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Learn How to Talk About Your Family in Finnish

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Did you know that only some reptiles and birds don’t parent their offspring? Except for crocodiles, all reptiles (and one family of bird species called megapodes) hatch from eggs and grow up alone, without any family.

The rest of us need family if we are to survive and thrive - humans and animals alike!

At FinnishPod101, we know how important family is. Therefore, we take care to teach you all the important vocabulary and phrases pertaining to family.

Table of Contents

  1. Why Is It Important to Know Finnish Vocabulary about Family?
  2. Learn a New Culture? Learn its Family Vocab first
  3. How FinnishPod101 Can Help You Learn Finnish Family Terms

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Family Phrases in Finnish


1. Why Is It Important to Know Finnish Vocabulary about Family?

Lioness with Cub

Well, if you’re serious about studying any new language, then learning about the most important social unit in Finnish culture would be a crucial part of your education.

What is family, though? Strictly speaking, it’s a group of people who live together and are supposed to take care of one another. Some of them are genetically linked.

Family isn’t just about who we’re related to by blood, of course. It’s also one of the main influences in shaping every child’s life.

Family is Important for Children’s Healthy Development

Phrases Parents Say

Family is the single most important influence in a child’s life. Children depend on parents and family to protect them and provide for their needs from the day they were born.

Primary caregivers, which usually comprise parents and family, form a child’s first relationships. They are a child’s first teachers and are role models that show kids how to act and experience the world around them.

By nurturing and teaching children during their early years, families play an important role in making sure children are ready to learn when they enter school.

Families Can Take All Shapes and Sizes

However, the way families are put together is by no means standard.

Mom and Daughter

Single-parent and same-gender households have become a new norm the past few decades, and there’s no shame in this. When there is love, connection and proper care, a child can thrive anywhere.

Everyone also knows that sometimes friends can become like family and remain with us for life, because it’s all about human connection.

After all, we share many commonalities simply because we’re human, and we are programmed to connect with one another and belong to a group. This is very important for our well-being and survival.

It’s All About Feeling Connected

As John Northman, a psychologist from Buffalo, NY, told WebMD - feeling connected to others contributes to mental as well as physical health.

He pointed out that when people feel connected, they feel better physically, and they’re also less likely to feel depressed.

Couples Chatting

Or, if they do feel depressed, they’d be in a better position to get out of it when they feel they are connecting with others. This is because they would be psychologically supported too, Northman said.

There has even been some links drawn between addiction and feeling disconnected from others. According to an article in Psychology Today, research indicates that addiction is not solely a substance disorder, but also affected by people feeling insecurely attached to others.

It showed that securely attached individuals tend to feel comfortable in and enjoy life, while insecurely attached people typically struggle to fit in and connect.


2. Learn a New Culture? Learn its Family Vocab first

So, it’s clear that for most of us, family is our entry point into connection and belonging. This is true of every culture, so in every country, family takes prominence.

For this reason, FinnishPod101 offers culturally-relevant lessons that will equip you well to understand families in Finland.

Here are some of the most important Finnish vocabulary and quotes about family and parenting!

A) Finnish Family Vocabulary

Let’s start with the basic vocabulary. Without this collection of words, you’ll have a hard time describing any member of your family at all.

Family Terms
Family
perhe
Great grandfather
isoisoisä
Mother
äiti
Grandmother
isoäiti
Father
isä
Grandfather
isoisä
Wife
vaimo
Grandchild
lapsenlapsi
Husband
aviomies
Granddaughter
pojantytär, tyttärentytär
Parent
vanhempi
Grandson
pojanpoika, tyttärenpoika
Child
lapsi
Aunt
täti
Daughter
tytär
Uncle
setä, eno
Sister
sisko
Niece
veljentytär
Brother
veli
Nephew
veljenpoika
Younger sister
pikkusisko
Younger brother
pikkuveli
Older brother
isoveli
Great grandmother
isoisoäiti
Cousin
serkku
Mother-in-law
anoppi
Father-in-law
appi
Sister-in-law
käly
Brother-in-law
lanko
Partner
kumppani

Family of Three

B) Quotes About Family

Finnish Family Quotes

One of the ways to improve your Finnish language skills is by memorizing quotes from books, or poems.

Either source some from Finnish literature, or make use of ours!

Sinä et valitse perhettäsi. He ovat Jumalan lahja sinulle, kuten sinäkin olet heille.

“You don’t choose your family. They are God’s gift to you, as you are to them.” - Desmond Tutu

Perhe ei ole tärkeä asia. Se on kaikki.

“Family is not an important thing. It’s everything.” - Michael J. Fox

Perhe tarkoittaa, ettei ketään jätetä yksin eikä unohdeta.

“Family means no one gets left behind or forgotten.” - David Ogden Stiers

Perheeni on voimani ja heikkouteni.

“My family is my strength and my weakness.” - Aishwarya Rai

Perhe on yksi luonnon mestariteoksista.

“The family is one of nature’s masterpieces.” - George Santayana

Kun ongelmia tulee, perheesi on se, joka tukee sinua.

“When trouble comes, it’s your family that supports you.” - Guy Lafleur

Perhe on yhteiskunnan perussolu.

“The family is the first essential cell of human society.” - Pope John XXIII

Ei ole olemassa sellaista asiaa kuin hauskaa koko perheelle.

“There is no such thing as fun for the whole family.” - Jerry Seinfeld

Sinun täytyy puolustaa kunniaasi. Ja perhettäsi.

“You have to defend your honor. And your family.” - Suzanne Vega

Kaikki onnelliset perheet ovat toistensa kaltaisia; jokainen onneton perhe on onneton omalla tavallaan.

“All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.” - Leo Tolstoy

C) Test Your Knowledge!

Do you feel you have learned a lot in this blog? Let’s quickly test that!

In the table below, match the Finnish vocabulary on the left with the definition of the relative in the right column.

MY RELATIVES
Relative Name Definition
1. perhe a. My male child
2. äiti b. My older male sibling
3. isä c. My female sibling
4. vaimo d. My child’s child
5. aviomies e. My child’s female child
6. vanhempi f. My female parent
7. lapsi g. My grandparent’s mother
8. tytär h. Mother to one of my parents
9. poika i. Relatives
10. sisko j. My female child
11. veli k. My younger male sibling
12. pikkusisko l. Male spouse
13. pikkuveli m. The father of one of my parents
14. isoveli n. My child’s male child
15. isoisoäiti o. My children’s father or mother
16. isoisoisä p. The sister of one of my parents
17. isoäiti q. The brother of one of my parents
18. isoisä r. My male parent
19. lapsenlapsi s. My sibling’s female child
20. pojantytär, tyttärentytär t. My sibling’s male child
21. pojanpoika, tyttärenpoika u. My male sibling
22. täti v. My parents’ sibling’s child
23. setä, eno w. Female spouse
24. veljentytär x. The grandfather of one of my parents
25. veljenpoika y. The person I am a parent to
26. serkku z. My younger female sibling

How did it go? Don’t worry if you had trouble with it - you’ll get there! With a bit of practice, and our help at FinnishPod101, you’ll soon have these family terms under the belt.

Family Shopping


3. How FinnishPod101 Can Help You Learn Finnish Family Terms

We hope that we helped you expand your family in Finnish vocabulary!

FinnishPod101, with its innovative online learning system, stands out among online learning platforms to help you master Finnish easily.

Our lessons are tailored not only to increase your language skills, but to also inform you of Finnish culture, including the Finnish family structure.

When you sign up, you will get instant access to tools like:

1 - An extensive vocabulary list, regularly updated
2 - A new Finnish word to learn every day
3 - Quick access to the Finnish Key Phrase List
4 - A free Finnish online dictionary
5 - The excellent 100 Core Finnish Word List
6 - An almost limitless Lesson Library for learners of all levels

Further speed up your learning with the help of a personal tutor, who will first assess your current Finnish language abilities to personalize your training and tailor it to your needs.

Hard work always pays off, and to help you in this, FinnishPod101 will be there every step of the way toward your Finnish mastery!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Family Phrases in Finnish

Itsenäisyyspäivä: How to Celebrate Finnish Independence Day

In 1917, Finland finally gained its independence from Russia after a months-long battle. Each year, Finns celebrate freedom and solemnly commemorate those who gave their lives during this time.

In this article, you’ll learn about this long battle for freedom and about how people celebrate Finnish independence.

Ready? Let’s get started!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Finnish

1. What is Independence Day in Finland?

Independence Day commemorates the day Finland won its independence from Russia. The holiday dates to 1917 when Finland was declared a sovereign nation apart from Russia, where it had been considered a grand duchy.

The battle for Finnish independence began with the February Revolution of 1917 and was further pressed with the October Revolution of 1917. When Grand Duke Nicholas II abdicated the throne in Russia, Finns believed that they were rightfully their own nation: the act severed their legal ties with Russia.

On November 15, 1917, the Finnish Parliament declared itself to be in power over Finland, but the Bolsheviks declared that Finland was still a Russian duchy. By December 18 of that same year, the Russian government finally recognized Finland’s independence. On December 22, the Russian ruling body officially approved it.

2. When is Finnish Independence Day?

the Finnish Flag

Each year, Finland celebrates its Independence Day on December 6. This is the date in 1917 that Finland was actually nominated to become independent from Russia.

3. How Does Finland Celebrate Independence Day?

The Castle Ball

1- Public Finnish Independence Day Celebrations & Events

For Finland, Independence Day is a solemn occasion. The holiday begins when Finns raise their national flag in the morning.

Many attend a general Christian church service at the Helsinki Cathedral. To mourn and honor the fallen, people visit the cemeteries, and university students perform torch processions through these cemeteries. The processions end in Helsinki’s Senate Square, where the celebrations begin. The ceremony includes speeches and performances of patriotic songs by academic male choirs.

The Defence Forces organize an annual Independence Day parade in various cities. It’s a large military parade where various units will march with their vehicles and tanks. Usually, the parade also includes a fly-over by the Finnish Air Force.

A special Independence Day party is organized for the disadvantaged in Helsinki, where they will receive a free lunch and clothing. Further, the movie The Unknown Soldier, which is a film by Edvin Laine about the war between Finland and the Soviet Union, is shown annually on TV.

2- Celebrations at Home & The Finnish Independence Day Ball

In homes, families take part in Finnish Independence Day traditions peacefully but solemnly. Two blue and white candles are lit in the windows to celebrate independence. Families also eat festive food and watch Independence Day celebrations on TV.

The highlight of the evening is the live televised Independence Day reception at the Presidential Palace. The guests invited to the Palace are among the most famous and distinguished people in Finland, ambassadors of different countries, and a selected group of ordinary citizens. The women invited to the Presidential Palace will invest in their evening gowns, and their rating is popular Independence Day entertainment for many people.

A total of about 1,800 guests will be invited to the Presidential Palace Independence Day celebrations. Approximately ten treats are reserved for each guest from the Palace delicacies. Nowadays, a microchip containing the personal information of the invitee is attached to the invitation cards for the Independence Day celebrations.

4. The First Celebrations

Do you know when the President of Finland organized the first Independence Day celebrations?

The first Independence Day Finland celebrated was held in 1919, when President Ståhlberg’s daughter Aino held a modest reception for 150 guests.

5. Essential Vocabulary for Finnish Independence Day

Blue and White Candles

Here’s some essential Finnish vocabulary to memorize before Independence Day!

  • Itsenäisyyspäivä — “Independence Day”
  • Käydä sankarihaudalla — “Visit war graves”
  • Soihtukulkue — “Torchlight procession”
  • Linnanjuhlat — “The Castle Ball”
  • laulaa Maamme-laulu — “Sing the National Anthem”
  • Jumalanpalvelus — “Service of worship
  • Lipunnosto — “Raising of the flag”
  • Itsenäisyyspäivän vastaanotto — “Presidential Independence Day reception”
  • Sytyttää kaksi sinivalkoista kynttilää ikkunalaudalle — “Light two blue and white candles on the windowsill”
  • Mannerheim-ristin Ritari — “Knight of the Mannerheim Cross”
  • Siniristilippu — “Flag of Finland”

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced and to read them alongside relevant images, visit our Finnish Independence Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

What are your thoughts on Finnish Independence Day celebrations? How do you celebrate Independence Day in your country? Let us know in the comments!

If you’re interested in learning even more about Finnish culture and history, you may enjoy the following pages on FinnishPod101.com:

Learning Finnish doesn’t have to be a boring or overwhelming process—with FinnishPod101.com, it can even be fun! If you’re serious about mastering the language, create your free lifetime account today and learn Finnish like never before!

Happy Finnish Independence Day! :)

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Finnish

FinnishPod101’s Essential Finnish Travel Phrase Guide

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Traveling to foreign countries is nearly always an exciting, enriching, and beneficial experience. Yet, some things can be real downers, such as boredom on a lengthy flight to Finland. Really, binge-watching onboard movies can only be interesting for so long! And jet lag - another huge downer. Did you know that jet lag is more severe when you travel from the West to the East?

Well, we won’t know how to beat that, but there are fortunately plenty of remedies around to investigate.

To beat flight boredom, though, we may have the answer for you at FinnishPod101! Why don’t you take the time to study Finnish travel phrases? We make this super easy and fun, with great downloadables, like our PDF Cheat Sheets. Quickly memorize these, and impress your Finnish friends or travel guide with your flawless Finnish!

Table of Contents

  1. Importance Of Learning Travel Phrases
  2. 13 Must-Have Travel Phrases and Words
  3. Good-To-Have Travel Phrases
  4. Ways To Improve Communication in a Foreign Country
  5. FinnishPod101 Can Help You Master Travel Phrases Easily and Effortlessly!

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1. Importance Of Learning Travel Phrases

Impressing Finnish people or your travel partners will be the least of the benefits you reap from learning these helpful phrases. These are greater ones:

1) Eliminate Travel Frustration: First of all, you’ll be able to cut out a good chunk of travel frustration and inconvenience due to language barriers.

Know how to pronounce and use at least the basic Finnish phrases, and then just look foreign. This should go a long way to help you get by and win you friends, because locals would be more inclined to help someone who took the trouble to learn a smidgen of their language.

Injured Woman In An Ambulance

2) Emergency Readiness: In case of an emergency, you will be able to get help a lot quicker if you know how to ask for what in Finnish. Imagine miming to a doctor or nurse that you have a sore ear but that you’re allergic to penicillin. Not so easy, right?

Rather, you should know basic emergency travel phrases, especially if you suffer from a serious condition. Also, information about life-threatening allergies you have should always be on your person in the language of the country you’re visiting.

3) Sight-Seeing Readiness: Hopefully, you also travel to learn more about a country’s culture. Visiting the main tourist sites in Finland will be more interesting if you know how to ask pertinent questions in Finnish.

In this blog, we’ll also be giving you important travel phrases to consider - from the 13 essential must-have phrases to ones that are just generally useful and good to know.

Let’s get cracking!


2. 13 Must-Have Travel Phrases and Words

Preparing to Travel

Seasoned explorers of multiple countries will tell you that certain words and phrases are absolute must-knows in anyone’s travel vocabulary. Learning from them, we collated some of the most essential ones here for you.

If you know these travel phrases and words by heart in Finnish, you will be much better equipped for your visit than most of your movie-binging travel mates.

1) Kiitos (Thank you)

As a tourist, you will be relying on the kindness of strangers to get by. Repay them with a small acknowledgment of their friendly generosity - know how to say “thank you” in Finnish.

2) Puhutteko englantia? (Do you speak English?)

While it may be a bit of a cop-out, sometimes you just can’t figure out how to communicate. Maybe you’re blanking on one specific word you need, maybe they’re speaking with a heavy accent, or maybe it’s just really late and you really want to get to the hotel. In that case, try asking if they speak English, and hopefully you can make things a little bit simpler for yourself.

Don’t abuse this phrase, though! If you just try to get by without learning any of the local language, not only will you not learn anything - you’ll be out of luck if they can’t speak English!

Man Greeting Someone

3) Meneekö lentokentältä bussia kaupunkiin? (Is there a bus from the airport to the city?)

Public transit is usually cheaper, if slower, than taking a taxi or rideshare. Use this phrase to see if you can get where you’re going when you’re strapped for cash, or just when you’d like to take the scenic route into town!

4) Onko tämä oikea bussi lentokentälle? (Is this the right bus for the airport?)

Likewise, if you’re the kind of person who can get themselves moving early (or maybe you just have a late flight), maybe you want to take the bus to the airport rather than taking a cab. If that’s the case, you’ll want to be sure you’re actually heading the right way! You wouldn’t want to end up at a lookout point half an hour away, watching your flight take off in the distance, would you?

5) Anteeksi, mitä matka maksaa? (Excuse me, what’s the fare?)

If you are paying for a cab, you’ll want to know how much. Most legal taxis will have meters, but when dealing with a currency you’re not familiar with, it can be worth asking just to double check that you’re paying the right amount - especially if the currency has cents.

6) Minulla on varaus (I have a reservation)

This one you can expect to use at least a few times throughout your trip, unless you’re the kind of person who travels by the seat of their pants and just goes to whatever hotel, motel, or hostel has rooms available.

7) Onko teillä vapaita huoneita tänä iltana? (Do you have any vacancies tonight?)

If that’s the case, you’ll definitely be using this phrase instead. Quite possibly a lot, depending on how lucky you are!

Couple with a Map

8 ) Missä on rautatie-asema? (Where is the train station?)

If you’re in a country with an expansive commuter rail system (or maybe just a fan of other types of locomotives), you may want to know where the closest station is. Just don’t go looking for pennies on the rails!

9) Olen allerginen maapähkinöille (I am allergic to peanuts)

Replace “peanuts” with whatever the word for your allergen may be. If your allergy is serious, you probably already know the importance of stating this very clearly in Finnish.

If the condition is life-threatening, be sure to have a letter or prescription from a medical professional in Finnish on your person at all times. Consider getting a medical alert bracelet specially made in Finnish if your stay will be longer than a month or so.

Person Declining Meat

10) Onko teillä mitään kasvisruokia? (Do you have any vegetarian dishes?)

If you dislike eating certain things, or you have certain dietary restrictions, it would be best if you knew how to convey this clearly in Finnish.

Remember, though, that saying “I’m vegan” or “I’m diabetic” may not be enough to get you what you want. The rules for veganism and vegetarianism are not standard everywhere in the world. Also, your patron might not understand what “diabetic” means. If you have a medical condition, it would be best to research some in-depth vocabulary beforehand.

11) Voisinko saada kartan? (Could I get a map?)

Planning on exploring your destination? Hopelessly lost? Maybe just an amateur cartographer? No matter the reason, this phrase is sure to come in handy. That said, you’re more likely to get use out of it at some sort of tourist or travel center than you are asking a random passerby on the street.

12) Paljonko tämä on? (How much is this?)

Even if you’re not a big shopper, you’re probably going to need this phrase at some point. Knowing how to count in Finnish will, of course, help a lot with purchases too.

13) Käykö teillä luottokortti? (Do you take credit card?)

This is another travel phrase that will smooth your monetary transactions considerably.

Man Giving Credit Card to a Clerk


3. Good-To-Have Travel Phrases

Travel Verbs

Unlike the previous phrases, these are not really essential so much as they are useful. Yet, knowing these will still smooth over some bumps on your journey, more than just knowing the crucial phrases would.

1) Onko Wi-Fi-ilmainen? (Is the Wi-Fi free?)

If you’re abroad, your normal cellular plans probably won’t have any service, and you’ll be totally reliant on publically available Wi-Fi while you’re out and about. Just ask a server, clerk, or attendant, and they’ll be happy to let you know. Just make sure you’re paying attention when they tell you the password!

2) Voisitko ottaa minusta kuvan? (Could you take a picture of me please?)

What would a trip be with no photos to commemorate the event? Just be sure to ask this of someone who actually looks like they’d be willing to, unless you’re willing to risk being given the cold shoulder or worse. If you’re at a tourist attraction, you’ll find that most people are more than happy to take one for you, so long as you take one of them as well!

3) Onko teillä mitään suosituksia? (Do you have any recommendations?)

Eating alone in a restaurant? Or going out with new Finnish friends or business colleagues? Let them help you decide what to have.

4) Haluaisin savuttoman istuinpaikan, kiitos (I’d like to have a non-smoking seat, please)

Though smoking has gone out of fashion in some places, it’s still popular in others. In the event you’re at a restaurant where smoking is allowed on premises, you can always ask this question to the staff and be seated elsewhere.

5) Vettä, kiitos (Water, please)

If you’ve emptied your glass, or are cutting yourself off after a few drinks, you can always ask for some water. It can be especially useful if the restaurant is busy to the point you need to call out to someone to get service.

6) Voisinko saada laskun? (Could I have the check?)

To finish off the restaurant related phrases, if you’re eating with friends or really want to impress your colleagues, taking the bill can be a nice treat for them. Of course, this phrase could come in handy as well if you’re eating alone and you’re just impatient to leave.

7) Mitä suosittelette matkamuistoksi? (What do you recommend for a souvenir?)

Now that your trip is over, what better way to cap it all off than a memento, or maybe a gift for friends and family at home? It’ll be nicer to have something recommended by the locals than a cheap bauble from the airport store, so go ahead and ask someone you’ve met what they think.


4. Ways To Improve Communication in a Foreign Country

Survival Phrases

When traveling, it’s possible to keep communication smooth when you don’t share a language.

Do so by keeping these five tips in mind. They are aimed to help you communicate with those who cannot speak English very well, and also to keep your traveling experience pleasant!

1. Keep your English simple and easy to understand.
If the person you are talking to speaks very little English, use basic verbs, adjectives, and nouns, and keep sentences short.

However, don’t patronize them by talking in pidgin or like you would address a child. Keep your speech simple but natural, and use the correct grammar.

For instance, don’t say: “You come when?”. If you say: “When will you come?”, you will very likely be understood, and may even help someone who wants to improve their English.

2. Ask someone to write information down.
Apply Rule 1 first at your hotel, where the staff is very likely to be able to speak some English. Get them to write down, in their native language, things like: “I would like to go to the airport, please,” “Please take me to the beach,” or “Where is the closest bathroom?”

These written questions are something you can then give to taxi drivers or any other people who are willing and able to help you. This simple step could make your life a lot easier when you travel to a foreign country!

3. Avoid asking leading questions!
If you want the correct information from a non-native English speaker, that is.

When you need directions, for instance, don’t ask: “To get to the bus stop, do I need to turn left here?” If the person didn’t really understand you, you will probably just get a smile and a “Yes,” which could possibly make you miss your bus.

Rather, you should ask: “Where is the bus stop?” If they understand you, you will get the correct directions.

4. Pick the right person to ask for help.
Time to look at people and think a bit about their appearance! A younger person who looks like they might be a student is more likely to have English skills than the friendly but ancient lady smiling at you from a fruit stall.

If you don’t see anyone like that, head into town to the nearest bank, hospital, pharmacy, or hotel. The staff at those places usually speak a bit of English.

5. Know when to quit.
If you stuck to the above rules, but the person you are talking to only stares at you blankly, say thank you and leave. Hanging around hoping someone will suddenly understand and respond is just wasting your time, and may irritate them as well. Go find someone else.


5. FinnishPod101 Can Help You Master Travel Phrases Easily and Effortlessly!

So, reader, have you found this article helpful?

Do you feel comfortable enough to use some essential travel phrases in Finnish? We’d also love to hear if you think we left out important travel phrases. Leave your suggestions and opinions in the comments!

FinnishPod101 takes the lead with many free learning tools to help you master Finnish reading and speaking easily, and in fun ways.

These tools include:

- An extensive vocabulary list, regularly updated
- A new Finnish word to learn every day
- Quick access to the Finnish Key Phrase List
- A free Finnish online dictionary
- The excellent 100 Core Finnish Word List
- An almost limitless Lesson Library for learners of all levels

You will also have access to topic-specific recordings like our Before You Travel: Survival Phrases lesson.

Learn even more efficiently with the help of a personal tutor, after taking an assessment test to personalize and tailor your training.

Getting a tutor is also a good option if you meet challenges in your learning, or need to fast-track correct pronunciation and diction. Your very own friendly, Finnish-speaking teacher will be only a text away on a special app, anywhere, anytime - an excellent option for business persons!

Using a guided learning system that was developed by experts in language and online education, you’ll receive personal feedback and constant support to improve in no time. You’ll also be tasked with weekly assignments in reading, writing, and speaking to hone your Finnish speaking skills.

Imagine how impressed your Finnish friends or colleagues will be when you display your excellent conversational skills! With FinnishPod101, getting there will be easy and fun.

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How to Use Finnish Numbers for Daily Usage

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Especially if you’re planning a prolonged visit to Finland, using the correct Finnish numbers for counting in Finnish could be very important! Number systems are the other alphabet in any language. In fact, it is a language all of its own, and it serves a multitude of excellent purposes.

Table of Contents

  1. A Brief History of Counting and Number Systems
  2. Why is it Important to Learn Finnish Numbers?
  3. Learning Finnish Numbers
  4. Why Choose FinnishPod101 to Learn all about Finnish Numbers?

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Count to One Billion in Finnish


1. A Brief History of Counting and Number Systems

Abacus

1. The Ishango Bone

The origin of counting, and with it numbers, is not clear to historians. While their art showed that prehistoric man had a concept of numbers, the first indication of a formal system was found to be only between 20,000 and 35,000 thousand years old. This discovery came around 1960 in the form of the so-called Ishango Bone found in the Congo, Central Africa.

The 10cm/4 inch piece of bone was a fibula from a baboon. It showed markings with a neat, unified pattern of small lines - far too organized and sophisticated to have formed spontaneously. Archeologists believe that those thin markings were carved to keep score of, or count, something. The lines seemed to represent a sequence of prime numbers and a series of duplications. Some even called it the first-ever pocket calculator!

2. Mesopotamia and Greece

Yet, evidence suggests that it wasn’t until about 4,000 years ago that humans truly started counting and using numbers. Together with the development of civilization came developed agriculture, and the need for measurement and score-keeping was increased.

For this reason, a formal number system and mathematics were developed first in the Middle East, in what was then called Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia was roughly situated in the area of modern-day Iraq and Kuwait. Allegedly, the system was pretty simple at first. Citizens used tokens that represented a certain number of items, such as one token equalling four goats, etc. This eventually evolved into a system of score marks pressed into clay, which ultimately went on to influence Greek mathematics.

3. Hindu-Arabic Numbers

Zero, meanwhile, was conceived later and elsewhere. Inspired by the Hindu religion, which allows for the concept of infinity and eternity, the Indians invented a symbol to represent nothing. The magic of the zero lies not in itself but its combination with other numbers.

The Indians were also the creators of today’s numbers, which are often referred to as Hindu-Arabic numbers. These comprise one or a combination of just ten symbols or digits: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 0.

Europe learned of this numeric system only around 1200 A.D., when they were introduced to it by an Italian mathematician called Leonardo Pisano Bigollo.

Pisano, also known as Fibonacci, is famous for the discovery of a mathematical sequence with countless applications. Yes, math buffs, it’s the well-known Fibonacci sequence, also called the Golden Mean.

The Roman numeric system, which was clumsy next to the newer inventions, gradually lost popularity in the West. It’s from here that they “slowly spread to conquer the world,'’ as Steven Law puts it.


2. Why is it Important to Learn Finnish Numbers?

For us at FinnishPod101, this is an easy question to answer! Because we know that numbers are a global unifier.

Counting and numbers have made our lives easier since they were first formulated, even in their most primitive forms.

Numbers in Industry

Without knowing your numbers, you can’t properly communicate about or deal with the following:

1) Your date/time of birth, i.e., your age: This is vital information to be able to give to people like doctors, employers, law enforcement, and so forth.

2) Banking: Worldwide, our monetary systems are built on numbers. Interest, credit scores, and loans all rely on math beyond simple finger counting.

3) Time: Without knowing how to say numbers, you can’t talk or ask about the time and expect to get a useful response. You don’t want to miss an appointment or schedule something for the wrong hour!

4) Ordering data: Numbers bring order to a mostly random life! Scientists even say that numbers and the way they are organized underpin the whole universe. From using them to count your meals’ calories and the number of likes your posts get on social media, to drawing up intricate data charts and explaining existence itself - numbers are what makes these things possible.

All of the above and more are reasons why it is important to know your numbers if you plan on travelling or becoming a foreign worker abroad, in Finland or anywhere else!

Little Girl Counting


3. Learning Finnish Numbers

Now, let’s explore the Finnish number system a bit more! Take a look at this infographic.

Language Numbers

Can you make out for yourself what the Finnish numbers between one (1) and nine (9) look and sound like? Easy, right?

Or, if you struggled a bit, no problem. Why not listen to how Finnish numbers one (1) through ten (10) sound when pronounced by our native Finnish speaker and friendly FinnishPod101 teacher?

Then, share with us in the comments your native language’s romanized pronunciation of your number system. We’d love to see all the different ways the same numbers can be pronounced!

Hand With a Thumbs Up

When you have mastered the first ten numbers, you have basically nailed the most significant part of the number system. Well done! Curious to learn the numbers from eleven upward? No problem! Why not subscribe and enroll with us now to immediately enjoy this lesson, teaching you all about Finnish numbers eleven (11) to one hundred (100)?

Finally, if you’re curious how the numbers look once you’ve broken one hundred, why not check out our Finnish number vocabulary page? You can see the numbers we’ve just covered, all the way up to four thousand (4,000). Plus, you can also see the Finnish words for different numbers used in example sentences, to get an idea of how you can use them in your day-to-day conversations!


4. Why Choose FinnishPod101 to Learn all about Finnish Numbers?

FinnishPod101, like all Innovative Language Learning ventures, takes the pain out of learning a new language by adding a lot of fun. It’s never an easy thing to learn a new language, but we formulated all your lessons so they’re nicely bite-sized, and geared to keep you motivated!

Also, we created a great number of fantastic tools to help keep struggle and boredom out of the learning process.

  • Fun and Easy Learning: It’s a commonly-known fact that when learning is made easy and fun, student motivation rises. And as motivation rises, so does the effort to learn - what a beautiful cycle! FinnishPod101’s language learning system is designed to get you speaking from the onset. Learn at your own convenience and pace with our short, effective, and fun audio podcast lessons. Our Learning Center is comprehensive and state-of-the-art, with a vibrant user community to connect with! Our lessons are recorded with native hosts and voice actors, providing a diverse range of dialects in your lessons. You can be confident that native speakers will understand you when speaking Finnish!
  • Innovative Learning Tools and Apps: We make it our priority to offer you the best learning tools! These include apps for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Mac OSX; eBooks for Kindle, Nook, and iPad; audiobooks; Roku TV and so many more. This means that we took diverse lifestyles into account when we developed our courses, so you can learn anywhere, anytime on a device of your choice. How innovative!
  • Free Resources: Sharing is caring, and for this reason, we share many free resources with our students. For instance, start learning Finnish with our basic online course by creating a lifetime account - for free! Also get free daily and iTunes lessons, free eBooks, free mobile apps, and free access to our blog and online community. Or how about free Vocabulary Lists? The Finnish dictionary is for exclusive use by our students, also for free. There’s so much to love about FinnishPod101…!
  • Live Hosts and One-on-One Learning: Knowledgeable, energetic hosts present recorded video lessons, and are available for live teaching experiences if you upgrade. This means that in the videos, you get to watch them pronounce those tongue-twisters as if you’re learning live! Add octane to your learning by upgrading to Premium Plus, and learn two times faster. You can have your very own Finnish teacher always with you, ensuring that you learn what you need, when you need to - what a wonderful opportunity to master a new language in record time!
  • Start Where You Are: You don’t know a single Finnish word? Not to worry, we’ve absolutely got this. Simply enroll in our Absolute Beginner Pathway and start speaking from Lesson 1! As your learning progresses, you can enroll in other pathways to match your Finnish level, at your own pace, in your own time, in your own place!

So, why wait? Sign up with FinnishPod101 right away! Also, let us know in the comments if you’ve used this blog post, or any of the free lessons anywhere to master Finnish numbers. Or, even better - share your birthdate using what you’ve learned!

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How To Post In Perfect Finnish on Social Media

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You’re learning to speak Finnish, and it’s going well. Your confidence is growing! So much so that you feel ready to share your experiences on social media—in Finnish.

At Learn Finnish, we make this easy for you to get it right the first time. Post like a boss with these phrases and guidelines, and get to practice your Finnish in the process.

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1. Talking about Your Restaurant Visit in Finnish

Eating out is fun, and often an experience you’d like to share. Take a pic, and start a conversation on social media in Finnish. Your friend will be amazed by your language skills…and perhaps your taste in restaurants!

Juha eats at a restaurant with his friends, posts an image of the group, and leaves this comment:

POST

Let’s break down Juha’s post.

Lämmin suositus! Tästä ravintolasta saa mahtavaa sushia.
“A warm recommendation! You can get awesome sushi from this restaurant.”

1- Lämmin suositus!

First is an expression meaning “A warm recommendation!”
The first word means “warm,” and the second word means “recommendation.” You can use this expression whenever you want to recommend something or someone in a warm-hearted, empathetic way.

2- Tästä ravintolasta saa mahtavaa sushia.

Then comes the phrase - “You can get awesome sushi from this restaurant..”
You can use the expression, which means “You can get awesome…from this…”, to say you can find or buy something great from a shop or a restaurant. Sushi is quite trendy and popular in Finland, but as it isn’t a Finnish dish, not everyone has tried it. Also, usually only the bigger cities in Finland have sushi restaurants.

COMMENTS

In response, Juha’s friends leave some comments.

1- Nam! Näyttää herkulliselta.

His friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “Yum! Looks delicious.”
Use this expression to show you are appreciative of the food depicted in the photo.

2- En ole koskaan maistanut, mutta näyttää mielenkiintoiselta. Mukavaa iltaa!

His neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “I have never tasted it, but it looks interesting. Have a nice evening!”
Use this expression to share personal information about the food, and wish the poster a pleasant experience.

3- Ehkä Juha viet tytöt joskus tuonne syömään?

His college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “Perhaps, Juha, you will take the girls to eat there sometime?”
Use this question only if you know the poster well - in context, you want the poster to take someone to the same restaurant.

4- Mennään kaikki yhdessä joku ilta!

His girlfriend, Anne, uses an expression meaning - “Let’s all go together some evening!”
Use this expression to show you are feeling sociable and would like to get together with the poster.

VOCABULARY

Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • suositus: “recommendation”
  • mahtava: “awesome”
  • näyttää joltakin: “to look like something”
  • maistaa (taste): “to taste”
  • mielenkiintoinen (interesting): “interesting”
  • mukava (nice): “nice”
  • yhdessä: “absolutely”
  • So, let’s practice a bit. If a friend posted something about having dinner with friends, which phrase would you use?

    Now go visit a Finnish restaurant, and wow the staff with your language skills!

    2. Post about Your Mall Visit in Finnish

    Another super topic for social media is shopping—everybody does it, most everyone loves it, and your friends on social media are probably curious about your shopping sprees! Share these Finnish phrases in posts when you visit a mall.

    Anne goes shopping with her sister at the mall, posts an image of the two of them together, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Anne’s post.

    Shoppailuterapiaa siskon kanssa! Upeita löytöjä.
    “Shopping therapy with my sister! Great findings.”

    1- Shoppailuterapiaa siskon kanssa!

    First is an expression meaning “Shopping therapy with sister!”
    The first word comes directly from the English phrase “shopping therapy.” You can use it in a playful way to describe time spent shopping as therapeutic.

    2- Upeita löytöjä.

    Then comes the phrase - “Great findings..”
    This expression is in the plural form. The first word means “great” or “fantastic.” The second word means “findings,” but when talking about shopping, it can also refer to “bargains.”

    COMMENTS

    In response, Anne’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Säästäkää jotakin mullekin!

    Her high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “Please, spare something for me too!”
    Use this expression to be funny and tease the poster a bit.

    2- Älä tuhlaa liikaa…

    Her boyfriend, Juha, uses an expression meaning - “Don’t spend too much…”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling concerned about the poster’s spending habits. But usually, this is not a topic you would discuss seriously on social media, so it serves more as a comment just to make conversation.

    3- Muista ostaa Juhalle tuliaisia!

    Her college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “Remember to buy some souvenirs for Juha!”
    Use this expression when you want to contribute to the conversation with a suggestion.

    4- Olette varmasti löytäneet kauniita vaatteita. Pitäkää hauskaa!

    Her neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “I’m sure you found some beautiful clothes. Have fun!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling warmhearted and wish the shoppers well.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • shoppailuterapia: “shopping therapy”
  • löytö: “finding”
  • säästää: “to spare”
  • mullekin: “for me too (spoken language)”
  • tuliainen: “souvenir”
  • kommentti: “comment”
  • löytää: “to find”
  • vaate: “a piece of clothing”
  • So, if a friend posted something about going shopping, which phrase would you use?

    3. Talking about a Sport Day in Finnish

    Sport events, whether you’re the spectator or the sports person, offer fantastic opportunities for great social media posts. Learn some handy phrases and vocabulary to start a sport-on-the-beach conversation in Finnish.

    Juha plays with his friends at the beach, posts an image of the team, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Juha’s post.

    Tänään rantalentistä poikien kanssa. Vierivä kivi ei sammaloidu!
    “Today, beach volley with the boys. The rolling stone gathers no moss!”

    1- Tänään rantalentistä poikien kanssa.

    First is an expression meaning “Today beach volley with the boys. .”
    Finns often refer to their male friends as “boys,” even when they’re already adults. The word for “volleyball” used here is actually a shortened version and a common nickname for the sport.

    2- Vierivä kivi ei sammaloidu!

    Then comes the phrase - “The rolling stone gathers no moss!”
    Unlike in English, in Finnish this common phrase is an appreciation of an active and energetic lifestyle. The first word means “rolling,” the second “stone”, and the third and fourth words together mean “does not gather moss.”

    COMMENTS

    In response, Juha’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Koita osua palloon!

    His college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “Try to hit the ball!”
    Use this expression when you’re joking with the poster’s sport abilities.

    2- Taitaa olla myöhäistä…

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Elias, uses an expression meaning - “I think it’s too late…”
    Use this expression if you are feeling concern over the time of the day.

    3- Upeaa! Kiva että viihdytte ulkona.

    His friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “Fantastic! It’s nice that you’re enjoying the outdoors.”
    Use this expression to partake in the conversation with general, pleasant comments.

    4- Haluatteko poikien kanssa saunaan pelin jälkeen? Voin laittaa sen päälle.

    His girlfriend, Anne, uses an expression meaning - “Do you want to go to the sauna with the boys after the game? I can switch it on.”
    This is a sentence that’s dependent on context and your relationship with the poster. The action, however, shows care and concern.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • rantalentis: “beach volley”
  • vieriä: “to roll”
  • sammaloitua: “to become mossy”
  • osua: “to hit”
  • myöhäinen: “late”
  • viihtyä: “to enjoy”
  • kanssa: “with”
  • laittaa päälle: “to switch on “
  • Which phrase would you use if a friend posted something about sports?

    But sport is not the only thing you can play! Play some music, and share it on social media.

    4. Share a Song on Social Media in Finnish

    Music is the language of the soul, they say. So, don’t hold back—share what touches your soul with your friends!

    Anne shares a song she just heard at a party, posts an image of the artist, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Anne’s post.

    Ihana biisi, mitä kuuntelin eilen koko illan.
    “A wonderful tune that I listened to the whole evening yesterday.”

    1- Ihana biisi

    First is an expression meaning “A wonderful tune.”
    The first word means “wonderful” or “lovely.” The second is a colloquial word for “song.” This is used most often by young people or people in the music industry.

    2- mitä kuuntelin eilen koko illan.

    Then comes the phrase - “which I listened to the whole evening yesterday..”
    This sentence is in the past tense. After the relative pronoun, the first word is “I listened to”. The second word is “yesterday.” The third word is “whole,” and the last word means “evening.” The last word is in the genitive case. You can change the sentence by using another indication of time.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Anne’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Söpö laulaja!

    Her high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “Cute singer!”
    Use this expression to share an opinion that agrees with the poster’s.

    2- Hänen keikalle olisi kiva mennä.

    Her high school friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “It would be nice to go to his gig.”
    Use this expression when you also like the music and express a wish to experience the artist live.

    3- Minä en ymmärrä nykymusiikkia enää ollenkaan..

    Her supervisor, Hannu, uses an expression meaning - “I don’t understand contemporary music at all anymore…”
    Use this expression to share an opinion that doesn’t agree with the poster’s. This is probably what an older person would comment about the music.

    4- Tämä biisi on jo tosi vanha!

    Her nephew, Elias, uses an expression meaning - “This song is already really old!”
    This is another personal opinion, which is also different from the poster’s. It’s more likely the thing a younger, trendy person would say about the music.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • ihana: “lovely, wonderful”
  • biisi: “song”
  • kuunnella: “to listen”
  • söpö: “cute”
  • keikka: “gig”
  • nykymusiikki: “contemporary music”
  • ollenkaan: “at all”
  • tosi: “really”
  • Which song would you share? And what would you say to a friend who posted something about sharing music or videos?

    Now you know how to start a conversation about a song or a video on social media!

    5. Finnish Social Media Comments about a Concert

    Still on the theme of music—visiting live concerts and shows just have to be shared with your friends. Here are some handy phrases and vocab to wow your followers in Finnish!

    Juha goes to a concert, posts an image of the band, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Juha’s post.

    Basso raikaa, nyt rokataan!
    “The bass is blaring. Let’s rock!”

    1- Basso raikaa

    First is an expression meaning “The bass is blaring.”
    The first word is direct from English and, naturally, means “bass.” The second word is an old verb, which means “to blare.” This refers to hearing loud music or other sounds. It’s also used almost only in the third person singular.

    2- nyt rokataan!

    Then comes the phrase - “let’s rock!.”
    The first word means “now,” and the second is the passive tense of the verb “to rock.” You can use this expression, for example, when you’re in a fun, laidback situation with friends and are about to start an energetic activity.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Juha’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Eikä! Mahtavaa!

    His friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “No way! That’s great!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling optimistic.

    2- Ostit kuitenkin varmasti korvatulpat.

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Elias, uses an expression meaning - “Nonetheless, you surely bought earplugs.”
    Use this expression if you think the music is too loud and not good for a person’s hearing. It’s a suggestion to the poster.

    3- Tuun ensi kerralla mukaan!

    His college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “I’m coming along next time!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling eager to join the poster next time.

    4- Älä riehu liikaa…

    His girlfriend, Anne, uses an expression meaning - “Don’t rave too much…”
    This comment is expressing a concern for the poster’s wellbeing.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • raikua: “to blare”
  • rokata: “to rock”
  • eikä: “no way”
  • kuitenkin: “nonetheless”
  • varmasti: “surely”
  • korvatulpat: “ear plugs”
  • ensi kerralla: “next time”
  • riehua: “to rave”
  • If a friend posted something about a concert , which phrase would you use?

    6. Talking about an Unfortunate Accident in Finnish

    Oh dear. You broke something by accident. Use these Finnish phrases to start a thread on social media. Or maybe just to let your friends know why you are not contacting them!

    Anne accidentally breaks her mobile phone, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Anne’s post.

    Voi itku, kännykkä on mäsänä! Minut tavoittaa toistaiseksi siis vain somen ja sähköpostin kautta.
    “Oh no, my phone is smashed! For now, you can only reach me through social media and e-mail.”

    1- Voi itku, kännykkä on mäsänä!

    First is an expression meaning “Oh no, my mobile phone is smashed! .”
    The first two words of the sentence are a phrase expressing frustration and vexation when encountering a surprising, negative incident. The first word means “oh,” and the second word means “cry.” The third word is a kind of a nickname, a common colloquial name for a mobile phone. The last word of the sentence is a spoken language word for something that is broken or shattered.

    2- Minut tavoittaa toistaiseksi siis vain somen ja sähköpostin kautta.

    Then comes the phrase - “So for now, you can reach me only through social media and e-mail..”
    Social media is commonly referred to in Finland using the first two initials of each word: S-O and M-E.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Anne’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Mitä tapahtui?

    Her boyfriend, Juha, uses an expression meaning - “What happened?”
    Use this expression if you would like more information about the incident the poster describes.

    2- Voi ei! Korvaako vakuutus?

    Her friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “Oh no! Does the insurance cover it?”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling sorry for the poster about the incident, and want to know more details.

    3- Voi miten kurjaa!

    Her neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “Oh, how miserable!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling sympathy for the poster’s plight.

    4- Siis tuhosit taas yhden puhelimen. Aikamoinen terminaattori.

    Her nephew, Elias, uses an expression meaning - “So you destroyed another phone yet again. Quite the terminator.”
    Use this expression to employ a bit of sarcasm in a humorous way.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • itku: “cry”
  • kännykkä: “mobile phone”
  • mäsä: “broken”
  • some: “social media”
  • sähköposti: “e-mail”
  • korvata: “to compensate”
  • vakuutus: “insurance”
  • aikamoinen: “quite the”
  • If a friend posted something about having broken something by accident, which phrase would you use?

    So, now you know how to describe an accident in Finnish. Well done!

    7. Chat about Your Boredom on Social Media in Finnish

    Sometimes, we’re just bored with how life goes. And to alleviate the boredom, we write about it on social media. Add some excitement to your posts by addressing your friends and followers in Finnish!

    Juha gets bored at home, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Juha’s post.

    Kuolen tylsyyteen… pakko keksiä jotakin tekemistä!
    “I’m dying of boredom… I must come up with something to do!”

    1- Kuolen tylsyyteen…

    First is an expression meaning “I’m dying of boredom….”
    The first word simply means “I am dying.” The second one means “of boredom.” This phrase isn’t meant seriously, of course; it’s just a playful exaggeration to say an experience is unbearable.

    2- pakko keksiä jotakin tekemistä!

    Then comes the phrase - “I must come up with something to do!”
    The first word is a noun for “compulsion.” Together with a verb, it can be used to express that you must do something. This expression is used relatively often in Finnish conversations.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Juha’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Tuu korjaamaan mun pyörä!

    His college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “Come and fix my bike!”
    Use this expression to joke with the poster and their situation.

    2- Olisiko tänään hyvä päivä pihatöille?

    His girlfriend, Anne, uses an expression meaning - “Would today be a good day for yardwork?”
    This is another expression that could be meant as a joke, or, in this context, perhaps the girlfriend is a bit serious about the suggestion?!

    3- Aina voi opiskella!

    His supervisor, Hannu, uses an expression meaning - “You can always study!”
    Use this expression to suggest another activity for the poster.

    4- Ota kerrankin vain rennosti! Katso joku hyvä elokuva?

    His friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “For once, just take it easy! Maybe watch a good movie?”
    Use this expression to suggest a leisurely activity to alleviate the poster’s boredom.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • kuolla: “to die”
  • tylsyys: “boredom”
  • pakko: “must”
  • tekeminen: “doing”
  • korjata: “to fix”
  • pihatyöt: “yardwork”
  • ottaa rennosti: “to take easy”
  • elokuva: “movie”
  • If a friend posted something about being bored, which phrase would you use?

    Still bored? Share another feeling and see if you can start a conversation!

    8. Exhausted? Share It on Social Media in Finnish

    Sitting in public transport after work, feeling like chatting online? Well, converse in Finnish about how you feel, and let your friends join in!

    Anne feels exhausted after a long day at work, posts an image of herself looking tired, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Anne’s post.

    Vitsi mikä päivä! Aivot ei toimi enää ollenkaan. Kauhea nälkä.
    “Oh man, what a day! My brain doesn’t function at all anymore. So hungry.”

    1- Vitsi mikä päivä! Aivot ei toimi enää ollenkaan.

    First is an expression meaning “Oh man what a day! My brain doesn’t function at all anymore.”
    The first two words of the first sentence, together with a noun, are a common way to sigh and exclaim something. Literally, the first word means “joke,” but in this context it’s emphasizing how awful or good something has been. Also, it’s relatively common in Finland to say one’s brain is not working anymore when one is very tired.

    2- Kauhea nälkä.

    Then comes the phrase - “So hungry…”
    The first word means “terrible,” and the second word means “hunger” or “famine.” This is an often heard phrase from someone who is very hungry. You can also replace the second word with another noun, for example “fatigue”, “väsymys”, to express how terribly tired you are.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Anne’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Pistä Juha kokkaamaan ja antamaan sinulle niska-hartiahieronta!

    Her high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “Make Juha cook and give you a neck and shoulder massage!”
    Use this suggestion to show you’re caring about the poster’s predicament.

    2- Palautumisia! Yritä ottaa rauhallisemmin.

    Her neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “Try to recover! Try to take it easy.”
    These are also warmhearted, well-intended advice to the poster.

    3- Älä valita vaan tee ruokaa.

    Her nephew, Elias, uses an expression meaning - “Don’t complain, just make some food.”
    Use this expression to joke with the poster in a somewhat bossy, insulting way. Probably best reserved only for people who knows you well enough to understand you’re joking.

    4- Huomenna otat kevyemmin.

    Her boyfriend, Juha, uses an expression meaning - “Tomorrow you’re going to take it (more) lightly.”
    Use this expression to show you care about the poster’s situation, and to make a positive, supportive suggestion.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • aivot: “brains”
  • toimia: “to function”
  • ollenkaan: “at all”
  • kauhea: “terrible”
  • nälkä: “hunger”
  • Palautumisia!: “Try to recover!”
  • ottaa rauhallisesti: “to take it easy”
  • ottaa kevyesti: “to take it lightly”
  • If a friend posted something about being exhausted, which phrase would you use?

    Now you know how to say you’re exhausted in Finnish! Well done.

    9. Talking about an Injury in Finnish

    So life happens, and you manage to hurt yourself during a soccer game. Very Tweet-worthy! Here’s how to do it in Finnish.

    Juha suffers a serious injury, posts an image of himself in a cast, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Juha’s post.

    Nyt kävi näin. Ainakin neljä viikkoa kipsissä. Aika parantaa haavat, eikö niin?
    “So, this happened. At least four weeks in a cast. Time heals wounds, doesn’t it?”

    1- Nyt kävi näin. Ainakin neljä viikkoa kipsissä.

    First is an expression meaning - “So this happened. At least four weeks in a cast.”
    The first sentence says something significant has happened, in a relatively ironic, dryly humorous way. Literally, it means “now this happened”.

    2- Aika parantaa haavat, eikö niin?

    Then comes the phrase - “Time heals wounds, doesn’t it?.”
    The first part is a common and traditional proverb, literally meaning that all healing takes time. It can be used when something bad has happened to someone, to comfort them and to remind that things will get better gradually.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Juha’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Hurjannäköistä!

    His college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “Looks fierce!”
    Use this expression to show your sympathy with modern slang. It means that the injury looks serious.

    2- Voi itku! Sattuuko paljon?

    His girlfriend, Anne, uses an expression meaning - “Oh no! Does it hurt much?”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling sorry for the poster, and want to know more details.

    3- Mitä möhlit tällä kertaa?

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Elias, uses an expression meaning - “So what did you blunder this time?”
    Use this expression to be sympathetic in a slightly sarcastic, humorous way. Again, probably best not to use this with someone who doesn’t know your style well.

    4- Harmin paikka. Nyt vain paljon lepoa!

    His neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “Such a pity. Now just rest a lot!”
    Use this expression to show sympathy and to make a supportive suggestion.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • nyt: “now”
  • aika: “hour, time”
  • parantaa: “to heal”
  • haava: “wound”
  • sattua: “to hurt”
  • möhliä: “to blunder”
  • tällä kertaa: “this time”
  • lepo: “rest”
  • If a friend posted something about being injured, which phrase would you use?

    We love to share our fortunes and misfortunes; somehow that makes us feel connected to others.

    10. Starting a Conversation Feeling Disappointed in Finnish

    Sometimes things don’t go the way we planned. Share your disappointment about this with your friends!

    Anne feels disappointed about today’s weather, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Anne’s post.

    Ihan kamala keli! Piti ajaa kieli keskellä suuta.
    “Just horrible weather! I had to drive super careful.”

    1- Ihan kamala keli!

    First is an expression meaning “Just horrible weather!”
    The second word means “terrible” or “horrible,” and the third word means “weather”. The first word is an adverb meaning “right” or “quite”. Here it underlines just how terrible the weather is.

    2- Piti ajaa kieli keskellä suuta.

    Then comes the phrase - “I had to drive super careful”.
    This sentence literally means “I had to drive with my tongue in the middle of my mouth.” This is an expression of that means that you really have to pay attention, concentrate on something, and be very careful.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Anne’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Onneksi olet ehjänä perillä.

    Her neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “Luckily you made it home in one piece.”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling grateful about the poster’s safety.

    2- Hui! Onneksi pääsit turvallisesti kotiin! Minä lensin jo aamulla nenälleni.

    Her high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “Yikes! Fortunately, you got home safely! I fell flat on my face already in the morning…”
    Use this expression to show empathy with the poster, and share a personal detail too.

    3- Täydellinen sää harjoitella jäällä ajamista.

    Her nephew, Elias, uses an expression meaning - “It’s the perfect weather to practice driving on ice.”
    Use this expression to partake in the conversation by sharing information.

    4- Olkaahan kaikki varovaisia tänään liikenteessä.

    Her boyfriend, Juha, uses an expression meaning - “Please be careful in traffic today, everyone.”
    Use this expression to remind everyone of something for their own safety.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • kamala: “horrible”
  • keli: “weather”
  • kieli: “tongue”
  • onneksi: “fortunately”
  • lentää nenälleen: “to fall flat on one’s face (lit. to fly on one’s nose)”
  • harjoitella: “to practice”
  • varovainen: “careful”
  • liikenne: “traffic”
  • How would you comment in Finnish when a friend is disappointed?

    Not all posts need to be about a negative feeling, though!

    11. Talking about Your Relationship Status in Finnish

    Don’t just change your relationship status in Settings, talk about it!

    Juha changes his status to “In a relationship”, posts an image of him and Anne, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Juha’s post.

    Askel eteenpäin. Tässä on se kauniimpi osapuoli.
    “One step forward. Here is my more beautiful half.”

    1- Askel eteenpäin.

    First is an expression meaning “One step forward. .”
    The first word means “step,” and the second word means “forward.” You can use this expression when you’ve made progress with something.

    2- Tässä on se kauniimpi osapuoli.

    Then comes the phrase - “Here is the more beautiful half..”
    This is a relatively common phrase in Finland, as Finnish men sometimes refer to their girlfriends or wives as being the more beautiful person of the couple.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Juha’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Hienoa! Onnea!

    His friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “Great! Congratulations!”
    Use this expression to show your enthusiasm about the news, and congratulate the couple in a traditional way.

    2- No vihdoinkin!

    His college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “Well finally!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling playful and frivolous, but positive about the news.

    3- Tätä on odotettu… Onnea ihanat!

    His high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “This was expected… Congratulations lovelies!”
    Use this expression to show your approval of the couple’s new status, and congratulate them using a term of endearment.

    4- Kiitos kaikille ja kiitos kulta kehuista!

    His girlfriend, Anne, uses an expression meaning - “Thank you, everyone. And thank you, sweety, for the praise!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling appreciative of the posters’ comments, as well as your partner’s praise.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • askel: “step”
  • eteenpäin: “forward”
  • kaunis: “beautiful”
  • vihdoinkin: “finally”
  • odottaa: “to wait”
  • ihana: “lovely”
  • kulta: “sweety”
  • kehu: “praise”
  • What would you say in Finnish when a friend changes their relationship status?

    Being in a good relationship with someone special is good news - don’t be shy to spread it!

    12. Post about Getting Married in Finnish

    Wow, so things got serious, and you’re getting married. Congratulations! Or, your friend is getting married, so talk about this in Finnish.

    Anne is getting married today, so she leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Anne’s post.

    Yllätys!! Karkasimme vihille!
    “Surprise!! We eloped!”

    1- Yllätys!!

    First is an expression meaning “Surprise!!”
    You can use this word in any kind of situation where you want to share unexpected news.

    2- Karkasimme vihille!

    Then comes the phrase - “We eloped!”
    The first word literally means “we escaped.” The second word means “to marriage.” Therefore, this phrase can be used when someone has gotten married without telling anyone.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Anne’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Olen virallisesti maailman onnellisin mies.

    Her husband, Juha, uses an expression meaning - “I’m officially the happiest man in the world.”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling happy with your marriage partner.

    2- Ette ole tosissanne!! Onnea hurjasti!

    Her high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “You’re not serious!! Huge congratulations!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling surprised by the news, but are still excited and pleased about it.

    3- Ihanaa! Kaunis morsian, upea puku ja komea sulhanen!

    Her friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “Wonderful! Beautiful bride, gorgeous dress, and handsome groom!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling appreciative and happy for the bride about the news, as well as the groom’s appearance.

    4- Ohhoh! Lämpöiset onnittelut minultakin!

    Her neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “Wow! Warm congratulations from me as well!”
    This is also an expression of happy surprise, and a more traditional congratulation.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • yllätys: “surprise”
  • karata vihille: “to elope”
  • virallisesti: “officially”
  • onnellinen: “happy”
  • olla tosissaan: “to be serious”
  • upea: “gorgeous”
  • morsian: “bride”
  • sulhanen: “groom”
  • How would you respond in Finnish to a friend’s post about getting married?

    For the next topic, fast forward about a year into the future after the marriage…

    13. Announcing Big News in Finnish

    Wow, huge stuff is happening in your life! Announce it in Finnish.

    Juha finds out he and his wife are going to have a baby, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Juha’s post.

    Vauvauutisia! Isimies on onnellinen!

    “Baby news! Daddyman is happy!”

    1- Vauvauutisia!

    First is an expression meaning “Baby news!”
    This word is comprised of two parts, the first one meaning “a baby” and the second one meaning “news.” This word can be used when someone is announcing a pregnancy or the arrival of a new baby.

    2- Isimies on onnellinen!

    Then comes the phrase - “Daddyman is happy!”
    The first word in this sentence, meaning “daddyman”, is a neologism. It affectionately or ironically describes a man who’s a father, and is a quite popular word in social media, especially for people in their 20s or 30s.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Juha’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Onpa mahtava uutinen heti viikon aluksi, paljon onnea!

    His college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “Such great news right at the beginning of the week, congratulations!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling very happy about the news, and congratulate the expecting parents.

    2- Olen niin kovin onnellinen teidän puolestanne. Halauksia!

    His neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “I am so very happy for you. Hugs!”
    Another expression of happiness about the news.

    3- Onnea murut!

    His high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “Congratulations sweeties!”
    This is a short congratulation, using a term of endearment.

    4- Vau, onnea teille!

    His friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “Wow, congratulations to you!”
    As in the previous lesson, this expression of happy surprise and a congratulation is appropriate in this situation.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • vauva: “baby”
  • isi: “daddy”
  • onnellinen: “happy”
  • uutinen: “news”
  • kovin: “very”
  • teidän puolestanne: “on your behalf (pl.)”
  • halaus: “hug”
  • muru: “sweety”
  • Which phrase would you choose when a friend announces their pregnancy on social media?

    So, talking about a pregnancy will get you a lot of traction on social media. But wait till you see the responses to babies!

    14. Posting Finnish Comments about Your Baby

    Your bundle of joy is here, and you cannot keep quiet about it! Share your thoughts in Finnish.

    Anne plays with her baby, posts an image of the cutie pie, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Anne’s post.

    Mammalla on unet vähissä, mutta se ei haittaa kun vauva on tämmöinen rakkauspakkaus.
    “Mama doesn’t get enough sleep, but it doesn’t matter because the baby is such a love package.”

    1- Mammalla on unet vähissä

    First is an expression meaning “Mama doesn’t get enough sleep.”
    Literally, this sentence means “Mama has a short supply of sleep”. Sleep, dreams, and so on are sometimes treated as substances in the Finnish language. It’s something you can have a lot or little of. Modern mothers also sometimes playfully refer to themselves with the word “mama.”

    2- mutta se ei haittaa kun vauva on tämmöinen rakkauspakkaus.

    Then comes the phrase - “but it doesn’t matter as the baby is such a love package..”
    The last word, “love package”, is a commonly-used, playful word in social media to describe someone sweet, cute, and lovable. Usually it’s used in reference to babies, little children, or pets.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Anne’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Voi kun pääsisin pian halailemaan häntä! Niin suloinen pikkuinen.

