Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Becky: Hi everyone, I’m Becky.
Päivi: And I’m Päivi!
Becky: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Finnish Vocabulary, Lesson 12! In this lesson you'll learn five essential words related to geography and nature. These are five animals that are common in Finland. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at FinnishPod101.com
BODY
Becky: Päivi, what’s our first word?
Päivi: koira
Becky: dog
Päivi: (slow) koira (regular) koira
Becky: Listeners, please repeat:
Päivi: koira
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky: Dogs are man's best friend in Finland also. Originally kept mainly for help in hunting and guarding the home, dogs are now a common pet.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Suomenpystykorva on perinteinen suomalainen koirarotu.
Becky: The Finnish spitz is a traditional Finnish dog breed.
Päivi: (slow) Suomenpystykorva on perinteinen suomalainen koirarotu.
Becky: Okay, what’s the next word?
Päivi: hirvi
Becky: elk
Päivi: (slow) hirvi (regular) hirvi
Becky: Listeners, please repeat:
Päivi: hirvi
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky: The elk is the biggest mammal in Finland. A bull elk may weigh up to 700 kilograms. Especially at dusk and dawn, elks may wander on roads and pose a serious threat to cars.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Maanteillä on hirvivaaramerkkejä paikoissa, joissa hirvet usein ylittävät tien.
Becky: There are traffic signs on roads marking places where elks often cross the road.
Päivi: (slow) Maanteillä on hirvivaaramerkkejä paikoissa, joissa hirvet usein ylittävät tien.
Becky: Okay, what’s the next word?
Päivi: karhu
Becky: brown bear
Päivi: (slow) karhu (regular) karhu
Becky: Listeners, please repeat:
Päivi: karhu
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky: The brown bear is the national animal of Finland. It was a highly esteemed animal in the past. There are about 1,000 bears in Finland.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Karhu yleensä välttelee ihmisiä.
Becky: The brown bear usually avoids people.
Päivi: (slow) Karhu yleensä välttelee ihmisiä.
Becky: Okay, what’s the next word?
Päivi: muikku
Becky: vendace
Päivi: (slow) muikku (regular) muikku
Becky: Listeners, please repeat:
Päivi: muikku
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky: The vendace is a small silver-colored freshwater fish. Whenever there is an event with food stalls, you are likely to see at least one stall selling "neulamuikku," which are very small vendace that are dusted with rye flour and pan fried.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Muikkuja käytetään esimerkiksi kalakukossa.
Becky: The vendace is used in "kalakukko", among other dishes.
Päivi: (slow) Muikkuja käytetään esimerkiksi kalakukossa.
Becky: Okay, what’s the last word?
Päivi: saimaannorppa
Becky: saimaa ringed seal
Päivi: (slow) saimaannorppa (regular) saimaannorppa
Becky: Listeners, please repeat:
Päivi: saimaannorppa
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky: The saimaa ringed seal is an endemic seal of Finland. It only lives in the lake Saimaa. There are currently only some 300 saimaa ringed seals, so it is highly endangered.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Jos lunta on vähän, vapaaehtoiset tekevät lumikasoja, jotta norpilla on paikka pesän tekoa varten.
Becky: If there is little snow, volunteers make piles of snow for saimaa ringed seals to make a nest in.
Päivi: (slow) Jos lunta on vähän, vapaaehtoiset tekevät lumikasoja, jotta norpilla on paikka pesän tekoa varten.
QUIZ
Becky: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Päivi will give you the Finnish – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Päivi: koira
[pause]Becky: dog
Päivi: hirvi
[pause]Becky: elk
Päivi: karhu
[pause]Becky: brown bear
Päivi: muikku
[pause]Becky: vendace
Päivi: saimaannorppa
[pause]Becky: saimaa ringed seal

Outro

Becky: There you have it – five animals found in Finland! We have more vocab lists available at FinnishPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Päivi: Hei hei!

21 Comments

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FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Are there any wild animals in your country? Can you tell us in Finnish?

Corinna
Friday at 07:57 AM
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Päivää, Päivi!


Okay :grin: Cool to know!


Hyvää yötä! :wink:

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:11 AM
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Moi Corinna!


Yes! 'Tuutulaulu' or 'kehtolaulu' is a lullaby!

'Kehto' is a cradle, so 'kehtolaulu' means "cradle song".

I think 'tuutu' then again comes from the verb 'tuudittaa', which means "to lull".


Soon, it's time for my tuutulaulu.. :wink:


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Thursday at 03:47 PM
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Hei, Päivi!


Ah, okay :smile: Is there a specific word for a lullaby, too?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:36 AM
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Moi Corinna!


Yes, I would say that you can use the words interchangeably as well.

Perhaps for children's song though, I would use the word 'laulu' - 'kappale' would sound a little bit odd in that connection :smile:


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Wednesday at 03:06 PM
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Hei, Päivi :grin:


Joo, tuo on mikä tarkoitin :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: Ok, so "kappale" is used more for songs on the radio and albums, then? Can they mostly be used interchangeably?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 05:02 AM
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Moi Corinna!


Tarkoitatko esimerkiksi sanoja "kappale" ja "laulu"?

(Do you mean words such as "kappale" and "laulu"?)


They both mean 'a song', but "kappale" is perhaps referring more to a 'track', i.e. something someone has composed and arranged. "Laulu" then again is referring to a song, where someone is actually singing.

Then we have words like:

"sävelmä", "melodia" (melody)

"viisu" , "veisu" (chant)

"biisi" (song, slang word)


... as an example. :smile:


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Friday at 01:59 PM
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Moi Päivi!


Haha! Joo, jos se on kappale pidät, se on helpompi harjoittelusta (If it's a song you like, it's easier to practise) :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: (Oh, and what's the difference between the different words for "song"?)


Haha, funny! :laughing:

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 07:03 AM
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Moi Corinna!


"En pitänyt harjoittelusta.." ("I didn't like practising / to practise..")

Minä soitin myös viulua ennen, mutta minäkään en pitänyt harjoittelusta! :laughing:

Lähinnä siksi, että en saanut itse valita mitä kappaleita harjoittelin opettajan kanssa.


And yes, a 'hunting lady cougar' can be called puuma also in Finnish! :wink:


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Sunday at 07:39 AM
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Mutta en voi soittaa koko niitä :laughing: Mulla oli (trying spoken slang :wink: haha) vain kymmenen vuotta oppituntit, ja en pidä vielä aina harjoitella (How do you say "I didn't like - " in Finnish? "En pinnyt"? "En pidännyt"?) :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: Mikä voin soittaa on enimmäkseen klassesen kuulostava (What I can play is mostly classical-sounding.) Mutta tykkään kuunnella musiikkia paljon :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:


Oh, and I just thought of something else related the earlier comments about "cougar"; sometimes that word is used to describe a woman who likes men who are quite a bit younger than she is :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: Is "puuma" used the same way in Finnish?

Corinna
Thursday at 01:11 PM
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Hei Päivi!


Pidän erilaista musiikkia; rockmusiikki, popmusiiki, country, folk (Not sure what they would be called in Finnish), kaikki mutta jazz :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: Juuri nyt, yritän oppia soittaa Apocalyptican "Faraway" ja Shinedownin "Her Name Is Alice" :sunglasses: Olin voida soittaa "Für Elise", mutta tarvitsen oppia sen uudelleen :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: (Soitan myös vähän kitaraa, mutta juuri nyt voin soittaa vain Bon Jovin "Wanted Dead Or Alive", ja en ole kovin hyvää :laughing: )