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Lesson Transcript

Hei, minun nimeni on Paula. Hi everybody! I’m Paula.
Welcome to FinnishPod101.com’s “Suomea kolmessa minuutissa”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Finnish.
In the last few lessons, we have learned a few different ways to use the verb olla, “to be”. In this lesson we will continue with the same verb, but now it gets a new meaning. It can also indicate possession, like “to have” in English.
Now we will learn how to use it to talk about things you own.
Onko sinulla auto? “Do you have a car?”
[slowly] Onko sinulla auto?
Let’s take a closer look at this question.
Onko has the base word on, which is a conjugation of the olla verb. The ending -ko is used when you want to turn the word into a question.
sinulla is the word sinä, “you” with the ending -lla indicating possession.
auto, means “a car”
So when you want to talk about possessions, you always use the olla verb in the form of "on". Then you have to conjugate the pronoun by adding -lla to the end. Minulla on, “I have”, sinulla on, “you have” hänellä on, “he or she has”, meillä on, “we have”, teillä on, “you have”, heillä on, “they have”.
Just remember these conjugations and you will have no problem talking about possessions.
So if you *do* have a car, how can you answer this question?
Now that you know how to conjugate, it couldn’t be easier!
Just start with Minulla on and add the noun.
So in this case, when being asked Onko sinulla auto? you would say
Minulla on auto, “I have a car.”
[slowly] Minulla on auto.
Let’s see another example. If your friend asks you, Onko sinulla koira? they want to know if you have a dog. If you do, how would you answer? Just simply, Kyllä, minulla on koira. “Yes, I have a dog.”
Adding Kyllä, which means “yes”, to the beginning will make it sounds more natural!
Here’s another situation when you would use “minulla on”. This is when you are talking about how you are feeling physically.
If you haven’t eaten in a while, in English you would simply say “I am hungry.” However, in Finnish you would say “I have hunger”, Minulla on nälkä.
Some other sensations, such as coldness, are expressed in the same way.
For example,
Minulla on kylmä, “I’m cold”
Minulla on lämmin, “I’m warm”
Minulla on tylsää, “I’m bored”.
Minulla on kiire, “I’m busy”.
Now it’s time for Paula’s Points.
Here’s one more common way to use Minulla on, that is somewhat different from English. Minulla on sinua ikävä. Could you guess what this means? Minulla on sinua ikävä means “I miss you”. A variation of this phrase is Minulla on koti-ikävä, which would mean “I am homesick”, or “I miss home”.
In recent lessons, we have learned many different ways to use the verb olla.
But how to make the sentences negative, and say “I am not” or “I don’t have”?
It’s quite simple! It all starts with adding one little word to the sentence. Could you guess what that word is?
You’ll find out in the next Suomea kolmessa minuutissa lesson.
Nähdään pian!

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FinnishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Onko sinulla auto?
"Do you have a car?"

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:02 PM
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Hi Maged,


Thank you for your comment and question. ?


Here's my answer: Ei, minulla ei ole koiraa.


If you have any questions, please let us know.


Cheers,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Maged Noaman
Tuesday at 04:23 AM
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Minulla on auto.

Minulla ei ole koiraa. Onko sinulla koira?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 07:27 PM
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Hienoa, hyvä Sveta!


Parhain terveisin, Best Wishes,

Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Sveta
Thursday at 07:27 PM
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Minulla ei ole autoa, mutta miehellani on.

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 07:46 PM
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Hei Beata!


Haha, minulla myös! :smile:


Best Wishes,

Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Beata
Monday at 01:45 AM
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Minulla ei ole autoa mutta minulla on bussilippu!

Corinna
Tuesday at 02:41 PM
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Hei, Päivi!


Okay, that's what I was wondering. :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: Haha yeah, in a case like that it would be important to specify! :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:39 AM
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Moi Corinna!


You can of course also say "sillä on pallo" - 'it has a ball', or "niillä on pallo" - 'they have a ball', but then you must mention the object before, so the other person knows what you're talking about, i.e. who or what has the ball.


For example; "Minulla on koira. Sillä on punainen kaulapanta." - 'I have a dog. It has a red collar.'


Many animal lovers love to kind of show respect to their pets though, and therefore they (and ok, I :wink: ) use the pronouns used for people;

"Hänellä on punainen kaulapanta." - 'S/he has a red collar'.

This is NOT adviced in the official grammar rules, but just to let you know so that you won't get confused when people start saying things like "hän rakastaa luita ja nukkuu lattialla..." - 'S/he loves bones and sleeps on the floor.." :laughing:


Best Wishes,

Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Wednesday at 01:06 AM
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Päivää, Päivi!


Joo, in this case they are similar! Well, grammar-wise, anyway. :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:

Ah, okay. :grin: Now I know!


Haha, okay. So if it's an animal or object you just use the name of the animal/ object instead of "se" or "ne"?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:19 PM
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Moi Corinna!


Oh, interesting to know about the similarity between Finnish and German! I didn't know! :smile:


'Thirsty' is "janoinen" in Finnish. 'Thirst' is "jano". Therefore, you can say either "minä olen janoinen" ('I am thirsty') or "minulla on jano" (literally 'I have thirst', i.e. 'I am thirsty').


...and, "koiralla on pallo", "kissoilla on laatikko" :wink:


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com