Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Becky: Hi everyone, I’m Becky.
Päivi: And I’m Päivi!
Becky: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Finnish Vocabulary, Lesson 4! In this lesson, you'll learn five essential words related to popular home-cooked meals in Finland. We’ve hand-picked these words just for you! You can find a complete list of vocabulary words at FinnishPod101.com.
BODY
Becky: Päivi, what’s our first word?
Päivi: Makkarakeitto.
Becky: Sausage soup
Päivi: (slow) Makkarakeitto. (regular) Makkarakeitto.
Becky: Listeners, please repeat after Päivi.
Päivi: Makkarakeitto.
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky:
Finnish sausage soup is a broth-based soup with potatoes, carrots, Swedish turnips, leeks, and sausage. You can use either small pieces of cooked sausage, or uncooked sausage. If you use uncooked sausage, pinch the sausage into small balls and place them into the boiling broth to cook.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Makkarakeitto on helppo ja nopea ruoka.
Becky: Sausage soup is an easy and quick food.
Päivi: (slow) Makkarakeitto on helppo ja nopea ruoka.
Becky: Okay, what’s the next word?
Päivi: Lihamakaronilaatikko.
Becky: Macaroni casserole with minced meat
Päivi: (slow) Lihamakaronilaatikko. (regular) Lihamakaronilaatikko.
Becky: Listeners, please repeat:
Päivi: Lihamakaronilaatikko.
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky:
This is a casserole containing macaroni, minced meat, chopped onion, and a mixture of eggs and milk. It’s typically served with ketchup. If it contains no meat, you may see it served alongside a main dish of meat.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Lihamakaronilaatikossa on kerroksittain makaronia ja jauhelihaa.
Becky: Macaroni casserole has layers of macaroni and minced meat.
Päivi: (slow) Lihamakaronilaatikossa on kerroksittain makaronia ja jauhelihaa.
Becky: Okay, what’s the next word?
Päivi: Uunikala.
Becky: Oven-baked fish
Päivi: (slow) Uunikala. (regular) Uunikala.
Becky: Listeners, please repeat:
Päivi: Uunikala.
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky:
It’s quite common for Finns to bake salmon, rainbow trout, and whitefish in the oven because it’s so easy. Of the fish found in the frozen section, saithe—more commonly called pollock—is one of the most common for baking.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Uunikalan mausteina käytetään usein tilliä ja sitruunapippuria.
Becky: Oven-baked fish is often seasoned with dill and lemon pepper.
Päivi: (slow) Uunikalan mausteina käytetään usein tilliä ja sitruunapippuria.
Becky: Okay, what’s the next word?
Päivi: Lihapullat.
Becky: Meatballs
Päivi: (slow) Lihapullat. (regular) Lihapullat.
Becky: Listeners, please repeat after Päivi.
Päivi: Lihapullat.
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky:
Meatballs are a favorite food of children, and many adults like them, too. They’re small balls made of minced meat, spices, and some additional ingredients, and they’re usually served with mashed potatoes.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Ruokakaupassa on tarjolla monenmerkkisiä valmiita lihapullia.
Becky: Food stores have many brands of ready-made meatballs available.
Päivi: (slow) Ruokakaupassa on tarjolla monenmerkkisiä valmiita lihapullia.
Becky: Okay, what’s our last word?
Päivi: Jauhelihakastike.
Becky: Minced meat sauce
Päivi: (slow) Jauhelihakastike. (regular) Jauhelihakastike.
Becky: Listeners, please repeat:
Päivi: Jauhelihakastike.
[pause - 5 sec.]
Becky:
Minced meat sauce usually contains chopped onion and often some carrot. Its base may have tomatoes or cream, depending on the preference of the chef. The sauce is served with potatoes or pasta.
Becky: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Päivi: (normal) Jauhelihakastike on kiireisen perheen nopea ruoka.
Becky: Minced meat sauce is a quick food for a busy family.
Päivi: (slow) Jauhelihakastike on kiireisen perheen nopea ruoka.
QUIZ
Becky: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Päivi will give you the Finnish word, and you can say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Päivi: Makkarakeitto.
[pause]Becky: Sausage soup
Päivi: Lihamakaronilaatikko.
[pause]Becky: Macaroni casserole with minced meat
Päivi: Uunikala.
[pause]Becky: Oven-baked fish
Päivi: Lihapullat.
[pause]Becky: Meatballs
Päivi: Jauhelihakastike.
[pause]Becky: Minced meat sauce

Outro

Becky: There you have it—five popular home-cooked foods from Finland! We have more vocabulary lists available at FinnishPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, we’ll see you next time!
Päivi: Hei hei!

9 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Which meal do you know how to cook better?

villilapsi
Friday at 09:00 AM
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I'm sorry, abessive means without something. But I've not got what is he suffix in this word "kerroksittain" or what's there )

villilapsi
Friday at 08:38 AM
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Kiitos paljon! One more question ) So, this word is in the abessive case and -in is some suffix?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 05:05 AM
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Moi Villilapsi!


Sorry to keep you waiting for so long!

So, 'kerroksittain' means "layers of".

"Kerros" means a layer (or, when talking about buildings, a floor or storey).

Let's take a look at some cases formed from this word:


Nominative singular: kerros - floor/layer

Nominative plural: kerrokset

Genitive singular: kerroksen

Partitive singular: kerrosta

Genitive plural: kerrosten

Partitive plural: kerroksia

...so the stem is, 'kerro-' :smile:


Päivi

FinnishPod101.com

villilapsi
Friday at 07:47 PM
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Hello! Would you be so kind to tell me, please, what is the stem of the word "kerroksittain" from the lesson? Kiitos.

Corinna
Friday at 02:52 AM
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ehkä voin antaa sinulle minun resepti joskus :grin:

Corinna
Friday at 02:11 AM
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Moi taas Päivi :smile:


Rakastan leipää myös! :smile: It's a Mennonite food that my family makes. There are quite a few different recipes for it. It's also a lot like the bannock that the First Nations people here make.

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 05:51 PM
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Kiitos kommentista, Corinna! :smile:


Mmm, minun täytyy etsiä 'roll kuchen'- resepti ja kokeilla sitä joskus! Rakastan leipää!


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Wednesday at 01:47 PM
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En syö tai paljon (I don't eat a lot; I'm a very picky eater :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: ) mutta tehdan ruoka 'roll kuchen' (But I do make roll kuchen). Se on lähinnä leipä, että sinä paistaa ruokaöljyssä (It's essentially bread that you fry in cooking oil). Se on niin herkullista :smile: