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Lesson Transcript

Hei, minun nimeni on Paula. Hi everybody! I’m Paula.
Welcome to FinnishPod101.com’s “Suomea kolmessa minuutissa”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Finnish.
In the last lesson, we learned the most common forms of greetings in Finnish. Do you remember them?
In this lesson we’re going to learn a very useful phrase: “Do you speak English?”
If you find yourself in a situation where you need assistance in English, this phrase can be a lifesaver. And because you’re asking it in Finnish, you can be sure that everyone will understand what you’re saying, even if their answer is no.
Here's the informal way to say it.
Puhutko sinä englantia?
[slowly] Puhutko sinä englantia?
In Finnish, verbs change depending on the pronoun that is used. This verb, puhua, is conjugated to the second person singular, puhut. Ko is a suffix used to make it a question. It is similar to the English word "do" here. Puhut refers to sinä, which is the informal way to say “you”.
And I’m sure you recognize “englantia” as “English.”
Puhutko sinä englantia?
To learn how to properly conjugate Finnish verbs like puhua, please look at our Absolute Beginner series on FinnishPod101.com. There you’ll find a several detailed grammar lessons!
We’re now going to make this sentence formal. First, we need to use the formal version of “you,” which is te. If we change the word for “you,” we will conjugate puhua differently. It becomes puhutte. Everything else stays the same:
Puhutteko te englantia?
[slowly]Puhutteko te englantia?
Adding anteeksi, "excuse me", makes the sentence even more polite:
Anteeksi, puhutteko te englantia?
The responses you will receive could be one of these three:
Kyllä. "Yes."
[slowly] Kyllä
Vähän. "A little."
[slowly] vähän.
Ei, en puhu englantia. "No, I don’t speak English."
[slowly] Ei, en puhu englantia.
Since this last one is a negative statement, we need to say ei first, then en before the verb, puhu, and englantia after it. Notice also that the verb, puhu is slightly different than puhutte. Remember, the verb changes depending on the pronoun used. We are now talking about minä, Finnish for "I," so “I do not speak” is:
Minä en puhu.
The negative verb is also slightly different than the affirmative one. Don't worry, we'll talk all about this in a future lesson!
Now it’s time for Paula’s Points.
For those of you who speak languages other than English, this question still works. Just substitute englantia with a different language. Here are some examples:
italiaa is Italian,
venäjää is Russian,
espanjaa is Spanish, and
saksaa is German.
In this lesson we mentioned the expression anteeksi. But did you know that this could also be used as an apology? In the next lesson, we will learn this and other ways to apologize in Finnish.
I'll see you in our next Suomea kolmessa minuutissa lesson.
Nähdään pian!

35 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Hi listeners! Let's practice this question!

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:20 PM
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Hello Ahmed Jama,


Thank you for your sentences! They need slight corrections, so here are these as fixed.

Puhutko sinä somaliaa (or somalin kieltä)? (Informal)

Kyllä

Puhutteko te suomea? (Formal)

Vähän

Puhutko sinä englantia? (Informal)

Ei, en puhu englantia


Let us know if you have any questions.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Ahmed Jama
Thursday at 07:29 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Puhutko sinä somali? (Informal)

Kyllä

Puhutteko te suomi? (Formal)

Vähän

Puhutko sinä englantia? (Informal)

Ei, en puhu englantia

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 07:21 PM
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Hei Jimena,


Kiitos lauseistasi! Few corrections are needed this time.


En. Luulen se on tosi vaikea kielta (vaikea kieli). Ottaisin (Haluaisin?) puhua italiaa ja nahuatlia. Tämä viime (jälkimmäinen) on meksikolainen syntyperäinen kielta (kieli).


Let us know if you have any questions.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Jimena
Sunday at 12:43 PM
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Anteeksi, puhutko sinä suomea?

Vähän. Puhun englantia ja espanjaa.


Puhutko sinä venajää?

En. Luulen se on tosi vaikea kielta.


Ottaisin puhua italiaa ja nahuatlia. Tämä viime on meksikolainen syntyperäinen kielta.

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 10:14 PM
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Hello Cherol,


Thank you for your sentences! Wow! So many sentences and all almost right! Well done. Just add an extra -a here. "Minä puhun vähän mandariinikiinaa." 👍


Let us know if you have any questions.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Cherol
Thursday at 02:22 PM
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Puhutko sinä englantia?

Kyllä.

Kyllä, puhun englantia.

Minä puhun sujuvasti.

Anteeksi, puhutteko te italiaa?

Ei, en puhu italiaa

Puhutteko te venäjää?

En puhu venäjää.

Minä en puhu.

Puhutteko te mandariinikiina (i just googled this because I do not know the correct term for the Mandarin language)?

Vähän.

Minä puhun vähän mandariinikiina.

Kiitos! Nähdään pian!

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:15 PM
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Hello Ziyi Zhang,


Thank you for your sentences! All are correct! Well done! 👍



Let us know if you have any questions.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Ziyi Zhang
Monday at 05:13 PM
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Anteeksi, puhutko englantia?

En puhu englantia.

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 04:15 PM
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Hello Kentaro,


Thank you for your question! "Puhutko sinä japania?" is correct. You got it almost right. Only a small correction needed. Well done!


Let us know if you have any questions.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Kentaro
Thursday at 04:34 PM
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Hei.


Puhukto sinä japania?


Am I saying this right? I am native Japanese speaker. I should know it.


Kiitos.