    Her neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “Oh I wish I could come and cuddle him soon! Such a sweet little one.”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling very warmhearted and appreciative of the baby.

    2- Ihan Juhan näköinen!

    Her college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “He looks just like Juha!”
    Use this expression to share your opinion about who the baby resembles.

    3- Voi miten suloinen hän on.

    Her high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “Oh how cute he is.”
    Use this expression to indicate that you also feel positive about the baby.

    4- Apua miten söpö!

    Her friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “(Help) how cute!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling almost overwhelmed by the baby’s charms.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • mamma: “mama, mamma”
  • uni: “sleep”
  • vähissä: “in short supply”
  • tämmöinen: “of this short”
  • suloinen: “cute, sweet”
  • pikkuinen: “the little one”
  • jonkun näköinen: “looking like someone”
  • söpö: “cute”
  • If your friend is the mother or father, which phrase would you use on social media?

    Congratulations, you know the basics of chatting about a baby in Finnish! But we’re not done with families yet…

    15. Finnish Comments about a Family Reunion

    Family reunions - some you love, some you hate. Share about it on your feed.

    Juha goes to a family gathering, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Juha’s post.

    Pitkästä aikaa juhlat koko suvun kesken!
    “A party with the whole family after (such) a long time!”

    1- Pitkästä aikaa

    First is an expression meaning “After a long time.”
    This expression means “after a long time” or “long time no see.” This is a bit of a strange phrase, as the first word is the elative case of the word “long,” and the second word is the partitive case of the word “time”. Therefore, literally the expression would be “from the long time.” This expression can be used whenever something is happening after a long pause - be it meeting other people and greeting them with this expression, or simply explaining that you’re going somewhere after a long time.

    2- juhlat koko suvun kesken

    Then comes the phrase - “a party with the whole family.”
    The first word means “party”; the second word means “whole”; the third word in this context means “the extended family” - i.e. aunts, uncles, etc., - and the last word in this context means “amongst.” In some cases, the last word can mean “midst” or “inter-” something.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Juha’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Hauskoja juhlia!

    His neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “Have a fun party!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling warmhearted.

    2- Onpa teillä paljon ruokaa! Tuokaa mulle ylimääräiset!

    His high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “My, how much food you have! Bring me the extra!”
    Use these phrases to be humorous and want to participate in the conversation with funny suggestions.

    3- Onneksi pääsin mukaan. Mukava tutustua sukulaisiisi!

    His wife, Anne, uses an expression meaning - “Luckily I could come too. It’s nice to get to know your relatives!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling good about being part of the celebrations.

    4- Suku on pahin, vai miten se meni?

    His college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “Family is the worst, or how did it go?”
    Use this expression to use sarcasm in a humorous way.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • pitkästä aikaa: “after a long time”
  • suku: “family”
  • kesken: “amongst”
  • ruoka: “food”
  • ylimääräinen: “extra”
  • onneksi: “luckily”
  • tutustua: “to meet, to get to know”
  • pahin: “worst”
  • Which phrase is your favorite to comment on a friend’s photo about a family reunion?

    16. Post about Your Travel Plans in Finnish

    So, the family are going on holiday. Do you know how to post and leave comments in Finnish about being at the airport, waiting for a flight?

    Anne waits at the airport for her flight, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Anne’s post.

    Aikainen lintu madon nappaa. Tänään oli aikainen herätys, mutta tämä on sen arvoista!
    “Early bird catches the worm. It was an early wake-up today, but this is worth it!”

    1- Aikainen lintu madon nappaa.

    First is an expression meaning “Early bird catches the worm..”
    This traditional proverb is also well-known in Finland. The first word means “early”; the second word means “bird”; the third word is the genitive case of the word “worm”, and the fourth word is the verb “to catch” in the third person singular. You can use this proverb in situations where you have to wake up early or go somewhere early in order to achieve something.

    2- Tänään oli aikainen herätys,

    Then comes the phrase - “It was an early wake-up today”.
    The first word means “today”, the second word is the past tense of the verb ‘to be’, the third word means “early” and the fourth word is “wake-up”.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Anne’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Oho, minne matka?

    Her college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “Wow, where are you traveling to?”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling curious about the poster’s plans for holiday.

    2- Hyi, matoja - ei kiitos. Mutta ihanaa reissua!!

    Her high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “Ugh, worms - no thanks. But have a wonderful trip!!”
    Use this expression to be funny, but also positive.

    3- Nauti!

    Her friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “Enjoy!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling optimistic.

    4- Koita nukkua lentokoneessa.

    Her supervisor, Hannu, uses an expression meaning - “Try to sleep on the plane.”
    Use this expression to give advice you think the poster might find valuable.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • aikainen: “early”
  • herätys: “wake-up”
  • sen arvoinen: “worth it”
  • minne: “where”
  • matka: “road, way, journey”
  • hyi: “ugh”
  • koittaa: “to try”
  • lentokone: “airplane”
  • Choose and memorize your best airport phrase in Finnish!

    Hopefully the rest of the trip is better!

    17. Posting about an Interesting Find in Finnish

    So maybe you’re strolling around at a local market, and find something interesting. Here are some handy Finnish phrases!

    Juha finds an unusual item at a local market, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Juha’s post.

    Löysin kotimaisen design-klassikon vitosella kirppikseltä. Ei paha.
    “I found a domestically designed classic for a fiver at a flea market. Not bad.”

    1- Löysin kotimaisen design-klassikon vitosella kirppikseltä.

    First is an expression meaning “I found a domestically designed classic for a fiver at a flea market..”
    People, especially young adults, in Finland love to treasure hunt in flea markets. Domestic design classics found at flea markets are considered to be the ultimate treasures! The second to last word here is kind of a nickname for five euros, and the last word is a commonly used abbreviation for “flea market.”

    2- Ei paha.

    Then comes the phrase - “Not bad.”
    A commonly used expression, especially among young adults and young men, “not bad” is used to express subdued and cool satisfaction and contentment. Sometimes it’s used with a sarcastic or ironic tone.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Juha’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Ihana aarre!

    His wife, Anne, uses an expression meaning - “A wonderful treasure!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling optimistic about the find.

    2- Vautsi! Tuo valaisin oli tosi edullinen löytö!

    His friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “Wow! That lamp was a very affordable find!”
    Another optimistic, positive comment.

    3- Vanhaa roinaa…

    His nephew, Elias, uses an expression meaning - “Old junk…”
    Use this expression to joke a bit with the poster, and/or if you are good friends and know one another well.

    4- Vanhemmillani on ollut samanlainen valaisin. Arvokas esine!

    His neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “My parents had a similar lamp. A valuable object!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling warmhearted.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • löytää: “to find”
  • kotimainen: “domestic”
  • design-klassikko: “design classic”
  • vitonen: “fiver”
  • kirppis: “flea market”
  • aarre: “treasure”
  • edullinen: “affordable”
  • roina: “junk”
  • Which phrase would you use to comment on a friend’s interesting find?

    Perhaps you will even learn the identity of your find! Or perhaps you’re on holiday, and visiting interesting places…

    18. Post about a Sightseeing Trip in Finnish

    Let your friends know what you’re up to in Finnish, especially when visiting a remarkable place! Don’t forget the photo.

    Anne visits a famous landmark, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Anne’s post.

    Pitkäaikainen haave toteutui tänään. Tämän lisäksi tiedossa aurinkoa, palmuja ja drinkkejä!
    “A long-time dream came true today. In addition to this, there will be sun, palm trees, and drinks!”

    1- Pitkäaikainen haave toteutui tänään.

    First is an expression meaning “A long-term dream came true today..”
    The first word is actually comprised of two parts, “long” and “time.” You can use this word to explain something has been going on for a long time.

    2- Tämän lisäksi tiedossa aurinkoa, palmuja ja drinkkejä!

    Then comes the phrase - “In addition to this, there will be sun, palm trees and drinks!”
    Autumn and winter in Finland is quite dark, long, and cold. Therefore, Finns love to travel to somewhere warm and sunny during these seasons. It’s common to brag about holiday leisures on social media. It’s also common to see other Finns reminding the holiday-goers about the miserable weather back home.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Anne’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Hieno paikka ja hieno kuva!

    Her college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “A great place and a great picture!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling appreciative of the poster’s photo and their destination.

    2- Ja täällä sataa räntää.

    Her high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “And it’s sleeting here.”
    Use this expression to share information about your own weather, if it’s snowing.

    3- Älä unohda tuliaisia!

    Her nephew, Elias, uses an expression meaning - “Don’t forget souvenirs!”
    Use this expression if you expect a gift from the poster when they’re back.

    4- Ensi kerralla minä tulen mukaan.

    Her husband, Juha, uses an expression meaning - “Next time I’m coming with you.”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling keen to join the poster on the next trip.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • pitkäaikainen: “long-term”
  • haave: “dream”
  • toteutua: “to come true”
  • aurinko: “sun”
  • paikka: “place”
  • räntä: “sleet”
  • tuliainen: “souvenir”
  • ensi kerralla: “next time”
  • Which phrase would you prefer when a friend posts about a famous landmark?

    Share your special places with the world. Or simply post about your relaxing experiences.

    19. Post about Relaxing Somewhere in Finnish

    So you’re doing nothing, yet you enjoy that too? Tell your social media friends about it in Finnish!

    Juha relaxes at a beautiful place, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Juha’s post.

    Viikonloppu alkaa rannalta. Kyllä nyt kelpaa.
    “The weekend begins at the beach. This will certainly do.”

    1- Viikonloppu alkaa rannalta.

    First is an expression meaning “The weekend begins at the beach..”
    For Finns, Friday is perhaps the most long-awaited day of the week. In summertime, many Finns head to beaches, parks, or their summerhouses right after work on Fridays to enjoy the lovely weather and relax.

    2- Kyllä nyt kelpaa.

    Then comes the phrase - “This will certainly do..”
    The last word of this sentence is a verb meaning “to pass muster.” This demotic phrase, even though it literally sounds modest, actually means something is exceptionally nice.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Juha’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Tulossa mahtava viikonloppu!

    His friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “It’s going to be an amazing weekend!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling optimistic about the weekend’s prospects.

    2- Mites huomenna? Menetkö taas rannalle? Voinko tulla mukaan?

    His college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “How about tomorrow? Are you going to the beach again? Can I tag along?”
    Use these questions to discuss possible plans with the poster.

    3- Hieno paikka.

    His supervisor, Hannu, uses an expression meaning - “A fine place.”
    Use this just to comment on the destination.

    4- Mukavaa viikonloppua!

    His neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “Have a nice weekend!”
    Use this expression to wish the poster a good weekend.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • viikonloppu: “weekend”
  • ranta: “beach “
  • kelvata: “to do, to be good enough”
  • mites: “how about (abbr.)”
  • mahtava: “amazing”
  • huomenna: “tomorrow”
  • hieno: “fine”
  • mukava: “nice”
  • Which phrase would you use to comment a friend’s feed?

    The break was great, but now it’s time to return home.

    20. What to Say in Finnish When You’re Home Again

    And you’re back! What will you share with friends and followers?

    Anne returns home after a vacation, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Anne’s post.

    Oma koti kullan kallis! Ihanaa olla taas kotona.
    “Home sweet home! It’s wonderful to be back home again.”

    1- Oma koti kullan kallis!

    First is an expression meaning “Home sweet home!”
    Literally, this phrase means “own home is worthy of gold.” It’s a traditional proverb that’s well-known in Finland.

    2- Ihanaa olla taas kotona.

    Then comes the phrase - “It’s wonderful to be back home again…”
    Even though Finns love to travel, they also love to stay home. House parties and get-togethers at people’s houses are very common in Finland, as the home is a place for relaxing and enjoying.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Anne’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Tervetuloa takaisin!

    Her husband, Juha, uses an expression meaning - “Welcome back!”
    Use this expression to make the poster feel welcome and at home from their trip.

    2- Toivottavasti oli kiva reissu.

    Her neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “I hope you had a nice trip.”
    Use this expression simply to partake in the conversation with positive comments. Sometimes this can be a good conversation starter too.

    3- Kiva että olet taas täällä!

    Her high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “(It’s) nice that you’re here again!”
    Use this expression to share your positive feelings about the poster’s return from holiday.

    4- Missä tuliaiset?

    Her nephew, Elias, uses an expression meaning - “Where’s the souvenirs?”
    Use this expression in a joking manner, continuing the theme of expecting a gift from the poster.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • oma: “own”
  • koti: “home”
  • kulta: “gold”
  • kallis: “dear”
  • tervetuloa: “welcome”
  • toivottavasti: “hopefully”
  • reissu: “trip”
  • kiva: “nice”
  • How would you welcome a friend back from a trip?

    What do you post on social media during a public holiday such as May Day?

    21. It’s Time to Celebrate in Finnish

    It’s a public holiday and you wish to post something about it on social media. What would you say?

    Juha is attending a May Day picnic, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Juha’s post.

    Vappupöytä koreana! Ullanlinnanmäellä ollaan!
    “(The) May Day table is dashing! We are at Ullanlinnanmäki!”

    1- Vappupöytä koreana!

    First is an expression meaning “May Day table is dashing!.”
    The first word is a combination of “May Day” - a popular spring festival on the 1st of May - and “table”. The word means the food offered at the festive May Day table. Having a festive picnic on the 1st of May is a tradition in Finland. The table isn’t always an actual table, but a blanket on the ground!

    The second word means “is dashing.” This expression is used especially when describing how abundant and versatile food is offered.

    2- Ullanlinnanmäellä ollaan!

    Then comes the phrase - “We are at Ullanlinnanmäki!.”
    The most popular place to gather for a May Day picnic is the Ullanlinnamäki hill in Kaivopuisto park in Helsinki. It’s also known by its nickname “Ullis”.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Juha’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Hauskaa vappua!

    His neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “Happy May Day!”
    This is the traditional May Day greeting.

    2- Säästäkää mulle nakkeja!

    His college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “Please spare some wieners for me!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling frivolous, just to partake in the conversation. Unless you’re serious about the instruction that some wieners be saved for you!

    3- Ulliksella nähdään!

    His friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “See you at Ullis!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling optimistic.

    4- Kohta nähdään. Tuon vappumunkkeja tullessani - ellen syö itse kaikkia!

    His high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “See you soon. I’m bringing May Day donuts with me - unless I eat all of them by myself!”
    Use this expression to be funny.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • vappupöytä: “May Day table”
  • korea: “dashing”
  • säästää: “to spare”
  • mulle: “for me (spoken lang.)”
  • nakki: “wiener”
  • vappu: “May Day”
  • kohta: “soon”
  • vappumunkki: “May Day donut”
  • If a friend posted something about a holiday, which phrase would you use?

    May Day and other public commemoration days are not the only special ones to remember!

    22. Posting about a Birthday on Social Media in Finnish

    Your friend or you are celebrating your birthday in an unexpected way. Be sure to share this on social media!

    Anne goes to her birthday party, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Anne’s post.

    Yllätyssynttärit! Kiitos kaikki ihanat!
    “A surprise birthday party! Thank you all, you lovelies!”

    1- Yllätyssynttärit!

    First is an expression meaning “A surprise birthday party!.”
    This word is a combination of two words: “surprise” and “birthday party”. You can combine the first part, “suprise”, with other nouns to create a word that describes something being unexpected.

    2- Kiitos kaikki ihanat!

    Then comes the phrase - “Thank you all you lovelies!”
    Especially young Finnish people, and females in particular, refer to their friends with numerous terms of endearment. The last word of this phrase is one of those. In this case, the adjective “lovely” has become a noun.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Anne’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Voi miten ihanaa! Hyvää syntymäpäivää!

    Her neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “Oh how wonderful! Happy Birthday!”
    Use this expression to congratulate the poster.

    2- Paljon onnea vielä, kaunotar!

    Her high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “Congratulations again, beauty!”
    Use this expression to be supportive and loving.

    3- Sinä vain kaunistut vuosi vuodelta!

    Her husband, Juha, uses an expression meaning - “You are becoming more beautiful year by year!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling very appreciative of your partner’s looks.

    4- Ällöttävää. Onneksi ei tarvinnut osallistua.

    Her nephew, Elias, uses an expression meaning - “Yucky. Fortunately I didn’t have to participate.”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling cynical, hopefully in a joking manner.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • yllätys: “surprise”
  • synttärit: “birthday”
  • kiitos: “thank you”
  • ihana: “lovely”
  • syntymäpäivä: “birthday”
  • kaunotar: “beauty”
  • kaunistua: “to become beautiful”
  • ällöttävä: “yucky”
  • If a friend posted something about birthday greetings, which phrase would you use?

    23. Talking about New Year on Social Media in Finnish

    Impress your friends with your Finnish New Year’s wishes this year. Learn the phrases easily!

    Juha celebrates the New Year, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Juha’s post.

    Poks ja kippis! Hyvää uutta vuotta ystävät!
    “Pop and cheers! Happy New Year, friends!”

    1- Poks ja kippis!

    First is an expression meaning “Pop and cheers!”
    The first word is an onomatopoeic word describing the sound of a champagne bottle opening. The second word is the Finnish equivalent for “cheers”. Opening a bottle of sparkling wine or champagne at midnight on New Year’s eve is a tradition for the majority of Finnish people.

    2- Hyvää uutta vuotta ystävät!

    Then comes the phrase - “Happy New Year friends!”
    This is a very common way to wish Happy New Year to your friends. The first three words, “good,” “new,” and “year,” are all in the partitive case. The last word means “friends”.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Juha’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Onnellista uutta vuotta!

    His college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “Happy New Year!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling friendly.

    2- Hauskaa uutta vuotta!

    His high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “Happy New Year!”
    Use this expression to greet people on this day in a traditional way.

    3- Kippis uudelle vuodelle!

    His friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “Cheers for the New Year!”
    This is a more informal New Year greeting and wish.

    4- Hyvää uutta vuotta! Teitkö uuden vuoden lupauksia?

    His neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “Happy New Year! Did you make any New Year’s resolutions?”
    Use these phrases when you want to start a conversation about New Year resolutions.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • kippis: “cheers”
  • hyvä: “good”
  • uusi vuosi: “New Year”
  • hauska: “fun”
  • ystävä: “friend”
  • tehdä: “to make”
  • uuden vuoden lupaus: “New Year’s resolution”
  • Which is your favorite phrase to post on social media during New Year?

    But before New Year’s Day comes another important day…

    24. What to Post on Christmas Day in Finnish

    What will you say in Finnish about Christmas?

    Anne celebrates Christmas with her family, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Anne’s post.

    Hyvää joulua ystävät ja kiitos ihanista joulukorteista! Itse tuin joulukorttirahoilla tänä vuonna saimaannorppia!
    “Merry Christmas friends and thank you for the lovely Christmas cards! This year I supported the Saimaa Ringed Seals with the Christmas Card money instead!”

    1- Hyvää joulua ystävät ja kiitos ihanista joulukorteista!

    First is an expression meaning “Merry Christmas friends and thank you for the lovely Christmas cards!”
    It is an old tradition to send Christmas greeting cards to friends and family members in Finland. Recently, it has become more popular to donate the money normally spent on Christmas cards to some charity instead, and send one’s Christmas wishes through social media.

    2- Itse tuin joulukorttirahoilla tänä vuonna saimaannorppia!

    Then comes the phrase - “This year I supported the Saimaa Ringed Seal with the Christmas Card money instead…”
    The Saimaa ringed seal is one of the most endangered animals in the world. The only existing population of these seals is found in Lake Saimaa, Finland. Recently many Finns have shown the urge to protect these animals through donations.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Anne’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Lepoa ja rauhaa, niin sinulle, Juhalle, kuin saimaannorpillekin!

    Her neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “Rest and tranquility, to you, Juha, as well as the Saimaa Ringed Seals!”
    Use this expression to wish the poster, as well as the seals a peaceful and relaxed Christmas.

    2- Hyvää joulua!

    Her high school friend, Venla, uses an expression meaning - “Merry Christmas!”
    This is the traditional Christmas wish.

    3- Koska saan joululahjani?

    Her nephew, Elias, uses an expression meaning - “When will I get my Christmas present?”
    Use this expression to be funny in a sarcastic way.

    4- Rentouttavia joulunpyhiä!

    Her college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “Have a relaxing Christmas holiday!”
    This is a wish for a restful holiday.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • Hyvää joulua: “Merry Christmas”
  • joulukortti: “Christmas card”
  • joulukorttirahat: “Christmas card money”
  • saimaannorppa: “Saimaa Ringed Seal”
  • lepo: “rest”
  • rauha: “tranquility”
  • joululahja: “Christmas present”
  • rentouttava: “relaxing”
  • If a friend posted something about Christmas greetings, which phrase would you use?

    So, the festive season is over! Yet, there will always be other days, besides a birthday, to wish someone well.

    25. Post about Your Anniversary in Finnish

    Some things deserve to be celebrated, like wedding anniversaries. Learn which Finnish phrases are meaningful and best suited for this purpose!

    Juha celebrates his wedding anniversary with his wife, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Juha’s post.

    Toinen hääpäivä, tällä kertaa auringon alla. Ja vauvan kanssa!
    “The second wedding anniversary, this time under the sun. And with a baby!”

    1- Toinen hääpäivä

    First is an expression meaning “second wedding anniversary.”
    The second word, meaning “anniversary” is actually comprised of two words: “wedding” and “day”.

    2- auringon alla

    Then comes the phrase - “under the sun.”
    This phrase, “under the sun,” is often used when someone has traveled somewhere abroad where it’s hot and sunny.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Juha’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Ihanaa lomaa ja hääpäivää koko porukalle!

    His friend, Virpi, uses an expression meaning - “Have a wonderful holiday and wedding anniversary the whole lot of you!”
    This is a warm and friendly wish for the couple on their anniversary.

    2- Oltiin samassa paikassa pari vuotta sitten. Mahtavaa lomaa!

    His college friend, Leo, uses an expression meaning - “We were at that same place a couple of years ago. Have an awesome holiday!”
    Use this expression to share some personal information, and wish the couple a good break.

    3- Aurinko polttaa.

    His nephew, Elias, uses an expression meaning - “The sun burns.”
    Use this expression to partake in the conversation with a negative comment, trying to be funny. It’s anybody’s guess whether or not the comment will be considered humorous.

    4- Mukavaa hääpäivää! Kuinka kauan olette matkalla?

    His neighbor, Ellen, uses an expression meaning - “Have a nice wedding anniversary! How long will you be traveling?”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling warmhearted and want to know more information.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • hääpäivä: “wedding day, anniversary”
  • tällä kertaa: “this time”
  • vauva: “baby”
  • kanssa: “with”
  • loma: “vacation”
  • porukka: “lot”
  • polttaa: “to burn”
  • kuinka kauan: “How long”
  • If a friend posted something about Anniversary greetings, which phrase would you use?

    Conclusion

    Learning to speak a new language will always be easier once you know key phrases that everybody uses. These would include commonly used expressions for congratulations and best wishes, etc.

    Master these in fun ways with Learn Finnish! We offer a variety of tools to individualize your learning experience, including using cell phone apps, audiobooks, iBooks and many more. Never wonder again what to say on social media!

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    How to Say Sorry in Finnish

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    Learn how to apologize in Finnish - fast and accurately! FinnishPod101 makes it easy for you to make amends. Start with a bonus, and download your FREE cheat sheet - How to Improve Your Finnish Skills! (Logged-In Member Only)

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    Table of Contents

    1. Common Ways to Say Sorry in Finnish
    2. How To Refuse Something Politely in Finnish
    3. Audio Lesson - Survival Phrases “How to Say Sorry”
    4. Why You Will NOT Be Sorry For Learning Finnish through FinnishPod101


    1. Common Ways to Say Sorry in Finnish

    3 Ways to Say Sorry

    Nobody’s perfect, not anywhere in the world. Everybody makes mistakes, and does and says regrettable things. Then it’s time to apologize, as saying ‘I’m sorry’ is not in vain. It can be very healing! Did you know that hearing a sincerely-meant apology can have a noticeable effect on a person’s body? Research has shown that it slows down breathing and heart rate, and even causes a drop in blood pressure.

    Sometimes we cannot fix what’s broken, but we can make the experience a bit easier for anyone who suffered on account of our thoughtless actions or words.

    Here are a number of ways to say sorry in Finnish. In any language, just make sure you really mean it! An insincere apology will not go down well with anyone.

    Woman Apologizing

    Olen pahoillani.
    I’m sorry

    These words should precede anything else you have to say. Use them sincerely and whenever you are clearly in the wrong. Acknowledging your guilt and apologizing for any wrongdoing will lift your spirits too! Often, remorse can eat away at us, and a simple ‘I’m sorry’, in Finnish or any other language, can open the door for forgiveness and resolution of a bad situation. It can be a true gift!

    Haluaisin pyytää anteeksi.
    I would like to apologize.

    This is a slightly more formal way to say ‘I’m sorry’ in Finnish. Use this phrase if you’re addressing your superiors and/or elders.

    Pyydän vilpittömästi anteeksi.
    I sincerely apologize.

    If you feel strongly about your apology, this is another slightly more formal phrase to use. Keep it handy for graver errors, or you might come across as insincere!

    En tee sitä enää.
    I won’t do it again.

    A promise you can only make if you intend to keep it! Few things feel as bad as having to hear repeated apologies from someone for the same behavior - it means the ‘sorry’ is not sincere. Don’t be that person!

    Pidän huolen siitä, etten tee tätä virhettä uudelleen.
    I’ll make sure not to make this mistake again.

    A beautifully strong phrase! Again, say this only if you mean it - not just in the moment, but always! A bit more formal, this is an especially good phrase to use when apologizing to superiors and/or elders. It will make an especially good impression at the workplace, where accountability is an excellent quality to display!

    En tarkoittanut sitä.
    I didn’t mean that.

    This is a tricky one… What did you mean, then?! Clear up any confusion with sincerity. Also, use this phrase only if the harm done or mistake made was due to an accident, and then admit to thoughtlessness on your part, if appropriate.

    Se on minun syyni.
    It’s my fault.

    If the fault is really yours, own up to it. You will gain respect in the eyes of others! However, don’t take the blame when it’s not truly yours. It won’t be good for you, and ultimately you will not be respected much for it.

    Olen pahoillani siitä, että olen itsekäs.
    I’m sorry for being selfish.

    This is a good phrase to keep handy, especially for your close relationships. It is difficult to admit you’re selfish, isn’t it?! However, it’s good to know when to be honest. We get used to our loved ones, which often means we forget that they need our good manners and unselfish behavior just as much as strangers do.

    Toivottavasti annat minulle anteeksi.
    I hope you will forgive me.

    This is a polite and gentle wish that can smooth over many harsh feelings. It also shows that the other person’s opinion and forgiveness are important to you.

    Otan täyden vastuun.
    I take full responsibility.

    This strong statement is similar to admitting that an error or transgression was your fault. It speaks of courage and the willingness to take remedial action. Good one to use…if you mean it!

    Minun ei olisi pitänyt tehdä sitä.
    I shouldn’t have done it.

    This phrase is fine to use if you did or said something wrong. It shows, to an extent, your regret for having done or said what you did, and demonstrates that you understand your role in the mistake.

    Anteeksi, että annan rahasi takaisin niin myöhään.
    Sorry for giving your money back late.

    It’s rotten to have to loan money! Yet, it’s equally rotten to have to ask for the repayment of a loan. So, do your best not to pay late in the first place, but if it can’t be helped, this would be a good phrase to use!

    Älä ole vihainen minulle.
    Please don’t be mad at me.

    Well, this is not a very advisable phrase to use if you are clearly in the wrong. If someone is justifiably angry with you, asking them not to be mad at you would be an unfair expectation. However, if you did something wrong by accident, and if the consequences were not too serious, this request would be OK.

    Anteeksi että olen myöhässä.
    Sorry I’m late.

    Punctuality is valued in most situations, but if you really cannot help being late, then apologize! This way you show respect for your host, and win their approval.

    Pyydän anteeksi, että olin sinulle ilkeä.
    I apologize for being mean to you.

    Acknowledging your own meanness towards someone is no small thing, so good for you! Use this apology only if your intention is to seriously address your mean tendencies, or these words could become meaningless over time.


    2. How To Refuse Something Politely in Finnish

    Woman Refusing

    Congratulations! Now you know how to apologize in Finnish! After you have apologized for a mistake, focus on fixing whatever you can, and don’t punish yourself over something that cannot be taken back or reversed. That’s healthy for you! Regret can eat away at the soul, and even destroy it. It is ultimately a useless emotion if it consumes you.

    However, in language, we use apologies not only when we’ve transgressed or made mistakes. They come in handy in other situations too, when there has been no wrongdoing. Sometimes we need to express regret for having to refuse a gift, an offer, or an invitation. This can be somewhat tricky. Learn from specialists at FinnishPod101 about how to use the correct Finnish words for this kind of ‘sorry’!


    3. Survival Phrases “How to Say Sorry”

    Say Sorry

    On the run and need a quick lesson on how to say sorry in Finnish? Don’t fret, just listen and repeat! Click here for a recorded short lesson and learn how to give the perfect apology, with perfect pronunciation in Finnish. A little can go a long way, and you will sound like a native!


    4. Why You Will NOT Be Sorry For Learning Finnish through FinnishPod101

    Man Looking at Computer

    Online learning is here to stay, that’s a fact. In 2015, the Digital Learning Compass Partnership released a report based on surveys to determine online enrollment trends in US institutions for higher education. Thirty percent of all their students learned online! And the number is growing! However, how can you be sure you will not regret your choice of an online language learning school? First, look at the school’s credentials and what it has to offer…

    • Fun and Easy Learning: It’s a commonly-known fact that when learning is made easy and fun, student motivation rises. And as motivation rises, so does the effort to learn - what a beautiful cycle! FinnishPod101’s language learning system is designed to get you speaking from the onset. Learn at your own convenience and pace with our short, effective and fun audio podcast lessons. Our Learning Center is comprehensive and state-of-the-art, with a vibrant user community to connect to! Our lessons are recorded with native hosts and voice actors, providing a diverse range of dialects in your lessons. You can be confident that native speakers will understand you when speaking Finnish!
    • Innovative Learning Tools and Apps: We make it our priority to offer you the best learning tools! These include apps for iPhone, iPad, Android and Mac OSX; eBooks for Kindle, Nook, and iPad; audiobooks; Roku TV and so many more. This means that we took diverse lifestyles into account when we developed our courses, so you can learn anywhere, anytime on a device of your choice. How innovative!
    • Free Resources: Sharing is caring, and for this reason, we share many free resources with our students. For instance, start learning Finnish with our basic online course by creating a lifetime account - for free! Also get free daily and iTunes lessons, free eBooks, free mobile apps, and free access to our blog and online community. Or how about free Vocabulary Lists? The Finnish dictionary is for exclusive use by our students, also for free. There’s so much to love about FinnishPod101…!
    • Live Hosts and One-on-One Learning: Knowledgeable, energetic hosts present recorded video lessons, and are available for live teaching experiences if you upgrade. This means that in the videos, you get to watch them pronounce those tongue-twisters, as if you’re learning live! Add octane to your learning by upgrading to Premium Plus, and learn two times faster. Your can have your very own Finnish teacher always with you, ensuring that you learn what you need, when you need to - what a wonderful opportunity to master a new language in record time!
    • Start Where You Are: You don’t know a single Finnish word? Not to worry, we’ve absolutely got this. Simply enroll in our Absolute Beginner Pathway and start speaking from Lesson 1! As your learning progresses, you can enroll in other pathways to match your Finnish level, at your own pace, in your own time, in your own place!

    After this lesson, you will know almost every ‘sorry for’ in Finnish, but don’t let it be that you’re sorry for missing a great opportunity. Learning a new language can only enrich your life, and could even open doors towards great opportunities! So don’t wonder if you’ll regret enrolling in FinnishPod101. It’s the most fun, easy way to learn Finnish!

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    Learn How to Confidently Introduce Yourself In Finnish

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    Start off the year by learning how to introduce yourself properly in Finnish! Learn easily with FinnishPod101 in this four-minute video!

    Table of Contents

    1. 10 Lines You Need for Introducing Yourself in Finnish
    2. Important Tips for Introducing Yourself
    3. Video - How to Introduce Yourself in Finnish
    4. Why FinnishPod101 is Perfect for Learning all about Finnish Introductions

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Finnish


    1. 10 Lines You Need for Introducing Yourself in Finnish

    ”About

    First impressions are absolutely everything! Right? No, wrong - who you are every day is much more important. But first impressions are definitely not unimportant either. Make sure to introduce yourself correctly, as it could mean the difference between getting a job offer or a polite refusal from an employer. FinnishPod101 shows you how to read, write and pronounce these self-introductions and conversation-starters like a native speaker!

    But first, a tip - wait to be asked before offering personal details such as your age. Good conversation is about unspoken reciprocity, and giving too many personal details too soon can be embarrassing for your Finnish friend. Rather use phrases that encourage your friend to talk about him or herself - most people like doing that! Also, it shows you take real interest in other people.

    1- Hello, it’s nice to meet you.

    Hei, hauska tavata.

    This phrase is an excellent way to start an introduction. It is a greeting that immediately expresses interest in the other person.

    2- My name is Ella.

    Nimeni on Ella.

    Self-explanatory - just replace ‘Ella’ with your own name! Also, pay close attention to what your new Finnish acquaintance’s name is. Remembering it will make them feel that you are really interested in him/her as a person!

    Countries

    3- I’m from the Finland.

    Olen kotoisin Suomesta.

    Sharing something about yourself is a nice conversation starter. It shows that you’re willing to engage meaningfully with the other person. In an informal setting, you can expect the other person to respond in kind. At work, this is probably information you need to volunteer only if asked. Again, remember to replace ‘Finland’ with your own country of birth!

    4- I live in Helsinki.

    Asun Helsingissä.

    Same as above - replace ‘Helsinki’ with your town or city of abode!

    5- I’ve been learning Finnish for a year.

    Olen opiskellut vuoden verran suomea.

    Say this only if it’s true, obviously. And prepare to dazzle your audience! If you have indeed worked faithfully at your Finnish for a year, you should be pretty good at it! Use this phrase after your introduction - it is likely to indicate that you wish to engage in Finnish conversation.

    Two people talking

    6- I’m learning Finnish at FinnishPod101.com.

    Opettelen suomea FinnishPod101.com-sivustolla.

    This will be the best reply if anyone asks (Very impressed, of course!) where you study Finnish! Simply volunteering this information, especially in a casual conversation, could make you sound like a salesperson, and you want to avoid that. Often, an employer will want this information though, so best to memorize and have this phrase handy!

    7- I’m 27 years old.

    Olen 27-vuotias.

    This is a line that may just get you a ‘TMI!’ look from a stranger if you volunteer it without being asked. He/she may not be willing to divulge such an intimate detail about him/herself right at the start of your acquaintance, so don’t force reciprocity. However, it’s a good phrase to know in a job interview; again, probably best only if your prospective Finnish employer asks. Also, remember to give your true age!

    First encounter

    8- I’m a teacher.

    Olen opettaja.

    You’re still offering information about yourself, which lends good momentum to keep the conversation going! Replace ‘teacher’ with your own occupation - and learn the related vocabulary with FinnishPod101!

    People with different jobs

    9- One of my hobbies is reading.

    Yksi harrastuksistani on lukeminen.

    Your hobby is another topic with lots of potential for starting a good conversation! People are often eager to talk about their hobbies, and why they like them!

    10- I enjoy listening to music.

    Nautin musiikin kuuntelusta.

    If you’re still talking about your hobbies, this would be a good line to go with the previous one. Otherwise, wait for your conversation partner to start talking about what they enjoy doing!

    2. Important Tips for Introducing Yourself

    Introducing yourself

    A correct Finnish introduction will make a good impression upon meeting a person for the first time. Why is this first impression important? Simple - it gives an indication of who you are as a person. So, while you want to be truthful when representing yourself, you also need to be prepared to put your best foot forward!

    First impressions are often lingering and difficult to change. In addition, it’s easier to make a negative impression than a good one, often without intending to. So, how can you make sure that your self-introduction will impress Finnish natives?

    1- Research: First, research the culture! Different cultures have different social rules, and you will be halfway towards making a great first impression if you know the proper Finnish customs for self-introductions. It will also help you avoid social mistakes - sometimes, what is acceptable in one culture is insulting in another, such as making eye contact, or giving a handshake. In your culture, what is appropriate when a person introduces him or herself?

    Also, be sure to distinguish between introductions in different situations, such as a formal and a social situation. There are bound to be differences in how you address people! The internet can be an important tool for this endeavor. Alternatively, you could visit your local library to search for books on this topic, or you could ask Finnish friends to explain and demonstrate their cultural habits for introductions. Honoring someone’s culture shows that you respect it, and as we know - a little respect can go a very long way in any relationship!

    Someone studying

    2- Study the Correct Phrases and Vocabulary: Be sure to learn Finnish phrases and vocabulary that tell people who you are, and that encourage them to engage in conversation with you. Each situation will determine how to address the person you want to introduce yourself to. Also, make sure your pronunciation is correct! It would be most valuable to have Finnish-speaking friends who can help you with this. Or read on for a quick phrase and video lesson on Finnish introductions right here at FinnishPod101!

    3- Appearance: This is pretty obvious - if you want to make a good impression introducing yourself to anyone for the first time, you need to be neatly dressed and well groomed! A shabby, dirty or careless appearance and bad body odor are to be avoided at all costs; in most cultures, these will not impress!

    Also, make sure to dress appropriately, not only for the occasion, but also for the culture. For instance, bare shoulders or an open-necked shirt is an acceptable gear in many Western countries. Yet, in some cultures, dressing like this could deeply offend your host. No amount of good manners and properly expressed introductions is likely to wipe out a cultural no-no! So, be sure to know how to dress, and take care with your appearance when you are about to introduce yourself to someone for the first time!

    Following are some neat phrases with which you can introduce yourself in Finnish, and get a conversation started too!

    3. Video - How to Introduce Yourself in Finnish

    Good, you read and perhaps even memorized the preceding phrases to successfully introduce yourself in Finnish! Watch this short video now to get a quick lesson on Finnish grammar for these introductions, as well as how to pronounce them correctly. You will sound like a native when you can copy the presenter perfectly!


    4. Why FinnishPod101 is Perfect for Learning all about Finnish Introductions

    • Culturally Focused Lessons: All our material is aimed not only to help you learn perfect Finnish, but also to introduce you to the Finnish culture! Learn here, for instance, a list of favorite Finnish foods. Or, how about exploring the Finnish business culture in these 12 introductory lessons? Alternatively, listen to these audio lessons on Finnish culture! Studying through us could be very valuable before visiting Finland for any purpose.
    • Accurate and Correct Pronunciation & Inflection: Our hosts and voice actors are native Finnish speakers of the best quality! It is important for us that you speak Finnish correctly to avoid embarrassing misunderstandings and miscommunications. If you practice and can copy these presenters well, you will sound just like Finnish natives and your introduction will be easily understood!
    • State-of-the-Art Lesson Formats and Methods: Efficacy in learning is our highest priority. You will have access to learning tools that were carefully developed by learning specialists over more than a decade! We use only well-researched, proven lesson formats and teaching methods to ensure fast, accurate, fun and easy learning! Millions of happy subscribers can’t be wrong! Create a lifetime account with FinnishPod101 for free access to many learning tools that are updated every week.
    • Learn to Read and Write in Finnish: We don’t only teach you to speak, you can also learn to read and write in Finnish! This way you can express your Finnish introduction in more than one way and be thoroughly prepared.
    • A Learning Plan that Suits your Pocket: FinnishPod101 takes pride in making learning not only easy and fun, but also affordable. Opening a lifetime account for free will offer you a free seven-day trial, after which you can join with an option that suits your needs and means. Learning Finnish has never been easier or more affordable! Even choosing only the ‘Basic’ option will give you access to everything you need to learn Finnish effectively, like thousands of audio and video lessons! However, if you need to learn Finnish fast, the Premium and Premium Plus options will be good to consider, as both offer a vast number of extra tools to ensure efficient learning. This way you can be sure that you will reach your learning goal easily!

    Whatever your needs are for learning Finnish, make sure to do it through FinnishPod101, and you will never have to google: “How do I introduce myself in Finnish” again!

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    Summer Solstice Celebration: Midsummer Day in Finland

    Midsummer day in Finland

    When the Summer Solstice comes around in June, the Midsummer celebration in Finland begins! On Midsummer Day, Finland enjoys the warmth of summer with barbeques, time outdoors, and a Midsummer bonfire. Finland’s celebrations of Midsummer are rooted in its religious history and have evolved along with its transition to Christianity.

    Learn about the Midsummer celebration Finland observes each year to gain greater insight into Finnish life and culture! Midsummer’s Eve traditions in Finland tell a lot about its culture as a whole, and as any successful language learner can tell you, comprehending a country’s culture is essential in mastering its language.

    At FinnishPod101.com, it’s our goal to make this learning journey both fun and informative!

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    1. What is Midsummer Day?

    A very special celebration for the Finns is the Midsummer, or Juhannus, celebrated at the end of June. The Midsummer is a celebration of light and the height of the summer, and was originally celebrated as a part of the ancient Finnish religion. The Christian churches celebrate the Midsummer as the birthday of John the Baptist (Johannes Kastaja), from where the name Juhannus originates.

    Midsummer is celebrated at the brightest time of the year, during which even the nights will be bright in Finland. The bright summer nights are known as the “nightless nights,” and create perfect conditions for the Midsummer party Finland puts on across the country.

    2. What Day is Midsummer?

    Sunglasses laying on calendar

    Between the 19th and 26th of June, Finland celebrates the Summer Solstice through its Midsummer Festival. The date varies each year, so for your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

    • 2019: June 22
    • 2020: June 20
    • 2021: June 26
    • 2022: June 25
    • 2023: June 24
    • 2024: June 22
    • 2025: June 21
    • 2026: June 20
    • 2027: June 26
    • 2028: June 24

    3. Reading Practice: Midsummer Celebration in Finland

    Food cooking on barbeque

    How do Finns celebrate Midsummer? Read the Finnish text below to find out, and find the English translation directly below it.

    Monien suomalaisten perinteeseen kuuluu viettää juhannus kesämökeillä järvien rannoilla, joten kaupungeissa onkin juhannuksen aikaan hyvin hiljaista. Myös juhannusfestivaalit ja -konsertit ovat suosittuja, etenkin nuorten keskuudessa.

    Juhannusperinteisiin kuuluu juhannussauna tuoreiden saunavihtojen kera, sekä pulahtaminen järveen. Koti, sauna ja soutuvene saatetaan koristella koivunoksin ja luonnonkukin, ja ruotsinkielisillä alueilla saatetaan pystyttää juhannussalko. Juhannuksena syödään ja juodaan hyvin. Etenkin grillaaminen on suosittua.

    Tärkeä hetki juhannuksena on juhannuskokon sytyttäminen keskiyön tienoilla. Kokko on yleensä pystytetty järven rantaan, ja sen äärellä valvotaan seurustellen ja tunnelmoiden pitkälle yöhön, joskus aamuun saakka.

    Juhannusta vietettiin Suomessa alun perin suomalaisten muinaisjumalan Ukon juhlana, sadon ja hedelmällisyyden varmistamiseksi. Tältä ajalta jäänteitä ovat myös leikkimieliset juhannustaiat, joiden tarkoitus on varmistaa tuleva sato ja naimaonni, tai ennustaa tuleva puoliso.

    Juhannushäiden viettäminen oli myös ennen suosittua, mutta nykyään tapa on jo harvinaisempi. Juhannuksen viettoon kuuluu monilla myös romanttiset juhannustanssit. Tanssilavoille kokoontuu tällöin runsaasti ihmisiä tanssimaan lavatansseja, kuten valssia, humppaa, tangoa, foksia tai jenkkaa.

    Juhannusta on nimitetty myös Ukon juhlaksi, mittumaariksi, mettumaariksi ja messumaariksi. Mittu,-mettu ja -messumaari nimet ovat lainasanoja ruotsinkielisestä ‘midsommar’ eli ‘keskikesä’-sanasta.

    Many Finns have a tradition of spending the Midsummer at their summer cottages on the shores of lakes, which is why it is usually very quiet in the cities during Midsummer. Midsummer festivals and concerts are popular as well, especially among the young.

    A part of Midsummer traditions is the Midsummer sauna, which includes fresh sauna bath whisks, and taking a dip in the lake. The home, sauna, and rowing boat may also be decorated with birch branches and natural flowers, and a maypole may be erected in Swedish-speaking areas. It is customary to eat and drink well during the Midsummer. Barbecuing is especially popular.

    An important moment of Midsummer is the lighting of the Midsummer bonfire at midnight. The bonfire is usually placed at a lakeshore, and people will stay up socializing and enjoying the atmosphere next to it well into the night, sometimes until dawn.

    Midsummer was originally celebrated as the feast of an ancient Finnish god Ukko, to ensure a good harvest and fertility. Other remnants of this ancient time are the playful Midsummer magic rituals, which were meant to ensure the future harvest and marital fortune, or to foresee one’s future spouse. Midsummer wedding celebrations also used to be popular, but nowadays that custom is less common.

    Romantic Midsummer dance events are also a part of the Midsummer celebration for many people. Plenty of people will gather to dance pavilions at that time to participate in open-air dances like the waltz, humppa, tango, fox, or jenkka.

    The Midsummer has also been called the Festival of Ukko, mittumaari, mettumaari, and messumaari. Mittu-, mettu-, and messumaari are loanwords from the Swedish word midsommar, which means “the middle of the summer.”

    4. Midsummer Magic in Finland

    Do you know why there are traditions of collecting flowers and staring into a pool (or natural spring of water) while naked on Midsummer night?

    Midsummer magic is a part of Midsummer night. When you collect seven different flowers and put them under your pillow, you’ll see your future spouse in a dream. And when staring into a pool while naked, the image of your future spouse should appear on the water’s surface. There is a variety of different Midsummer magic traditions!

    5. Useful Vocabulary for Finnish Midsummer Celebrations

    Maypole

    Here’s some vocabulary you should know for Midsummer in Finland!

    • Grillata — “Barbecue”
    • Juhannuspäivä — “Midsummer Day”
    • Sauna — “Sauna”
    • Virvatuli — “Will-o’-the-wisp
    • Suomen lipun päivä — “The Day of the Finnish Flag”
    • Juhannustaika — “Midsummer magic”
    • Keskiyön aurinko — “Midnight sun”
    • Juhannuskokko — “Bonfire”
    • Juhannussalko — “Maypole”
    • Juhannustanssit — “Midnight open-air dance”
    • Loitsu — “Incantation”
    • Saunoa — “Go to the sauna”
    • Mennä mökille — “Go to a cottage”

    To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, check out our Finnish Midsummer Day vocabulary list. Here, each word is accompanied by an audio file of its pronunciation and a relevant image.

    Conclusion

    What do you think of Midsummer’s Eve traditions in Finland? Does your country celebrate Midsummer Day, and if so, what do traditions look like in your country? Let us know in the comments!

    To learn more about the culture in Finland and the Finnish language, visit us at FinnishPod101.com. We provide an array of practical learning tools for every learner to ensure that anyone can master Finnish! Read more insightful blog posts like this one, study with our free Finnish vocabulary lists, and chat with fellow Finnish learners on our community forums. By upgrading to Premium Plus, you can also begin using our MyTeacher program to learn Finnish one-on-one with your own teacher!

    Learning a new language is no easy goal, but know that your determination and hard work will soon reap rewards! And FinnishPod101 will be here with you for each step of your journey to Finnish mastery!

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    Finnish Civil War & Memorial Day for the War Dead

    Memorial Day for the War Dead

    Memorial Day for the War Dead (also commonly referred to as Commemoration Day of Fallen Soldiers) is one of Finland’s most significant holidays. It seeks to commemorate Finland’s losses in various wars, as well as losses from the countries it fought. In particular, the Finnish Civil War sparked the idea for this day of commemoration in the war commander Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim.

    In this article, we’ll be going over what this holiday is and take a look at the wars this day seeks to commemorate. After reading this article, you’ll have a better grasp of Finland’s history and events leading up to its culture today, which is vital for any language-learner. At FinnishPod101.com, we hope to make this learning journey both fun and informative!

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    1. What is the Commemoration Day of Fallen Soldiers?

    The Memorial Day for the War Dead, otherwise known as the Commemoration Day of Fallen Soldiers, is when Finland remembers those who lost their lives in Finnish wars. The idea was put into effect by the Finnish war commander Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim in 1940.

    This holiday seeks to commemorate the fallen soldiers of the following Finnish wars:

    • Finnish Civil War — 1918
    • Finnish Winter War (also known as the Russo-Finnish War or Finnish Russian War) — 1939-1940
    • Finland Continuation War — 1941-1944
    • Lapland War — 1944

    While these are the main focus of Memorial Day for the War Dead in Finland, note that Finns also died in the Heimosodat wars and during U.N. peacekeeping missions.

    2. When is Memorial Day for the War Dead Observed?

    Defending One's Country

    The date of the Commemoration Day of Fallen Soldiers varies from year to year, though it’s always on the third Sunday in May. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s dates for the next ten years.

    • 2019: May 19
    • 2020: May 17
    • 2021: May 16
    • 2022: May 15
    • 2023: May 21
    • 2024: May 19
    • 2025: May 18
    • 2026: May 17
    • 2027: May 16
    • 2028: May 21

    3. How is Memorial Day for the War Dead Celebrated?

    Tomb Decorated with Flowers

    Celebrations and commemoration activities aren’t extensive in Finland, though this holiday is close to Finns’ hearts. Typically, church services are held on Memorial Day for the War Dead. Following these services, Finns often visit the graves and tombs of fallen soldiers to pay their respects and to simply remember the sacrifice they made.

    4. Additional Information on the Finnish Wars

    Let’s look at each main war that we mentioned earlier, to give you a better idea of Finland’s history and what this day means to them.

    1- Finnish Civil War (1918 )

    After the Russian Empire collapsed in WWI, Finland—who was, up until that point, under Russia’s control—was left with a shaky structure of governance, as well as a power vacuum. This took place during a time of growth and improvement in Finland, a time when change was sought after and becoming increasingly necessary.

    Germany planned to gain control of Finland with Russia’s collapse. The plan was to turn Finland into a monarchy under German control—called the Kingdom of Finland—seeing as Finland had fallen into Germany’s sphere of influence.

    In the meantime, German and Finnish troops fought against the Russian Empire. 36,000 Finns lost their lives in the conflict. However, upon Germany’s loss in WWI, this plan never came to full fruition and was soon cancelled.

    This allowed Finland to become an independent and democratic nation, despite the country’s inner turmoil and unease for decades after.

    2- Finnish Winter War (1939-1940)

    The Finnish Winter War began in 1939 when the Soviet Union invaded Finland in hopes of gaining territory which Finland had denied it. After this invasion, Finland had good fortune for about two months, being able to ward off the offensive forces until the Soviet Union gathered its bearings again.

    Fortunately, the war didn’t last very long, though it was fought in very cold temperatures during the winter months. The League of Nations decided that the Soviet Union’s offensive invasion was illegal, and the Moscow Peace Treaty was signed not long after. The Winter War lasted for three-and-a-half months, and led to heavy losses and a few gains for both sides involved (Finland and the Soviet Union).

    The Soviet Union ended up gaining much land from Finland (eleven percent of it), but lost good standing in the eyes of other countries, not to mention that its military was exposed as being fairly weak and ineffective. Finland lost much land and had difficulty during the war attaining enough supplies and support, but gained a higher standing in the eyes of other countries after the Moscow Peace Treaty.

    In St. Petersburg, there’s a monument dedicated to those lost during this war.

    3- Finland Continuation War (1941-1944)

    Not long after The Winter War, Finland once again fought against the Soviet Union. Germany served as a co-belligerent to Finland, having started the first battle against the USSR. The top three reasons for the war’s beginning are:

    • Regaining territory lost during The Winter War
    • Liberating Karelia
    • Expanding Finland to become “Greater Finland”

    Ultimately, The Continuation War was a failure, ending in ceasefire.

    In 1944, the Moscow Armistice was signed. The war resulted in the loss of 63,200 Finns, as well as 158,000 Finns with injuries.

    4- Lapland War (1944-1945)

    The Moscow Armistice signed to end the previous war posed a condition that led to the Lapland War between Finland and Nazi Germany: all German troops had to leave Finnish territory. This condition was made in light of the Soviet Vyborg—Petrozavodsk Offensive which took place in 1944.

    The German evacuations were met with few problems at first, until the Soviet Union told Finland it needed to force the Germans out more effectively, as well demobilize the Finnish Army. As a result, Finland fought a few battles against Germany until most of the German forces had reached Norway (which it occupied at the time). In 1945, all of the German troops had left Finland.

    WWII ended shortly after.

    5. Useful Vocabulary for Commemoration Day of Fallen Soldiers

    Candle for Grave

    Here’s some vocabulary you should know for the Finnish Commemoration Day of Fallen Soldiers!

    • Sotilas — “Soldier”
    • Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim — “Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim”
    • Puolustaa — “Defend”
    • Sota — “War”
    • Hautakynttilä — “Grave candle”
    • Kaatua — “Fall”
    • Rauhanturvaaja — “Peacekeeper”
    • Sankarivainaja — “Hero of the deceased”
    • Menehtynyt — “Perished”
    • Leski — “Widow”
    • Sankarihauta — “Hero’s tomb”

    To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, check out our Finnish Commemoration Day of Fallen Soldiers vocabulary list. Here, you’ll find each word accompanied by an audio file of its pronunciation.

    Conclusion

    Which event mentioned in this article do you think was the most interesting? Does your country have a holiday that honors those fallen in war? Let us know in the comments! We always love hearing from you.

    To learn more about the culture in Finland and the Finnish language, visit us at FinnishPod101.com and take advantage of our numerous and effective learning tools. From insightful blog posts to free vocabulary lists and an online community forum, there’s something here for every learner! You can also create (or upgrade to) a Premium Plus account to begin using our MyTeacher program, where you can learn Finnish one-on-one with your own personal Finnish teacher.

    We hope you took away something valuable from this article, and that you feel more knowledgeable about this aspect of Finnish history. Know that your hard work will pay off; before you know it, you’ll be speaking like a native Finn!

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    How to Celebrate Easter in Finland

    The Monday after Easter (Easter Monday) is Finland’s largest celebration during the Easter week. It’s a day of Finnish Easter pudding and more delicious traditional Finnish Easter food. However, it’s also a day of great religious significance for Finland’s Christian population. From its more religious celebrations to Easter witches, Easter in Finland is a delight!

    Learn about Finland Easter traditions and more information about Easter in Finland with FinnishPod101.com! We hope to make learning about Finnish Easter both fun and informative; after all, cultural knowledge is a vital aspect of learning any language! So let’s get started.

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    1. What is Easter Monday in Finland?

    Easter, which is celebrated in-between March and April in Finland, is the oldest and most important Christian holiday.

    Easter celebrates the resurrection of Jesus, but many Easter traditions of the Finns were originally pagan and are associated with the longer days. Easter week, which is also known as Silent Week, starts with Palm Sunday. The Easter holidays consist of Good Friday, Easter Sunday, and Easter Monday.

    2. When is Easter Monday?

    Daffodil Against White Background

    The date of Easter Monday in Finland varies from year to year. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

    • 2019: April 22
    • 2020: April 13
    • 2021: April 5
    • 2022: April 18
    • 2023: April 10
    • 2024: April 1
    • 2025: April 21
    • 2026: April 6
    • 2027: March 29
    • 2028: April 17

    3. Reading Practice: How is Celebrated?

    Large Festive Dinner

    How is Easter celebrated in Finland? Read the Finnish text below to find out (and find the English translation directly below it)!

    Palmusunnuntaina lapset pukeutuvat pääsiäisnoidiksi ja lähtevät naapurustoon virpomaan, mukanaan koristelemansa värikkäät pajunoksat. Virpoja toivottaa onnea ja terveyttä pajunoksia heiluttamalla ja lausumalla samaan aikaan virpomislorun. Palkaksi pienet noidat saavat yleensä suklaamunia tai muita makeisia. Koristellut pajunoksat symboloivat palmusunnuntain palmunlehviä ja kevään saapumista. Pajunkissoja ja koivunoksia laitetaan myös kodeissa maljakkoon esille, sekä rairuohoa kasvatetaan kevään ja elämän juhlistamiseksi.

    Mämmi on kaikista perinteisin suomalainen pääsiäisherkku. Se on imellettyä, makeaa ruispuuroa, joka valmistetaan ruismaltaasta ja ruisjauhoista. Mämmi tarjoillaan yleensä kuohukerman, maidon tai vaniljajäätelön kanssa. Pasha puolestaan on rahkajälkiruoka, joka on levinnyt suomalaisten pääsiäispöytiin ortodoksien perinteestä. Pääsiäiseen kuuluvat myös pieniä leluja sisältävät suklaamunat ja pääsiäisrakeet. Suolaisia herkkuja ovat erilaiset lammas- ja kalaruoat, verimakkara ja uunijuusto.

    Aiemmin uskottiin, että juuri pääsiäisenä hyvät ja pahat voimat taistelevat keskenään. Savun ja kipinöiden uskottiin karkottavan noitia ja pahoja henkiä, joten pääsiäislauantaina sytytettiin suuria rovioita, eli pääsiäiskokkoja.

    On Palm Sunday, children dress up as Easter witches and go around the neighborhood to do virpominen, carrying colorful willow branches they have decorated themselves. The person conducting the virpominen, known as the virpoja, gives wishes of happiness and good health while waving the willow branches, and reciting a rhyme called virpomisloru, to the receiver. As a reward, the little witches usually receive chocolate eggs or other sweets. The embellished willow branches symbolize the palm leaves from Palm Sunday and the arrival of spring. Willow catkins and birch twigs are also placed in a vase in homes, and Easter rye grass is grown to celebrate spring and life.

    Mämmi is the most traditional Finnish Easter delicacy. It is malted, sweet rye porridge which is prepared from rye malts and rye flour. Mämmi is usually served with whipped cream, milk, or vanilla ice cream. Pasha, in turn, is a curd dessert that has spread to Finnish Easter tables from the Orthodox tradition. Chocolate eggs that contain small toys and Easter drops are also a part of Easter. Savory delicacies include different kinds of lamb and fish dishes, blood sausage, and baked cheese.

    It was previously believed that during Easter, good and evil forces would fight each other. Smoke and sparks were believed to expel witches and evil spirits, so large stakes and Easter bonfires were lit on Easter Saturday.

    4. Additional Information

    Do you know any other names the “Holy Week” can go by?
    Holy Week is also known as a Silent Week or Torment Week, and each day has its own special name, Palm Sunday, Beam Monday, Holy Tuesday, Holy Wednesday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Holy Saturday, Easter Sunday, and Easter Monday.

    5. Must-know Finnish Vocab for Easter Monday

    Purple Easter eggs in Ryegrass

    Here’s some vocabulary you should know for Easter Monday in Finland!

    • Tipu — “Chick”
    • Kristinusko — “Christianity”
    • Toinen pääsiäispäivä — “Easter Monday”
    • Ilmestyä — “Appear”
    • Opetuslapsi — “Disciple”
    • Vapaapäivä — “Day off”
    • Juhla-ateria — “Festive dinner
    • Narsissi — “Daffodil”
    • Rairuoho — “Ryegrass
    • Koivunoksa — “Birch twig”
    • Ylösnousemus — “Resurrection”

    To hear each word pronounced, check out our Finnish Easter Monday vocabulary list. Here, you’ll find each word accompanied by an audio of its pronunciation.

    Conclusion

    What do you think about the Finnish celebration of Easter? Are Easter celebrations similar in your country, or different? Let us know in the comments!

    To learn even more about Finnish culture and the language, visit us at FinnishPod101.com. We offer an array of insightful blog posts, free vocabulary lists, and an online community to discuss lessons with fellow Finnish learners. You can also take advantage of our MyTeacher program, and learn Finnish with your own personal teacher, by upgrading to a Premium Plus account!

    All of your efforts will soon reap rewards, and you’ll be speaking like a native in no time! And we’ll be here to teach you and support you all the way there! Best wishes and happy Easter (be sure to enjoy some Finnish chocolate Easter eggs for us)!

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