Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Hei, minun nimeni on Paula. Hi everybody! I’m Paula.
Welcome to FinnishPod101.com’s “Suomea kolmessa minuutissa”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Finnish.
In our previous lessons, we have been practicing the different usages of the verb olla. In this lesson, we’re going to learn how turn it into a negative form to say “I am not” and “I don’t have”.
So imagine you are going to see a movie with your friend. You want to know if he is ready, so you ask Oletko sinä valmis?
He isn’t ready yet so he replies Minä en ole valmis. “I’m not ready.”
Then you’d like to know if he already has the tickets. You ask, Onko sinulla liput?, “Do you have the tickets?” and to your disappointment he answers Minulla ei ole lippuja, “I don’t have the tickets”.
Let’s break down these two negative sentences.
“I’m not ready.” Minä en ole valmis.
“I don’t have the tickets”. Minulla ei ole lippuja.
[slowly] Minä en ole valmis./ Minulla ei ole lippuja.
Can you guess what word we added to make them negative? It’s ei, which simply means “no”. This word is conjugated in the first sentence.
So let's have a look at the way to switch from affirmative to negative.
If your friend *were* ready, he would say Minä olen valmis, “I am ready.” But he wasn’t, so he said Minä en ole valmis.
So to make it negative, you must start by adding the word ei, which is conjugated. Then use the olla verb, which is in the form ole, when paired with ei. Ei ole. This is how to conjugate according to the pronoun: Minä en ole, “I am not”, sinä et ole, “you are not”, hän ei ole, “he or she is not”, me emme ole, “we are not”, te ette ole, “you are not” he eivät ole, “they are not”.
Now let's take a look at the example when talking about what you have.
"I have the tickets" is minulla on liput, and "I don't have the tickets" is Minulla ei ole lippuja.
You see this is almost the same as the earlier example, you just use the word minulla instead of minä. The words ei ole stay the same, but you have to conjugate the pronoun. It’s the same as we learned in the last lesson, do you remember? Minulla, sinulla, hänellä, meillä, teillä, heillä.
Let's see a few more examples.
How would you say “I don’t have a car”?
If you did have a car, you would say Minulla on auto. And turning it into a negative?
That’s right, Minulla ei ole autoa.
How about a phone? If you do have one, you could say Minulla on puhelin. So the negative is? Yes, minulla ei ole puhelinta.
You might have noticed that the noun changes a bit in the negative sentence. This is again because of the grammatical cases. When talking about a noun as the object, it sometimes gets the partitive ending -a, if the last letter is a vowel, or -ta, if it is a consonant. Hence auto, “car”, becomes autoa, and puhelin, “telephone”, becomes puhelinta.
Now it’s time for Paula’s insights
The grammatical cases are considered to be one of the most difficult aspects of learning Finnish. And no wonder, there are fifteen different cases! Even Finns sometimes have trouble with them. Although at this point it’s not essential for you to master them all, at least you will know why the nouns keep changing into weird forms!
So how about if you want to describe what your car or phone looks like? In the next lesson we will take a look at how to use adjectives in Finnish.
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Suomea kolmessa minuutissa lesson.
Nähdään pian!

13 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Can you make a sentence using the negative form?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 10:32 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hei Maged,


Kiitos kommentistasi. ?


"Minulla on pyörällä" In this case, it would be better to say: "Minulla on polkupyörä" if you mean that you have a bicycle.


Parhain terveisin,

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com

Maged Noaman
Tuesday at 04:32 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Minulla ei ole autoa. Minulla on pyörällä.

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 07:28 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Kiitos kommentista, Sveta!

Chelsea on varmasti todella suloinen. I'm sure Chelsea is very cute. ?❤️️


Parhain terveisin, Best Wishes,

Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Sveta
Thursday at 07:35 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Minulla ei ole koiraa, minulla on kissa. Sen nimensä on Chelsea.

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 06:49 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hei Semih!


First of all, I'm very happy to hear you will not give up!! That's a great attitude, keep it up! :thumbsup: :smile:

And thank you for your nice comments too, we're happy if we can help!


Finns certainly do conjugate pretty much everything, but we are also quite easy-going in our daily communication; this means you don't need to worry about small mistakes. Just be brave and talk and practice, and you will learn!


Keep up the good spirit!


Best Wishes, parhain terveisin,

Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Semih
Friday at 07:54 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Whuu.It gradually becomes complicated :flushed: Fins are conjugating everything. Learning finnish will take more time than i expected :grin: No matter, i will not give up. Thank you for your servise to help me get through it :thumbsup:

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:41 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Ei huolta, no worries Corinna! :wink: :thumbsup:


Best Wishes,

Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Wednesday at 01:09 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Moi Päivi!


Haha, joo. Whoops! :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: My mistake! I probably should've caught that.

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:30 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hienoa Corinna! :thumbsup:


(just remember to type 'suomalainen', not 'suomelainen', but I assume this was a typo :wink: )


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Monday at 02:45 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Minä en ole suomelainen.

Minulla ei ole kameraa.


Or:


Mä en oo pitkä.

Mulla ei oo / Ei mulla paljon kenkiä.

. :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: