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Jessi: Hello, and welcome to Finnish Survival Phrases, brought to you by FinnishPod101.com. This course is designed to equip you with the language skills and knowledge to enable you to get the most out of your visit to Finland. You'll be surprised at how far a little Finnish will go. Now, before we jump in, remember to stop by FinnishPod101.com and there you'll find the accompanying PDF and additional info in the post. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment!
Finnish Survival Phrases lesson 4 - Basic Finnish Greetings
Reeta: In this lesson, we'll cover basic greetings for the appropriate time of the day. As there are quite a few to cover, let's jump right in.
We're going to start with the more formal ones first.
In Finnish, "Good morning" is Hyvää huomenta. Let’s break it down,Hyvää huomenta. Once more, Hyvää huomenta. The first word, hyvää, means "good." Huomenta, which in Finnish is "morning" in the accusative, follows this. Hyvää huomenta.
In Finnish, "Good afternoon" is Hyvää päivää. The second word, päivää, means "day." This is in the accusative form as well. The second way to say "Good afternoon" is hyvää iltapäivää. In this phrase the second word means "afternoon" and it is in the accusative form.
In Finnish, the evening greeting is hyvää iltaa. The first word, hyvää, as we've already mentioned, means "good." The second word, iltaa, means "evening." Upon leaving, you have to say, hyvää iltaa.
The expression for "good night" is hyvää yötä. The second word means "night" and it is in the accusative form.
You can use all of these in formal situations or with strangers. You can say hyvää huomenta ("Good morning") and hyvää yötä ("Good night") with your friends too.
Let's take a look at two ways of greeting your friends now. The most common word is moi. Moi in English is "hi." Use this only with people who you are already on friendly terms with or young people in restaurants, bars, or cafes. There are many other ways to say "hi" in Finnish, for example, hei.
Ok, to close out today's lessons, we’d like you to practice what you have just learned. I’ll provide you with the English equivalent of the phrase and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud. You’ll have a few seconds before I give you the answer, so Onnea! which means “Good luck!” in Finnish.
“Good morning.” - Hyvää huomenta.
“Good afternoon.” - Hyvää päivää.
“Good afternoon.” - Hyvää iltapäivää.
“Good evening.” - Hyvää iltaa.
“Good night.” - Hyvää yötä.
Jessi: Alright! That's going to do it for today. Remember to stop by FinnishPod101.com and pick up the accompanying PDF. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment!