Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Becky: Welcome to 3-Minute Finnish Season 1, Lesson 18 - Possession. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about possession in Finnish.
Body
Becky: Here's the informal way to say 'Do you have a pen on you?' in Finnish.
Nico: [Normal] Onko sinulla kynää?
Becky: First is a word meaning 'is there'
Nico: [Normal] onko [Slow] onko
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'on you'
Nico: [Normal] sinulla [Slow] sinulla
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'pen'
Nico: [Normal] kynää [Slow] kynää
Becky: Listen again to the informal phrase meaning 'Do you have a pen on you?'
Nico: [Slow] Onko sinulla kynää? [Normal] Onko sinulla kynää?
Becky: Ok, now let's take a look at the formal way to ask 'Do you have a pen on you?'
Nico: [Normal] Olisiko teillä kynää?
Becky: First is a word meaning 'would there be'
Nico: [Normal] olisiko [Slow] olisiko
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'on you'
Nico: [Normal] teillä [Slow] teillä
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'pen'
Nico: [Normal] kynää [Slow] kynää
Becky: Listen again to the formal phrase meaning 'Do you have a pen on you?'
Nico: [Slow] Olisiko teillä kynää? [Normal] Olisiko teillä kynää?
Becky: Next up is the way to say 'Yes, I have one on me.'
Nico: [Normal] Kyllä, on minulla.
Becky: First is a word meaning 'yes'
Nico: [Normal] kyllä [Slow] kyllä
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'is'
Nico: [Normal] on [Slow] on
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'on me'
Nico: [Normal] minulla [Slow] minulla
Becky: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'Yes, I have one on me.'
Nico: [Slow] Kyllä, on minulla. [Normal] Kyllä, on minulla.
Becky: Finally is a way to say 'Yes, here you are.'
Nico: [Normal] Kyllä, tässä ole hyvä.
Becky: First is a word meaning 'yes'
Nico: [Normal] kyllä [Slow] kyllä
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'here'
Nico: [Normal] tässä [Slow] tässä
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'here you are'
Nico: [Normal] ole hyvä [Slow] ole hyvä
Becky: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'Yes, here you are.'
Nico: [Slow] Kyllä, tässä ole hyvä. [Normal] Kyllä, tässä ole hyvä.
Cultural Insight
Becky: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Nico: The "Freedom to Roam," or jokamiehenoikeus, is an interesting aspect of Finland in relation to possessions. It means that despite the private ownership of natural locations, like forests or lakes, everyone has the right to enjoy them, as long as they don't cause any harm to them. Everyone is entitled to, for example, pick berries and mushrooms from forests, and swim and boat in lakes.

Outro

Becky: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!
Nico: Hei hei!

7 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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How would you say 'Do you have a book?'

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 07:11 PM
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Hei Leena,


Kiitos kysymyksestäsi.


Molemmat ovat oikein mutta "olisiko teillä kirjaa?" on joko kohtelias sanamuoto tai monikkomuoto (polite form when talking to old people or plural form).


Let us know if you have any question.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Leena
Monday at 01:36 PM
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Onko sinulla kirjaa? Tai, olisiko teillä kirjaa?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 03:32 PM
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Hi Robert,

Thank you for your question.


Yes, it is very much correct. 👍


If you have any questions, please let us know.

Thank you.

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Robert
Thursday at 04:06 AM
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Hei!

Do you have a book: Onko sinulla kirjaa?


Is it correct that you use the partitive case here, because it could be either 0 or 1 book?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 07:04 PM
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Hei Silviu!


Thank you for the question!

"Ole hyvä" is a phrase, meaning 'here you are'. The adverb "tässä", 'here' emphasizes that something (like an object, food, etc.) physically somewhere, and being given to someone. In this dialogue, the situation represents that one person is asking for a pen, and the other person is giving it to him. As they are physically, in that moment, giving the pen, they also say "tässä, ole hyvä", literally in English 'Here, here you are'.


Best Wishes,

Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Silviu
Thursday at 02:16 AM
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Hei Paivi! Why there is also tässä used in the last sentence when ole hyvä already means "here you are"?