Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Becky: Hi everyone, I’m Becky.
Päivi: And I’m Päivi!
Becky: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Finnish Vocabulary, Lesson 21! In this lesson you'll learn five essential words related to transportation and around town. These are five common modes of transportation used in Finland. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at FinnishPod101.com
BODY
Becky: Päivi, what’s our first word?
Päivi: bussi
Becky: bus
Päivi: (slow) bussi (regular) bussi
Becky: Listeners, please repeat:
Päivi: bussi
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky: The bus is the default mode of local public transportation in most parts of Finland. The coverage of bus routes is mostly pretty good in urban areas.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Bussien aikataulut löytyvät usein netistä.
Becky: Bus timetables can often be found on the net.
Päivi: (slow) Bussien aikataulut löytyvät usein netistä.
Becky: Okay, what’s the next word?
Päivi: auto
Becky: car
Päivi: (slow) auto (regular) auto
Becky: Listeners, please repeat:
Päivi: auto
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky: There are about 2.5 million cars in Finland, which is nearly one car for every two people. In urban areas, it is quite possible to get by without a car, but in more remote parts of Finland, you do need one.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Autolle voi joskus olla hankala löytää parkkipaikkaa.
Becky: It may sometimes be difficult to find a parking spot for your car.
Päivi: (slow) Autolle voi joskus olla hankala löytää parkkipaikkaa.
Becky: Okay, what’s the next word?
Päivi: polkupyörä
Becky: bike
Päivi: (slow) polkupyörä (regular) polkupyörä
Becky: Listeners, please repeat:
Päivi: polkupyörä
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky: A bike is a really convenient way to get from one place to another. There is quite a good network of bicycle paths in most towns, and it is a popular way of commuting.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Netissä olevalla Reittioppaalla voi etsiä reittejä myös polkupyörällä ajoa varten pääkaupunkiseudulla.
Becky: The Journey Planner on the Internet can be used to plan your journey on a bike in the Helsinki region.
Päivi: (slow) Netissä olevalla Reittioppaalla voi etsiä reittejä myös polkupyörällä ajoa varten pääkaupunkiseudulla.
Becky: Okay, what’s the next word?
Päivi: juna
Becky: train
Päivi: (slow) juna (regular) juna
Becky: Listeners, please repeat:
Päivi: juna
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky: The train is often the most convenient way of getting from one city to another. In the Helsinki area, there are also local trains that carry a considerable number of commuters every day.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Joissakin pitkän matkan junissa on myös makuuvaunuja.
Becky: Some long-distance trains also have sleeping cars.
Päivi: (slow) Joissakin pitkän matkan junissa on myös makuuvaunuja.
Becky: Okay, what’s the last word?
Päivi: lentokone
Becky: airplane
Päivi: (slow) lentokone (regular) lentokone
Becky: Listeners, please repeat:
Päivi: lentokone
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky: There are some 25 airports in Finland. Finland is a long country from south to north, so there is a considerable amount of domestic air traffic between southern and northern Finland, although most air traffic is international.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Lentokoneella lennetään lähinnä ulkomaille.
Becky: An airplane is mainly taken when travelling abroad.
Päivi: (slow) Lentokoneella lennetään lähinnä ulkomaille.
QUIZ
Becky: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Päivi will give you the Finnish – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Päivi: bussi
[pause]Becky: bus
Päivi: auto
[pause]Becky: car
Päivi: polkupyörä
[pause]Becky: bike
Päivi: juna
[pause]Becky: train
Päivi: lentokone
[pause]Becky: airplane

Outro

Becky: and There you have it – five modes of transportation frequently used in Finland! We have more vocab lists available at FinnishPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Päivi: Hei hei!

4 Comments

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FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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What is your favorite Finnish mode of transportation?

Corinna
Sunday at 05:25 AM
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Moi taas Päivi!


Ah, okay. The challenge here I guess is figuring out which verbs use the partitive :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:29 AM
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Moi Corinna!


'Sinua' and 'minua' are the partitive forms of 'you' and 'me'.

The partitive is used, among other cases, also with certain verbs, such as:

rakastaa, "to love"

odottaa, "to wait"

auttaa, "to help"

kadehtia, "to envy"

So, when you use the personal pronouns you/me with these verbs, you should use the partitive case:

'rakastan sinua', "I love you" - 'rakastan teitä kaikkia', "I love you all" :heart:

'odota minua', "wait for me" - 'odottakaa meitä!', "wait for us!"

'hän auttoi minua', "he helped me", 'voitteko auttaa meitä?', "can you help us?"

'kadehdin sinua', "I envy you", 'kadehdin heitä', "I envy them"


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Monday at 10:41 AM
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I don't know about Finnish transportation because I've never been there :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: But here I usually take a car. I've only been on an airplane three times, a taxi twice, and train and bus once :laughing:


Oh, and here's a slightly random question: When exactly are "Sinua" and "Minua" used? It is when you're expressing a feeling or emotion for or to someone? And how do the other pronouns change to be used the same way?