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Lesson Transcript

Jessi: Hello, and welcome to Finnish Survival Phrases, brought to you by FinnishPod101.com. This course is designed to equip you with the language skills and knowledge to enable you to get the most out of your visit to Finland. You'll be surprised at how far a little Finnish will go. Now, before we jump in, remember to stop by FinnishPod101.com and there you'll find the accompanying PDF and additional info in the post. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment!
Finnish Survival Phrases lesson 14 - Finnish Restaurant: Placing an Order
Reeta: Finally, you're at the table and at your seat. Now it's time to order!
In this lesson, we'll cover how to ask for a menu and then order your food and drinks.
Normally you have to catch the waiter's attention, perhaps by raising your right hand a bit. Then ask for a menu by saying, Saisinko ruokalistan, kiitos. Let’s break it down, Saisinko ruokalistan, kiitos. Once more, Saisinko ruokalistan, kiitos.
Ruokalista means "menu" in Finnish. I hope you remember our word for "please" from the third lesson: kiitos.
Here's the whole sentence again: Saisinko ruokalistan, kiitos.
A typical Finnish meal is composed of only one plate and may be followed by dessert. Most menus clearly indicate whether a dish comes with a side dish (vegetable, potatoes or a salad) or whether you have to order the side separately. On the menu you'll find alkupalat ("appetizers," a large variety of dishes from salads to meat), keitot ja salaatit ("soups and salads"), and pääruoka ("main course"), followed by jälkiruoka ("dessert").
In 99% of cases, the waiter or waitress will begin by asking what you'd like to drink: Saisiko olla jotain juotavaa? Let’s break it down, Saisiko olla jotain juotavaa. Once more, Saisiko olla jotain juotavaa.
Saisiko olla means "would you like," and jotain juotavaa means "something to drink."
Saisiko olla jotain juotavaa?
Now let's see some typical beverages Finns might have with dinner.
Valkoviini: "white wine"
Punaviini: "red wine"
Olut: "beer"
Siideri: "cider" (British/Irish type of cider made of apples and containing 4-9% alcohol)
Vesi: "water"
Once you have looked at the menu, you can finally call the waiter for the order.
When you order in Finland, you can just say the name of the dish you want. However, to be more polite, you should start the list by saying Haluaisin tämän, then just say tämän before each item on your list.
Now let's go and see some good dishes you can find on a typical Finnish menu. These are relatively common, and you won't want to miss them on your journey in Finland.
graavilohi: fresh salmon preserved in herbs
lohikeitto: salmon soup made with potatoes and other vegetables, flavored with dill
poronkäristys: sauteed reindeer served with mashed potatoes and lingonberry jam
lihapullat: Meatballs served with mashed potatoes.
mustikkapiirakka: Finnish pie filled with blueberries
Let's imagine you would like to order salmon soup and a beer. You should say to the waiter, Haluaisin tämän lohikeiton ja tämän oluen.
Ok, to close out today's lessons, we’d like you to practice what you have just learned. I’ll provide you with the English equivalent of the phrase and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud. You’ll have a few seconds before I give you the answer, so Onnea! which means “Good luck!” in Finnish.
“A menu, please.” - Saisinko ruokalistan, kiitos.
“What would you like to drink?” - Saisiko olla jotain juotavaa?
“I would like this salmon soup and this beer.” - Haluaisin tämän lohikeiton ja tämän oluen.
Jessi: Alright! That's going to do it for today. Remember to stop by FinnishPod101.com and pick up the accompanying PDF. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment!

10 Comments

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FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hello Listeners,

We had another lesson about Finnish restaurants today! So, what's your favorite food? Any delicious dishes unique to your country?

Give us a taste of your country too!

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 03:20 PM
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Hello Gonçalo,


Thank you for your question! Yes, the genitive form of lohikeitto --> lohikeiton. Correct! The genitive form of lihapullat and graavilohi would be then "lihapullien" and "graavilohen". The partitive form would be "lihapullia" and "graavilohta". Hope this helps and bon appetit! 😄


Let us know if you have any questions.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Gonçalo
Thursday at 03:24 AM
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Hello! So I noticed that when ordering the words are in the genitive lohikeitto --> lohikeiton.



What is the genitive for lihapullat and graavilohi? Since those dishes seem very tasty and I would like to try them!



Thank you

Gonçalo
Thursday at 03:23 AM
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Hello! So I noticed that when ordering the words are in the genitive lohikeitto --> lohikeiton.


What is the partitive for lihapullat and graavilohi? Since those dishes seem very tasty and I would like to try them!


Thank you

FinnishPod101.com
Sunday at 03:35 PM
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Moi Luca P. Gentile,


Thank you for your question.

Yes, Luca "Tämän" is the genitive form of the word "tämä" (that) and it means the whole object.


Let us know if you have any question.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com


FinnishPod101.com
Sunday at 03:31 PM
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Hello Robert,


Thank you for your comment.

Minäkin pidän kalasta ja valkoviinistä.

I hope the fish you made for dinner was delicious.


Let us know if you have any question.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com


Luca P. Gentile
Thursday at 05:49 AM
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Moi,


minä tykkän ruisleipä ka puro :-)


mitä on ero tämä ja tämän valissa? Tiedan etta -n on genitiivi. Tarkoitaako ¨tämän¨ koko asia?

What´s the difference between ¨tämä¨ and ¨tämän¨? I know that the -n makes the genitive form, but does it then mean that you want the whole of the thing you are pointing at?

Robert
Sunday at 10:54 PM
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Minä pidän kala ja valkoviini!

I like breaded fish, and I'll make that for dinner today ?


I must say, all the Finnish dishes you listed sound delicous!


Thanks for the lesson!

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 10:08 PM
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Hei Maribeth!


'Tämän' is the genitive form of the word 'tämä', which means 'this'.

So basically, when ordering, you can use it to say "I'd like to order this..."

Sometimes you may define it more and continue the sentence, for example by saying "Ottaisin tämän salaatin." ("I would like to have this salad please.")

In the most simple form, you can just say "Tämä, kiitos" ("this one, please"), whilst pointing on the menu or a picture.


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Maribeth
Monday at 04:01 AM
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Can you explain what tämän means or the purpose it serves when ordering?