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Lesson Transcript

Hei, minun nimeni on Paula. Hi everybody! I’m Paula.
Welcome to FinnishPod101.com’s “Suomea kolmessa minuutissa”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Finnish.
In the last few lessons, we have learned a few different ways to use the verb olla, “to be”. In this lesson we will continue with the same verb, but now it gets a new meaning. It can also indicate possession, like “to have” in English.
Now we will learn how to use it to talk about things you own.
Onko sinulla auto? “Do you have a car?”
[slowly] Onko sinulla auto?
Let’s take a closer look at this question.
Onko has the base word on, which is a conjugation of the olla verb. The ending -ko is used when you want to turn the word into a question.
sinulla is the word sinä, “you” with the ending -lla indicating possession.
auto, means “a car”
So when you want to talk about possessions, you always use the olla verb in the form of "on". Then you have to conjugate the pronoun by adding -lla to the end. Minulla on, “I have”, sinulla on, “you have” hänellä on, “he or she has”, meillä on, “we have”, teillä on, “you have”, heillä on, “they have”.
Just remember these conjugations and you will have no problem talking about possessions.
So if you *do* have a car, how can you answer this question?
Now that you know how to conjugate, it couldn’t be easier!
Just start with Minulla on and add the noun.
So in this case, when being asked Onko sinulla auto? you would say
Minulla on auto, “I have a car.”
[slowly] Minulla on auto.
Let’s see another example. If your friend asks you, Onko sinulla koira? they want to know if you have a dog. If you do, how would you answer? Just simply, Kyllä, minulla on koira. “Yes, I have a dog.”
Adding Kyllä, which means “yes”, to the beginning will make it sounds more natural!
Here’s another situation when you would use “minulla on”. This is when you are talking about how you are feeling physically.
If you haven’t eaten in a while, in English you would simply say “I am hungry.” However, in Finnish you would say “I have hunger”, Minulla on nälkä.
Some other sensations, such as coldness, are expressed in the same way.
For example,
Minulla on kylmä, “I’m cold”
Minulla on lämmin, “I’m warm”
Minulla on tylsää, “I’m bored”.
Minulla on kiire, “I’m busy”.
Now it’s time for Paula’s Points.
Here’s one more common way to use Minulla on, that is somewhat different from English. Minulla on sinua ikävä. Could you guess what this means? Minulla on sinua ikävä means “I miss you”. A variation of this phrase is Minulla on koti-ikävä, which would mean “I am homesick”, or “I miss home”.
In recent lessons, we have learned many different ways to use the verb olla.
But how to make the sentences negative, and say “I am not” or “I don’t have”?
It’s quite simple! It all starts with adding one little word to the sentence. Could you guess what that word is?
You’ll find out in the next Suomea kolmessa minuutissa lesson.
Nähdään pian!