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Jessi: Hello, and welcome to Finnish Survival Phrases, brought to you by FinnishPod101.com. This course is designed to equip you with the language skills and knowledge to enable you to get the most out of your visit to Finland. You'll be surprised at how far a little Finnish will go. Now, before we jump in, remember to stop by FinnishPod101.com and there you'll find the accompanying PDF and additional info in the post. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment!
Finnish Survival Phrases lesson 17 - Counting to 100 in Finnish
Reeta: In this lesson we're going to continue with counting as we cover numbers 11-100.
Let's just quickly review 0 to 10.
0 nolla
1 yksi
2 kaksi
3 kolme
4 neljä
5 viisi
6 kuusi
7 seitsemän
8 kahdeksan
9 yhdeksän
10 kymmenen
In Finnish, counting from 11-20 is also quite straightforward, so let's jump right in.
11..... yksitoista
12..... kaksitoista
13..... kolmetoista
14..... neljätoista
15..... viisitoista
16..... kuusitoista
17..... seitsemäntoista
18..... kahdeksantoista
19..... yhdeksäntoista
20..... kaksikymmentä
As you may have noticed, from numbers 11-19 you just put the word toista after the number you want to say. The numbers 21-29 have the number kaksikymmentä first, then the number. For example, 21 is kaksikymmentäyksi.
Now that we know how to do the complicated bit, let's move on to the simpler one.
30....... kolmekymmentä
40....... neljäkymmentä
50....... viisikymmentä
60....... kuusikymmentä
70....... seitsemänkymmentä
80....... kahdeksankymmentä
90....... yhdeksänkymmentä
Note that from 20 onward, to get a number like 23 or 59, it's simply a matter of adding the single digit number to the number that marks every tenth. There's no changing—it's just straightforward.
For example, let's try with "fifty-three." "Fifty" is viisikymmentä and "three" is kolme. Putting them together, we have viisikymmentäkolme or "fifty-three." Let’s break it down, viisikymmentäkolme. Once more, viisikymmentäkolme.
Let's make some sample sentences with these numbers. We can use them to talk about time.
"It's eleven o'clock" in Finnish is Kello on yksitoista.
Kello means "time" or "watch," on is the verb "is" and yksitoista is "eleven." We can use the same type of sentence to express any time, so let's try some more sentences.
We see "thirteen" in the sentence Kolmetoista on epäonnen numero.
Thirteen is an unlucky number.
Let's try some bigger numbers.
Kuukaudessa on kolmekymmentä päivää.
"In one month there are thirty days."
Kuukausi is the noun for "month," and this sentence used it in the inessive case, a case used for locations, as kuukaudessa (literally "in a month"). On is the verb "is." Next comes the number 30, kolmekymmentä. Last is päivää, which means "days."
Let's make one more sentence with a big number: Minun isoisäni on yhdeksänkymmentä vuotias.
"My grandfather is 90 years old."
Isoisä means "grandfather," and vuotias means "years old."
Finally, we have sata.
100..... sata
Let's use sata in a phrase: Minulla on sata euroa taskussa.
"I have a hundred euros in my pocket."
Tasku means "pocket." To say "in my pocket," we put the noun tasku in the inessive case: taskussa
To count from sata onwards, we just need to add the units and the tens we have already learned.
110..... satakymmenen
198..... satayhdeksänkymmentäkahdeksan
Ok, to close out today's lessons, we’d like you to practice what you have just learned. I’ll provide you with the English equivalent of the phrase and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud. You’ll have a few seconds before I give you the answer, so Onnea! which means “Good luck!” in Finnish.
“It's eleven o'clock.” - Kello on yksitoista.
“Thirteen is an unlucky number.” - Kolmetoista on epäonnen numero.
“In one month there are thirty days.” - Kuukaudessa on kolmekymmentä päivää.
“My grandfather is 90 years old.” - Minun isoisäni on yhdeksänkymmentä vuotias.
“I have a hundred euros in my pocket.” - Minulla on sata euroa taskussa.
Jessi: Alright! That's going to do it for today. Remember to stop by FinnishPod101.com and pick up the accompanying PDF. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment!