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Lesson Transcript

Hei, minun nimeni on Paula. Hi everybody! I’m Paula.
Welcome to FinnishPod101.com’s “Suomea kolmessa minuutissa”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Finnish.
In the last lesson, we learned how to ask questions with "Who" in Finnish.
In this last lesson, we are going to ask "Why" questions.
So imagine it’s already midnight, you can’t sleep, and decide to call your friend. He will probably want to know why you are still awake, and ask you
Miksi sinä olet vielä hereillä?
“Why are you still awake?”
[slowly] Miksi sinä olet vielä hereillä?
So let’s break down this question.
First we had-
Miksi, which is the basic question word "Why" in Finnish.
sinä, as I’m sure you already know, is “you”.
olet is the conjugated form of olla, “to be”.
vielä means “still”.
And hereillä, used together with the verb olla, means “to be awake”.
All together, it is Miksi sinä olet vielä hereillä?
“Why are you still awake?”
So in Finnish, Miksi is the translation for "Why", and it’s used to ask the reason for something. For example, if you skipped school, your teacher would ask "Why were you absent?"
In Finnish, that would be Miksi olit poissa koulusta?
Olla poissa basically means “to be away”, and koulusta is “from school”.
Here, your teacher uses "Why" in order to get an explanation.
Let’s look at some other uses for miksi.
If your friend has a strong opinion about an issue and you want to know why, you could ask Miksi olet sitä mieltä? “Why do you think so?”
[slowly] Miksi olet sitä mieltä?
Or if you are upset about unpleasant things always happening to you, you can say with a sigh
Miksi aina minä! “Why always me!”
[slowly] Miksi aina minä.
If you want to avoid giving a long explanation or simply don’t know the reason, you can answer
Minä en tiedä miksi. “I don’t know why”.
Now it’s time for Paula’s Points.
How about if you want to make it a negative “Why not”? The direct translation would be miksi ei, but because Finns love to make words shorter and easier, it becomes miksei. This is a really commonly used expression! For example, after a long winter, people start complaining Miksei kevät jo tule... “Why won’t spring already come...”
And as we learned in lesson 14, the word ei also conjugates. So if you want to know “Why don’t you like him?” it would turn into Mikset sinä pidä hänestä?
As in English, “Why not” can also have a positive meaning, for example if you are invited to a party and after a moment of thinking you respond “Sure, why not!”. In the same way in Finnish you can just answer Miksei!
This lesson is the last of this Absolute Beginner video series.
Hopefully you will continue learning Finnish from here on too! To take your language ability to the next level, check out FinnishPod101.com, the fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Finnish.
Nähdään myöhemmin!

17 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Hi listeners! Can you tell us in Finnish why are you learning Finnish?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:42 PM
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Haha, Nickölas, yes, she became very famous! ?


Terveisin,

Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Nickölas
Saturday at 08:59 PM
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Smoukahontas? Öööh hän, tiedän hänet ?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 07:51 PM
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Hei Sveta!


Upeaa, olet siis todella lahjakas kielissä!

That's amazing, so you are very talented with languages! Good luck with Finnish! ??


Parhain terveisin, Best Wishes,

Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Sveta
Saturday at 07:06 PM
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Hei! Minä pidän Suomesta ja sen kielestä, tämä ei ole samaa kuin muut kielet että tiedän. Opiskelin ranskaa ja englantia yliopistossa. Nyt minä käännän täistä kielistä venäjään ja toivon joku päivä kääntää suomestakin. Kiitos! Mahtavaa kurssi se on. Olette paras!

Corinna
Tuesday at 02:37 PM
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Hei Päivi!


Haha, I'll have to look it up! Sounds entertaining!

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 10:35 PM
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Haha, Corinna, you might want to check the videos of the so called 'kielinainen' ("language woman"),

Sara Forsberg a.k.a. Smoukahontas! She is a Finnish girl who became famous for imitating different languages.


Best Wishes, Parhain terveisin,

Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Monday at 04:45 PM
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Haha, I love accents too! :grin: (My friend and I were actually talking today about how if we went to another country we wouldn't stop smiling just because we'd be hearing people with different accents talking all day. :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: ) But I think a Finnish person speaking English sounds a lot nicer than me trying to speak Finnish. :laughing:

I think I might have heard that term. :wink: I saw a Finnish (I think) person comment somewhere that it's funny how almost all foreign speakers exaggerate the lilt of the language. :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 09:40 AM
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Älä murehdi, don't worry, Corinna! :smile:


I actually think accents are interesting! No need to hide your roots or feel embarrassed. :heart:

Many Finns also speak English with a monotonous accent.. perhaps you know the term "rally English"? :wink:


Best Wishes, Parhain terveisin,


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Wednesday at 09:16 AM
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Hei taas, Päivi!


Aw, no kiitos paljon! :smile: :heart: Mutta en ole ollut vielä voida todella sitä kenellekään puhua. :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: Mä oon varma, että minun aksentti kuulostaa tyhmältä. :laughing: And I'm still getting used to the grammar and sentence structures. :sweat_smile: haha. Nähdään, kuinka hyvin ensi kuussa (or "kuulla"?) teen! I hope I don't embarrass myself too badly. :grin: :laughing:

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 05:09 AM
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Moi Corinna!


Apocalyptica yllättyy varmasti positiivisesti, kun jonakin kauniina päivänä hurmaat heidät suomen kielellä! Osaat jo todella hyvin! :smile: :thumbsup:

(Apocalyptica will surely be positively surprised, when you charm them with Finnish on some beautiful day! You are very good already!)


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com