Dialogue

Vocabulary

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11 Comments

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FinnishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi listeners, how was this lesson?

Thursday at 3:15 am
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Hei Oliver!

Yes, that is correct! 😄 The second person plural is used as a polite form in Finnish, for example in official situations, or when speaking to the elderly.
Thank you also for the fascinating information regards to French, Spanish and English! I am also personally interested in ‘ye olde English’, and absolutely love it when the old words are used in historical dramas and movies!

Päivi
Team FinnishPod101.com

Oliver
Wednesday at 10:17 am
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Hei Päivi,

So, second person plural is used as a polite form in Finnish? The same happens in French and Spanish! It was used historically in English, so much so that we only use the plural (you) form now. The singular used to be “thou”.

Corinna
Wednesday at 2:10 pm
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Moi taas Päivi!

Ah, I did know them 😜 I just forgot.

That’s what I thought 😄 so either one can be used.

Tuesday at 11:14 pm
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Moi Corinna!

The ending for the 1st plural is ‘-mme’ (’me menemme’, “we go” - ‘me syömme’, “we eat”) and for the 2nd plural it’s
‘-tte’ (’te menette’, “you go” - ‘te syötte’,”you eat”).
And yes, ‘vasempaan’ and ‘vasemmalle’ both mean “to the left”! :thumbsup: 😄

Päivi
Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Thursday at 2:31 pm
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Hei Päivi 😄

Ah, okay 😁 I think I get it. I just can’t quite remember all the endings; 1st singular - n, 2nd singular - t, 3rd singular - long vowel, 2nd plural - kää. What are the endings for the 1st and 3rd plurals? (it’s very possible that I know them, and don’t remember 😜 )

Oh, so it’s just another way of saying “vasemmalle” then? 😜

Wednesday at 8:39 pm
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Hi Corinna!

In polite speech, you can use the second plural form of verbs. In the ‘kääntykää’ case, the imperative form is also used (verb is “kääntyä”, ‘to turn’, of which 2nd singular imperative is “käänny”, 2nd plural is “kääntykää”).
So for example;

Second plural in ‘normal’ speech, when you are talking to more than 1 person:
“Miten pääsemme metro-asemalle?” (’How do we get to the subway station?’)
“Kääntykää seuraavasta risteyksestä oikealle.” (’Turn right from the next crossing.’)

(if there is only one person, the second sentence could be “käänny seuraavasta risteyksestä oikealle.”, if not using the polite form)

Second plural when using polite speech, called “teitittely”, in Finnish:
“Miten pääsen metro-asemalle?” (’How do I get to the subway station?’)
“Kääntykää seuraavasta risteyksestä oikealle.” (’Turn right from the next crossing.’)

“Vasempaan” means ‘to the left’. “Vasen” is just ‘left’. 😄

Päivi
Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Sunday at 3:55 pm
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Slightly confused about why “-kää” is used in the polite speech (”Kääntykää vasemmalle”). 😜 Also, I heard “vasenpaan” (or maybe “vasempaan”) in the audio. How is that different from “vasen”?

Tuesday at 6:28 pm
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Thank you for your comment and the compliments Abbas! 😄

Hmm. Yes, in a way you can also say ‘tämä on makea’, ‘this is sweet’ . Sometimes it can also mean ‘this is cool’, especially young kids use this word to express when something is really cool, in slang, ‘tosi makee!’.

Päivi
Team FinnishPod101.com

Abbas
Saturday at 4:08 am
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or I may say:
tama on makea

Abbas
Saturday at 4:06 am
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totta kai;tama on hyv va