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Lesson Transcript

Hei, minun nimeni on Paula. Hi everybody! I’m Paula.
Welcome to FinnishPod101.com’s “Suomea kolmessa minuutissa”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Finnish.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use the verb mennä which means "to go" in Finnish.
In this lesson, we will continue our lesson series dedicated to common Finnish verbs.
The second verb in our series is tehdä, which means "to do."
Here’s how the verb conjugates with pronouns.
Minä teen, “I do”, sinä teet, “you do”, hän tekee, “he or she does”, me teemme, “we do”, te teette, “you do”, he tekevät, “they do”.
So when someone asks you Mitä sinä teet?
it means "What are you doing?".
If you were just preparing a meal, for example, you will say Minä teen ruokaa.
[slowly] Minä teen ruokaa.
This would literally mean “I am doing food”.
Let’s break down this answer.
First we had-
Minä teen which is "I am doing."
Next was ruokaa. Now the basic form of “food” would be ruoka, but when it becomes the object of the doing, it gets the ending -a.
Here’s another example of how to use this grammatical case with the verb tehdä.
Let’s say you are doing a crossword puzzle. The Finnish word for that would be sanaristikko. So how would the sentence turn out?
Minä teen sanaristikkoa.
Here are a few other ways you can use the word tehdä.
I brought up the verb aikoa, “going to”, in the last lesson, when we used it in the form “where are you going to go?”
It is often also used together with tehdä.
Mitä sinä aiot tehdä?
[slowly] Mitä sinä aiot tehdä?
So as you already learned how to ask your friend where they will be going for the weekend, here’s another way to ask about their plans.
Mitä sinä aiot tehdä viikonloppuna?
What are you going to do this weekend?
[slowly] Mitä sinä aiot tehdä viikonloppuna?
Now it’s time for Paula’s Points.
Here’s a useful word derived from tehdä: tekeminen. In English it could be translated roughly as “doings”, and in Finnish it’s often used in the form tekemistä.
You can use it when you want to know if your friend is doing something, or in other words, if she is busy.
Onko sinulla jotain tekemistä? “Are you doing something?”
Or if you are bored, you could say
Minulla ei ole mitään tekemistä! Which would mean “I have nothing to do!”
In this lesson, we learned how to use the verb tehdä in different contexts.
Next time we’ll learn another very useful verb, pitää.
Can you guess what it means?
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Suomea kolmessa minuutissa lesson.
Nähdään pian!

13 Comments

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FinnishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What do you like to do in your spare time?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 07:34 PM
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Hienoa! Kiitos kommentistasi, Sveta! ?


Parhain terveisin, Best Wishes,

Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Sveta
Friday at 05:34 PM
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Vapaana aikana minä tavallisesti katson tv-ohjelmia tai pelaan tietokonepeliä.

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 10:41 PM
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Hei Elsie!


Well noticed!

In some circumstances, you can indeed use the verb "tehdä", "to do" or "to make", to explain what you do for a living. This requires however, that you clarify the sentence by explaining 'what' you are doing - just like you did in your sample sentences. Usually Finns explain their profession with the verb "olla", "to be". Here are a few comparisons and examples:


Minä olen muusikko. ("I am a musician").

Minä teen musiikkia. ("I make music".)


Minä olen opettaja. ("I am a teacher")

Minä teen töitä opettajana. ("I work as a teacher", but literally "I make work as a teacher.")


Minä olen kokki. ("I am a chef")

Minä teen ruokaa. ("I cook", literally "I make food")


Best Wishes, Parhain terveisin,

Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

ELSIE PARKER
Tuesday at 12:38 PM
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Moi, Päivi-

Can't you also use "tehdä" to mean "do" as in what you "do for a living", (your occupationa)?


Mitä sinä teet?

Minä teen musiikkia.

Hän teet musiikkia.

Me teemme musiikia.

He tekevät musiikkia.

ELSIE

Corinna
Saturday at 03:43 AM
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Päivää, Päivi


Haha, kiitos paljon! :heart: En luule että olen vielä kovin hyvää, mutta tykkään vielä piirtää. :grin:


Okay, I'll remember that. :smile: "Aikoa" it is, then! :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 07:40 AM
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Moi Corinna!


Thank you for sharing your DeviantArt profile - you're talented!! :open_mouth: :thumbsup:

Beautiful work.


You can use both 'aikoa' and 'meinata', but 'aikoa' is perhaps more common and more general language. Therefore I'd advice you to use that one. :wink:


Best Wishes,

Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Wednesday at 01:40 AM
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Hei, Päivi!


Haha, joo, piirän vähän, vaikka en luule, että olen kovin hyvää. :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: (If you really want to see them you can look up my DeviantArt profile, northernaurora77. :laughing: I don't have a lot posted, though.)


Ah, haha okay. So it doesn't really matter which one is used most of the time?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:48 PM
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Moikka Corinna!


Ai sinä piirrät! Hienoa! Taidettasi olisi hieno nähdä! :smile:

(Oh you draw! Great! It would be great to see your art!)


“Aikoa” and “meinata” both mean 'to aim', 'to intend', 'to going to do something'. "Meinata" is perhaps a bit more "folksy" way of saying it though. :wink:


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Thursday at 03:20 PM
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Oh, and what exactly is the difference between "aikoa" and "meinata"?

Corinna
Thursday at 03:15 PM
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Minä teen joskus piirustuksia. :grin: Tykkään myos lukeasta ja kirjoittasta (Not sure if that's right) ja kuunnella musiikkista. I'm still not sure which cases use gradation and which ones don't. :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: