven”. In this case, the oven is marked by our target grammar for this lesson.
Gina: OK, we’ll look more into that in a minute. What about the other meaning, how would you use the verb in that sense?
Paula: You follow it with the thing that is prepared, such as ‘karjalanpaisti’ - ‘äiti laittaa tänään karjalanpaistia’ which means “Mom’s making Carelian stew today”.
Gina: Okay. What’s the next word?
Paula: The next word is ‘selvä’. It has many meanings, but it’s usually something like “clear”, “untangled”, “obvious”, or “distinct”. But it can also mean “sober”, that is, “not drunk”.
Gina: Well, the last one was quite different.
Paula: Yeah, but it really comes down to the same basic meaning - when you’re sober, you can think clearly. When you’re drunk, your thoughts get all tangled.
Gina: Hmm, I guess it makes sense when you put it that way. Okay, now on to the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Gina: In this lesson, we're going to learn how to say that something goes somewhere.
Paula: As you’ve probably guessed by now, we’re going to need another case ending for that. This case is called the illative.
Gina: Don’t worry if you don’t remember all the names of the cases. We’ll try to cut down on the grammatical terminology, but we do need a way to refer to the cases.
Paula: Let’s start with the word ‘uuni’, or “oven” that we had in the dialogue. The stem is the same as the nominative form, ‘uuni-’. All we need to do in order to say “into the oven” is to extend the final ‘i’ and add an ‘n’ to make ‘uuniin.’
Gina: You really should remember to extend the final vowel, because otherwise it will be the same as the genitive form we learned in lesson 9.
Paula: That’s right. Listen carefully. I’ll say first the genitive and then the illative, ‘uunin’ - ‘uuniin’.
Gina: So, do you always form the illative in the same way?
Paula: Well, there are some words that already have a long vowel at the end, such as ‘tee’ meaning “tea” and ‘sää’ meaning “weather”. You can’t extend a long vowel further, so what we do is add an ‘h’ in the middle. So ‘tee’ becomes ‘teehen’ and ‘sää’ becomes ‘säähän’.
Gina: Okay. So how do you say “do you put sugar in your tea?”
Paula: ‘Laitatko teehen sokeria?’ And if you wanted to know if someone puts milk in their coffee, you’d ask ‘laitatko kahviin maitoa?’
Gina: You can also use this case with places, right?
Paula: That’s right. You can say ‘Menen tänään Helsinkiin’, or “I will go to Helsinki today”. This case is also used with the word ‘tervetuloa’, or “welcome”. “Welcome to Finland” would be ‘Tervetuloa Suomeen.’
Gina: But what if there isn’t a vowel at the end of the word? How would you say “welcome to New York”?
Paula: If there isn’t a vowel, you can use ‘i’ to make ‘Tervetuloa New Yorkiin.’
Gina: OK. Let’s have some practice. Listeners, I’ll say a word, and you should use that word to complete the sentence “put this into the...” The first word is “oven”.
Paula: The Finnish sentence you should complete is ‘Laita tämä...’ and then the word ‘uuni’ in the illative case.
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Paula: Laita tämä uuniin.
Gina: The next word is “stockpot”.
Paula: And the stem is ‘kattila-’.
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Paula: Laita tämä kattilaan.
Gina: Here’s the last word - “cabinet”.
Paula: The stem is ‘kaappi-’.
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Paula: ‘Laita tämä kaappiin.’ Note that in the illative, you don’t need to worry about the consonants changing in the middle of the word, like you did in the genitive and inessive cases. Listen to the ‘p’ sounds in the middle of the word - ‘kaappi’ - ‘kaappiin’ but ‘kaapin’ - ‘kaapissa’. Can you hear the difference?
Gina: The line-by-line audio tool on our website is an excellent help for learning to distinguish the long and short sounds in Finnish, so please give it a try!

Outro

Gina: Okay, that’s going to do it for this lesson. Thanks for listening, and see you next time!
Paula: Hei hei!

26 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hi listeners! Have you ever cooked some Finnish dishes?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 04:44 PM
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Hello Marcel,


Thank you for your question. Yes, both ways are used and therefore correct. Personally, I use more often this "oikealle" word.


Let us know if you have any questions.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Marcel
Thursday at 10:34 AM
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Quick question on käänny and direction. Is it käänny oikeaan? Google uses on the right or oikealle. Are both correct?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 02:59 PM
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Hello Zack,


Thank you for your question. Actually, you answered your own question as if you are washing a huge, indeterminate amount of salad, then you can say so. Generally, the washed salad amount is not that kind but one whole package. 👍


Let us know if you have any questions.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Zack
Wednesday at 04:03 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I have a question. Why is it "Pese salaatti" and not "Pese salaatia", don't you want Helen to wash an indeterminate amount of salad?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 03:46 PM
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Hello Zihao,


Thank you for your question.

Let us know if you have any question. "Helen, auttaisitko vähän" is a bit more polite way to ask help. You may use this conditional form when expressing a polite request (could you, would you). Both sentences are very much acceptable, indeed. 😄


Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Zihao
Wednesday at 06:02 PM
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Hei,


In the dialogue, why is the first sentence "Helen, auttaisitko vähän" instead of "Helen, autatko vähän"?

Are "sinä auttaisit" and "sinä autat" both acceptable? If so, is there any difference between them?


Kiitos! 😁

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 10:08 AM
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Hello Vien,


Thank you for your question!

"Laitatko teehen sokeria?" or "laitatko sokeria teehen?" Actually both sentences are correct. It depends on which object you want to slightly emphasize more. Hope this helps a bit. 😄


Let us know if you have any question.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Vien
Tuesday at 03:25 AM
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Hei,

I see that in the question, the object "sokeria" comes later: Laitatko teehen sokeria?, whereas in normal sentence, the object comes first: Laita sokeria kahviin, is it always right?

Kiitos!

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 08:46 AM
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Hello Juan,


Thank you for your questions. Yes, all these sentences are correct except this one.

3 - Laitan huoneen takia.

Please check re-check this sentence as I don't understand it's meaning.

"Käydä" verb has several meanings. It is used sometimes in partitive form sentences when you are studying something and/or somewhere. For example "Käyn suomen kielen kurssia"

Hope this helps.


Let us know if you have any question.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Juan
Tuesday at 02:18 AM
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Moi!

There seem a difference between the use the partitive in the interrogative sentences (e.g., laitatko teehen sokeria?) and the nominative in the imperative. Is this correct?

Are the following examples correct?

1 - Laita passi laukkuun (if kaappi keeps the double -pp, I guess it is the same for the -kk and -tt)

2 - Täytät lasiin olutta

3 - Laitan huoneen takia

4 - Me saavumme kotiin

5 - Laita juusto jääkaappiin

Question: In another lesson, there is this sentence: 'käyn suomalaista koulua'; should it not be 'kouluun'? Is this because is a general action not defined in time?

Kiitos!