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Lesson Transcript

Brandon: Hello, and welcome to FinnishPod101! I’m Brandon. This is Lower Beginner season 1, lesson 9. See You Tomorrow in Finland!
Nico: Hei, minä olen Nico. Hi, I’m Nico.
Brandon: So, what are we going to learn in this lesson?
Nico: We’re going to learn common phrases used when you part ways with someone.
Brandon: The conversation takes place at the office.
Nico: The conversation is between Petri and Hanna. They’re colleagues, so they’ll be speaking standard Finnish in the casual register.
Brandon: Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Petri: Taidan lähteä nyt kotiin.
Hanna: Selvä. Mihin aikaan tulet huomenna?
Petri: Yhdeksän maissa.
Hanna: Hyvä. Loppuviikolla saat jo aloittaa oikeita töitä. Huomiseen! Hauskaa iltaa!
Petri: Kiitos samoin. Huomiseen!
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Petri: Taidan lähteä nyt kotiin.
Hanna: Selvä. Mihin aikaan tulet huomenna?
Petri: Yhdeksän maissa.
Hanna: Hyvä. Loppuviikolla saat jo aloittaa oikeita töitä. Huomiseen! Hauskaa iltaa!
Petri: Kiitos samoin. Huomiseen!
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Petri: Taidan lähteä nyt kotiin.
Brandon: I think I’ll go home now.
Hanna: Selvä. Mihin aikaan tulet huomenna?
Brandon: Okay. What time will you be coming tomorrow?
Petri: Yhdeksän maissa.
Brandon: Around nine o’clock.
Hanna: Hyvä. Loppuviikolla saat jo aloittaa oikeita töitä. Huomiseen! Hauskaa iltaa!
Brandon: Good. Towards the end of the week, you'll get to start some real work. See you tomorrow! Have a nice evening!
Petri: Kiitos samoin. Huomiseen!
Brandon: Thanks, you too! See you tomorrow!
Brandon: What are the normal working hours in Finland?
Nico: Well, of course it depends on what you do. If you work in a paper mill or hospital, you’ll work in three shifts, so you could be working at any time. But normal office workers usually go to work around 8 or 9 and go home around 4 or 5.
Brandon: Okay. What time are stores usually open in Finland?
Nico: Again, it depends… Grocery stores and department stores open at 8, 9, or 10 am and close at 9 pm on weekdays and 6 pm on the weekends, but specialty stores close much earlier.
Brandon: I see, so it’s best to check beforehand if you need something from a specialty store.
Nico: That would be a good thing to do.
Brandon: Ok, Let’s have a look at the vocabulary.
Brandon: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Nico: lähteä [natural native speed]
Brandon: to leave
Nico: lähteä [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nico: lähteä [natural native speed]
: Next:
Nico: nyt [natural native speed]
Brandon: now
Nico: nyt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nico: nyt [natural native speed]
: Next:
Nico: aika [natural native speed]
Brandon: hour, time
Nico: aika [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nico: aika [natural native speed]
: Next:
Nico: huomenna [natural native speed]
Brandon: tomorrow
Nico: huomenna [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nico: huomenna [natural native speed]
: Next:
Nico: maissa [natural native speed]
Brandon: about, around (time)
Nico: maissa [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nico: maissa [natural native speed]
: Next:
Nico: loppuviikko [natural native speed]
Brandon: the rest of the week, the end of the week
Nico: loppuviikko [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nico: loppuviikko [natural native speed]
: Next:
Nico: huomiseen [natural native speed]
Brandon: until tomorrow
Nico: huomiseen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nico: huomiseen [natural native speed]
: And last:
Nico: samoin [natural native speed]
Brandon: likewise; in the same way
Nico: samoin [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nico: samoin [natural native speed]
Brandon: Let’s take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. What shall we look at first?
Nico: Our first word is aika. It means “time”, “age”, or “era”. It could be a point in time or a longer period of time.
Brandon: How long?
Nico: Hmmm… About as long as you like. For example, there’s keskiaika, which is “the middle ages”. That’s several centuries.
Brandon: Oh, that’s pretty long.
Nico: Our next word is loppuviikko. It consists of loppu, which means “end”, and viikko, which means “week”.
Brandon: So that’s “weekend”, right?
Nico: Well, it’s a good guess, but I’m afraid it’s not correct. It means “the latter half of the week” or “what’s left of this week”.
Brandon: Oh, so it means the days from Thursday to Sunday?
Nico: Often, yes. The exact interpretation depends on the situation. If you talk with a colleague on Monday afternoon, and she says Koko loppuviikko on ihan täynnä, which means “The entire rest of the week is quite full”, she probably means the entire week from then on, including Tuesday.
Brandon: I see. Do you have a word for the beginning of the week?
Nico: Sure, that’s alkuviikko. Alku means “beginning”. Again, the interpretation may vary, but at least Monday and Tuesday are usually considered alkuviikko.
Brandon: OK, What’s our next word?
Nico: Maissa. It means “about” or “around” when talking about time. So you’d say kuuden maissa for "around six o’clock”, puolenpäivän maissa for “around noon”, or puoli viiden maissa for “around half past four”.
Brandon: Does it always come after the time?
Nico: Yes, and the time is always in the genitive.
Brandon: That’s quite a few words related to time. Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Brandon: In this lesson, we’re going to learn some common phrases you can use when parting ways with someone.
Nico: There are basically three kinds of phrases. There are the phrases like “bye bye” that don’t have any particular meaning. Then there are phrases for saying something to the effect that you’ll meet the other person again. Finally, there are phrases for wishing the other person well.
Brandon: Do you have to use one of each?
Nico: No, it’s quite common to use just one phrase, and it can be from any group. But you can use two or three phrases if you like.
Brandon: Okay, let’s have a look at some phrases of the first type.
Nico: One phrase you really should know is hei hei, for “bye bye”. You can use it in almost any situation, formal or casual. Heippa and moikka are more casual.
Brandon: How about hei and moi?
Nico: They’re more often used as greetings when you meet someone. You can use them when parting, but they might sound a bit abrupt.
Brandon: I see. What are common phrases for saying “see you” in Finnish?
Nico: Näkemiin is a relatively formal phrase meaning “see you”. If you’re on the phone, you can say Kuulemiin. It’s just like näkemiin, only it comes from the verb kuulla which means “to hear”. It’s also rather formal.
Brandon: What would you say to your friends?
Nico: You could say Nähdään, which literally means “let’s see”. If you know when you’re going to see the other person again, you can add a time, for example Nähdään illalla means “see you in the evening,” and Nähdään ensi viikolla means “see you next week”.
Brandon: But you can also use it just by itself?
Nico: That’s right. When you’re going home from work, it’s very common to say Huomiseen, meaning “until tomorrow”, as Hanna and Petri said.
Brandon: What about phrases for wishing the other person well?
Nico: A very common one is to say Hyvää… and then add a word that is relevant to the moment. For example, Hyvää viikonloppua for “have a nice weekend”, Hyvää lomaa for “have a nice vacation”, or Hyvää jatkoa for “all the best in the future”.
Brandon: “All the best in the future” doesn’t sound like something you’d say to a colleague at the end of a workday.
Nico: [laughs] That’s true. Hyvää jatkoa is more appropriate when you quit the company for good, or if for some other reason you’re not going to see the other person for a long time.
Brandon: Listeners, here’s a quick quiz for you. What would you say to a friend on a Friday?
Nico: There are many options, but you could say Hyvää viikonloppua, heippa!
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Brandon: That’s it for this lesson. See you next time!
Nico: Hyvää opiskelua! That’s “Have a good time studying!” Moikka!