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Jessi: Hello, and welcome to Finnish Survival Phrases, brought to you by FinnishPod101.com. This course is designed to equip you with the language skills and knowledge to enable you to get the most out of your visit to Finland. You'll be surprised at how far a little Finnish will go. Now, before we jump in, remember to stop by FinnishPod101.com and there you'll find the accompanying PDF and additional info in the post. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment!
Finnish Survival Phrases lesson 31 - Asking Directions in Finnish
Reeta: In today’s lesson, we'll introduce you to directions that will help you find the place you are looking for. Previously, we introduced "Is there a place near here?" and "Where is ...(something)?" But while we can now ask, we haven't addressed understanding the answer. In this lesson, we're going to work on understanding what someone tells us, and we'll go over basic directions. First, we have "go straight."
In Finnish, "go straight" is Suoraan. Let’s break it down, Suoraan. Once more, Suoraan.
It doesn't actually contain the word "go," only "straight." That is usually how Finns get around the problem of choosing the appropriate level of politeness in grammar. Let's say they want to be more polite with you. Then, you would hear: Menkää suoraan.
The word menkää is "go" in its more polite form when talking to one person, but it is also the plural form of the verb.
You might also hear Mene suoraan to mean the same thing, which is normal spoken language when talking to one person, and not considered impolite. Mene suoraan.
Let's look at the next expression to help us turn. Let's cover "turn left," which in Finnish is Kääntykää vasempaan. Let’s break it down, Kääntykää vasempaan. Once more, Kääntykää vasempaan.
The first word, kääntykää, means "turn" again, with an elevated level of politeness (or plural). We follow this with vasemmalle ("to the left"). So all together, we have Kääntykää vasemmalle.
Remember how we mentioned that Finns might skip the verb, to make it easier and less awkward without polite speech? It's the same here too; you might just hear vasemmalle. The verb can also be in the spoken language form (not impolite), in that case it would be Käänny vasemmalle.
Now let's work on "turn right." In Finnish, "turn right" is Kääntykää oikealle.
We can also say the spoken-language verb Käänny oikealle.
Now let's try "Turn right at the traffic light."
Kääntykää oikealle liikennevaloista.
After Kääntykää oikealle ("turn right"), which we have just seen, you have a liikennevaloista ("from the traffic light").
Kääntykää oikealle liikennevaloista.
"It's on the right" in Finnish is Se on oikealla. se on oikealla. Let’s break it down, se on oikealla. Once more, se on oikealla.
The first word, se, means "it." Then we have the verb on which means "is." Finally, we have oikealla ("on the right"). So all together, we have Se on oikealla.
"It's on the left" in Finnish is Se on vasemmalla.
The only difference is the word vasemmalla in place of oikealla. Let’s break it down, vasemmalla. Once more, vasemmalla.
Ok, to close out today's lessons, we’d like you to practice what you have just learned. I’ll provide you with the English equivalent of the phrase and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud. You’ll have a few seconds before I give you the answer, so Onnea! which means “Good luck!” in Finnish.
“Go straight. (polite)” - Menkää suoraan.
“Go straight (spoken language)” - Mene suoraan.
“Turn left. (polite)” - Kääntykää vasemmalle.
“Turn left. (spoken language)” - Käänny vasemmalle.
“Turn right. (polite)” - Kääntykää oikealle.
“Turn right. (spoken language)” - Käänny oikealle.
“Turn right at the traffic light.” - Kääntykää oikealle liikennevaloista.
“It's on the right.” - Se on oikealla.
“It's on the left.” - Se on vasemmalla.
Jessi: Alright! That's going to do it for today. Remember to stop by FinnishPod101.com and pick up the accompanying PDF. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment!

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FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi listeners, how was this lesson?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 05:45 PM
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Hei HA,

Kiitos kysymyksestäsi.


1. Onko tuo kielioppi illative? Ja on aina "pysähtya + illative" ?

Se on tässä lauseessa illatiivimuodossa (stop at lights).

2. Onko "pysähdy" kotoisin "pysäköidä":stä? Se on verbii, eikö niin?

"Pysähtyä" means to stop, "pysäköidä" means to park. "Pysähtyä" on verbi.


Very good, HA. Just remember to keep personal pronouns the same.

Lähtekää suoraan noin 100 kilometria, kunnes nähdään (näette) keltaista kerrostaloa. Sitten kääntykää oikealle, kävelkää (ajakaa, if using a car?) suunnilaan kymmenenissa minuutissa (suunnilleen kymmenen). Tässä tavataan/tavakaa (please re-check that word) isoa puistoa eteenpäin, mutta älä PYSÄHDY (älkää pysähtykö) toihon puistoon vaan kääntykää vasemmalle. Lopulta voidaan (voitte) pysäköidä eläintarhan vieressä.


If you have any questions, please let us know.

Thank you.

Aarni

Team FinnishPod101.com




HA
Thursday at 09:50 PM
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Moi,


Mulla on yksi kysymys tästä lausesta. "Pysähdy liikennevaloihin." Tässä käsitän, että -ihin tarkoittaa "at".

1. Onko tuo kielioppi illative? Ja on aina "pysähtya + illative" ?

2. Onko "pysähdy" kotoisin "pysäköidä":stä? Se on verbii, eikö niin?


Haluaisin harijoittaa kirjoitamisen seuraavasti. Voisitko auttaa minua tarkistaa sen?


Esimerkiksi: Lähtekää suoraan noin 100 kilometria, kunnes nähdään keltaista kerrostaloa. Sitten kääntykää oikealle, kävelkää suunnilaan kymmenenissa minuutissa. Tässä tavataan/tavakaa isoa puistoa eteenpäin, mutta älä PYSÄHDY toihon puistoon vaan kääntykää vasemmalle. Lopulta voidaan pysäköidä eläintarhan vieressä.


Paljon kiitoksia avusta sulle. :)


FinnishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 03:15 AM
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Hei Oliver!


Yes, that is correct! :smile: The second person plural is used as a polite form in Finnish, for example in official situations, or when speaking to the elderly.

Thank you also for the fascinating information regards to French, Spanish and English! I am also personally interested in 'ye olde English', and absolutely love it when the old words are used in historical dramas and movies!


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Oliver
Wednesday at 10:17 AM
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Hei Päivi,


So, second person plural is used as a polite form in Finnish? The same happens in French and Spanish! It was used historically in English, so much so that we only use the plural (you) form now. The singular used to be "thou".

Corinna
Wednesday at 02:10 PM
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Moi taas Päivi!


Ah, I did know them :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: I just forgot.


That's what I thought :smile: so either one can be used.

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:14 PM
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Moi Corinna!


The ending for the 1st plural is '-mme' ('me menemme', "we go" - 'me syömme', "we eat") and for the 2nd plural it's

'-tte' ('te menette', "you go" - 'te syötte',"you eat").

And yes, 'vasempaan' and 'vasemmalle' both mean "to the left"! :thumbsup: :smile:


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Thursday at 02:31 PM
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Hei Päivi :smile:


Ah, okay :grin: I think I get it. I just can't quite remember all the endings; 1st singular - n, 2nd singular - t, 3rd singular - long vowel, 2nd plural - kää. What are the endings for the 1st and 3rd plurals? (it's very possible that I know them, and don't remember :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: )


Oh, so it's just another way of saying "vasemmalle" then? :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:39 PM
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Hi Corinna!


In polite speech, you can use the second plural form of verbs. In the 'kääntykää' case, the imperative form is also used (verb is "kääntyä", 'to turn', of which 2nd singular imperative is "käänny", 2nd plural is "kääntykää").

So for example;


Second plural in 'normal' speech, when you are talking to more than 1 person:

"Miten pääsemme metro-asemalle?" ('How do we get to the subway station?')

"Kääntykää seuraavasta risteyksestä oikealle." ('Turn right from the next crossing.')


(if there is only one person, the second sentence could be "käänny seuraavasta risteyksestä oikealle.", if not using the polite form)


Second plural when using polite speech, called "teitittely", in Finnish:

"Miten pääsen metro-asemalle?" ('How do I get to the subway station?')

"Kääntykää seuraavasta risteyksestä oikealle." ('Turn right from the next crossing.')


"Vasempaan" means 'to the left'. "Vasen" is just 'left'. :smile:


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com

Corinna
Sunday at 03:55 PM
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Slightly confused about why "-kää" is used in the polite speech ("Kääntykää vasemmalle"). :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: Also, I heard "vasenpaan" (or maybe "vasempaan") in the audio. How is that different from "vasen"?

FinnishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:28 PM
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Thank you for your comment and the compliments Abbas! :smile:


Hmm. Yes, in a way you can also say 'tämä on makea', 'this is sweet' . Sometimes it can also mean 'this is cool', especially young kids use this word to express when something is really cool, in slang, 'tosi makee!'.


Päivi

Team FinnishPod101.com