Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina: Hi everyone, I’m Gina! This is Absolute Beginner Season 1 , Lesson 21 - How Many Finnish Christmas Cards Are You Sending?
Paula: Hei! Minä olen Paula. I’m Paula. Tervetuloa FinnishPod101.comiin. Welcome to FinnishPod101.com.
Gina: In this lesson, you’ll learn to count from one to ten. You’ll really want to know the numbers, so listen carefully.
Paula: This conversation takes place at home. It’s between Emmi and Helen. They’ll be speaking in standard Finnish.
Gina: Let's listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gina: Do Finns send a lot of Christmas cards?
Paula: Oh yes, that’s the biggest peak season in the mail service. We even have special stamps for Christmas cards.
Gina: Really? Are they the same every Christmas, or do they publish new ones every year?
Paula: They publish two new stamps every year before Christmas. One’s a first-class stamp, and the other one is for Christmas cards. It’s a bit cheaper than the regular second-class stamp.
Gina: But why is it cheaper? You’d think the postal service would like to take advantage of the peak season...
Paula: Well, you see, you can only use the cheaper stamp if you mail your cards well on time. In November, they distribute special red envelopes to every home, and if you put your cards in that envelope and take it to a mailbox before the middle of December, you can use the cheaper stamps on the cards.
Gina: Oh, I see. So it’s a way of spreading the peak in mail sorting over a longer period of time.
Paula: Yup. You can mail your cards as early as November, and they take all the cards from the red envelopes through a special line in sorting, store them and deliver them just before Christmas.
Gina: Sounds convenient. Now, let’s have a look at the vocabulary.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gina: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Paula: The first word is ‘kuinka’, and it’s used pretty much in the same way as the English word “how”. You use it as a question word for asking things like ‘kuinka monta’ meaning “how many”, ‘kuinka paljon’ meaning “how much” and ‘kuinka kauan’ meaning “for how long”. You can also say ‘Kuinka voin auttaa?’, which means “How can I help you?”
Gina: Okay. What’s the next word?
Paula: The next word is ‘moni’, which means “many”. But be careful! In English, you’d say “many cards” with “cards” in the plural. In Finnish, however, it’s in the singular - ‘moni kortti.’
Gina: I see. So you can’t have it in plural at all?
Paula: You can, but then you’ll also have to change ‘moni’ to the plural - ‘monet kortit’. The meaning is the same, “many cards”.
Gina: Okay. Let’s move on to the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Gina: In this lesson, you’re going to learn the numbers from one to ten. Paula, why don’t we just go through all the numbers first?
Paula: Okay.
Gina: “One”
Paula: Yksi (pause)
Gina: “Two”
Paula: Kaksi (pause)
Gina: “Three”
Paula: Kolme (pause)
Gina: “Four”
Paula: Neljä (pause)
Gina: “Five”
Paula: Viisi (pause)
Gina: “Six”
Paula: Kuusi (pause)
Gina: “Seven”
Paula: Seitsemän (pause)
Gina: “Eight”
Paula: Kahdeksan (pause)
Gina: “Nine”
Paula: Yhdeksän (pause)
Gina: “Ten”
Paula: Kymmenen. (pause)
Gina: Okay. And now once without the English.
Paula: Yksi, kaksi, kolme, neljä, viisi, kuusi, seitsemän, kahdeksan, yhdeksän, kymmenen.
Gina: So, is there anything we need to know, or do we just start putting numbers and things together?
Paula: Well, actually there are a couple of things... “One” is straightforward - for example, ‘yksi koira’, “one dog”. But “two dogs” is ‘kaksi koiraa’, not kaksi koirat.
Gina: So you have “dog” in the singular instead of “dogs” in the plural?
Paula: That’s right. Even if you have a million dogs, the word koira will still be in the singular. And it will be in the partitive singular when the number is in the nominative.
Gina: Hmm, I suppose this takes a bit of getting used to. But what about the other cases? What if I need to say “Pour coffee into two mugs”?
Paula: In all cases except the nominative, the number and the thing counted take the same case endings. So “Pour coffee into two mugs” is ‘Kaada kahteen mukiin kahvia.’ You have both ‘kahteen’ and ‘mukiin’ in the illative.
Gina: I see. Let’s have some more examples to clear things up. How do you say “five glasses”?
Paula: ‘Viisi lasia.’ ‘Lasia’ is the partitive singular of ‘lasi’.
Gina: How about “I like these five glasses”?
Paula: ‘Minä pidän näistä viidestä lasista.’ Both ‘viidestä’ and ‘lasista’ are elative singular forms.
Gina: Okay. Listeners, it’s your turn now. I’ll say something in English. Your job is to say it in Finnish before Paula. Here we go - “one Christmas card”.
Paula: Remember, card is kortti, and Christmas is joulu.
---
Paula: Yksi joulukortti.
Gina: Next one -“three Christmas cards”.
---
Paula: ‘Kolme joulukorttia.’ Remember that whenever the number is anything but one and in the nominative, the thing counted is in the partitive singular.
Gina: Here’s the next one - “seven Christmas cards”.
---
Paula: Seitsemän joulukorttia.
Gina: Okay. Now let’s make this a little more challenging. How do you say “in ten Christmas cards”?
---
Paula: ‘Kymmenessä joulukortissa.’ Both ‘kymmenen’ and ‘joulukortti are in the inessive case.
Gina: Ok, one last question. Paula is going to ask you how many Christmas cards you’re sending. Just pick any number you like, and answer the question.
Paula: Kuinka monta joulukorttia lähetät?
---
Gina: Okay, that’s it for this lesson. If you feel you didn’t quite get it all, you can always listen again! Also, reading the lesson notes is always a good idea for memorizing numbers.

Outro

Gina: Thanks for listening, and see you next time!
Paula: Hei hei!

15 Comments

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FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Let's practice!

Kuinka monta joulukorttia lähetät?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:29 PM
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Hello Zuzana,


Thank you for your question.

Yes, you can change the sentence structure that way and both sentences are correct. 👍

Thank you for the kind feedback, Zuzana. ❤️️


Let us know if you have any question.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com


Zuzana
Wednesday at 07:22 PM
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Hei!

haluaisin kysyä, voinko sanoa "Kaada neljään siniseen mukiin kahvia."?


Also, can the syntactic structure be changed to "Kaada kahvia neljään siniseen mukiin."?

I hope I got that right! Thank you, this site is helping me immensely with my finnish.

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 02:35 PM
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Hi Luca P. Gentile,


Thank you for your questions.

Yes, Luca, you have to use the partitive form after a number (not after number one) or the words and after such words as "monta", "puoli" or "vähän".

You can say "koirat" in such sentences as "Kaikki koirat..." (all dogs) "Nuo koirat" (those dogs) "Koirat ovat..." (dogs are...)

Numbers belong to a group of nouns and are called as numerals in this group. in Finnish language numbers bend by category and by case. So, numbers are not directly nominatives. Thank you for this notice.


If you have any questions, please let us know.

Thank you.

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com


Luca P. Gentile
Monday at 03:53 AM
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Minä lahetän ehkä viisi joulukorttia, muuten he ovat digitaalikorttia :-)



A question about this:

¨That’s right. Even if you have a million dogs, the word koira will still be in the singular. And it will be in the partitive singular when the number is in the nominative.¨

So in which case we say Koirat?

Nominative, referred to pronouns, means that they are the subject of the sentence (doing the action). How can you have a number in the nominative?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:37 PM
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Hei Bálint,


Kiitos kysymyksestäsi! ?


You can say: "En lähetä yhtään joulukorttia" (tänä vuonna, this year, for example)

You can say it in plural form, for example, "En lähetä joulukortteja" ( koskaan, ikinä, never, ever, for example)


Let us know if you have any question.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:33 PM
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Hello Corinna,


Thank you for your comment. ?

Yes, every language has its own differences just to make our studies more challenging. ?


Let us know if you have any question.

Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Bálint
Tuesday at 02:26 AM
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En lähetä mitään (/yhtään?) joulukorttia (/joulukortteja?). I'm not sure about the plural or singular there.

Jouluna saa paljon lahjoja! :)

Corinna
Tuesday at 04:19 AM
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Hei Päivi :smile:


Yes, it's one less thing to try and remember! That's the one thing about German that drives me crazy :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: I'm almost never sure I'm getting the articles right. Spanish has grammatical gender too but it's easier than German. English is just strange :grin:

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:45 AM
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Haha, that's true Corinna!

And perhaps at least one thing that is easier than in some other languages..?

No need to worry about the gender of words. Finnish is equal! :wink:


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Monday at 06:26 AM
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Hello again Päivi!


Ah, okay :smile: That sounds easy enough! At least there's no grammatical gender like there is in German :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: